The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Skills and Training Required to Develop Instructional Goals and Objectives
Goals are broad, generalized statements that describe what the purpose and aim of the instruction. A goal is the target that defines and describes what the learner should achieve in a course.
The USFS Basic Skills program is encouraging its instructors to develop lesson plans to teach the specific tasks of each badge. Developing a lesson plan starts with writing the goals and objectives for each session of the semester. Refer to Moving Snow Plow Stop Lesson Plan.
Every instructor/coach should review the
in how learners acquire information:
Common Types of Objectives
Psychomotor: Physical skill - "The student will be able to stroke around the perimeter of the rink without assistance or pause as demonstrated by the instructor." The stroking is a demonstration of fine motor skills. Refer to psychomotor domain.
Cognitive: understandings, awareness, insights - "A student will be able to list and describe the four stages of a jump either verbally or in writing." or "The student will be able to discuss how Newton's laws apply to jumps in a verbal discussion or in writing a paper on the strengths and weaknesses of the application of his theories to skating." Advanced skaters should have the benefit of additional knowledge or information to assist them with their comprehension or conceptual understanding of Newton's Laws. Some may be able to demonstrate their ability to apply knowledge, the ability to analyze a situation, and the ability to apply the concepts to other skating situations. See also Blooms' Taxonomy.
Affective: attitudes, appreciation, relationships (e.g., "Given the opportunity to work in a team with several specialists, the student will demonstrate an positive attitude and be able to benefit from different perspectives (choreographer, physical trainer, plus ballet and/or ballroom instructor." See also a detailed description of the affective domain.
The above list of objectives provides a mnemonic aid, the ABCD's of objectives.
Typical Problems Encountered When Writing Objectives
Take a quiz to see how much you have learned about writing instructional objectives.
Overview of Instructional Objectives The instructional objectives of a lesson plan describe the author's educational intent for the students - that is, the desired learning outcomes.
Mager's Tips on Instructional Objectives Sept. 6, 1999. An instructional objective describes student performance. It avoids saying anything about instructor performance.
Instructional Objective Helper Oct. 25, 2001. This form is designed to guide you through the process of writing effective five -part instructional objectives.
Objective Writing Objectives are not difficult to write if one follows the guidelines noted below. Instructional objectives are written for the student.
Principles of Sports Training:
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.