Well-Balanced Free Skating Programs
 
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Free Skating Track No Test through Senior Events
   Well-Balanced Free Skate Track / No-Test through Senior free skate programs are allowed +/- 10 seconds.

   The Referee/Competition Committee of a club hosting an open competition may elect to combine Juvenile and Open Juvenile events if entries are limited.

   The Pre-Juvenile and Open Pre-Juvenile events may also be combined if entries are limited.

   The free skate consists of a well-balanced program of free skate elements such as jumps, spins, steps, and other linking movements executed with a minimum of two-footed skating in harmony with music of the skater’s choice, except that vocal music with lyrics is not permitted.

   Within the applicable well-balanced program requirements of the skater’s level, the skater has complete freedom to select the free skate elements, the sum of which will comprise the program. All elements are to be linked together by connecting steps of a different nature and by other comparable free skate movements while fully utilizing the entire ice surface (forward and backward crossovers are not considered to be connecting steps). Special attention must be given to choreography, expression, interpretation of the music, and intricate footwork and transitions between elements.

   The numbers of each element listed below may be varied unless otherwise provided in the applicable well-balanced program requirements for the skater’s level. In events using the 6.0 system, an excessive number of any element, or fewer than the minimum number required, as well as the lack of connecting steps and other comparable free skate movements between the various elements, must be penalized by the judges since they are against the objective of a well-balanced program. The penalty should be 0.2 for each extra or lacking element in the mark for technical elements.

General remarks about singles free skate elements:
A. Jumps:
All triple and quadruple jumps may be executed either as individual jumps, jump sequences or jump combinations. Because the triple toe loop and the triple toe Walley jumps are very similar in nature, and essentially equal in value, the skater may execute only one or the other of them but not both. A double Axel cannot be included more than three times in total during a singles free skate.

B. Jump combinations:
A jump combination consists of two or more jumps performed together where the landing of the first jump becomes the take-off of the second jump. The jumps must directly follow one another without a change of foot or turn in between.

C. Jump sequences:
A jump sequence may consist of any number of jumps of any number of revolutions that may be linked by non-listed jumps and/or hops immediately following each other while maintaining the jump rhythm (knee). There can be no turns*, steps**, crossovers or stroking during the sequence.

*Turns: three turns, twizzles, brackets, loops, counters, rockers.
** Steps: toe steps, chasses, Mohawks, Choctaws, curves with change of edge, cross-rolls.

A jump sequence consisting of only one listed jump together with other non-listed jumps is not considered a jump sequence, but will count as a solo jump.

D. Spins:
The minimum numbers of required revolutions must be counted from the entry of the spin until its exit. In each of the required spins with less than the required number of revolutions a deduction of 0.1 under the 6.0 system must be made in the mark for technical elements. The skaters have complete freedom to select the kinds of spins they intend to execute within the spin types required. In the spin combination, the change of foot is compulsory (unless otherwise provided) and the number of different positions is free.

In the senior and junior free skates, a position must be held for 2 revolutions minimum to be counted as a
position. All spins must be of a different character (in IJS, they must have different abbreviations).

E. Steps:
The skaters have complete freedom to select the kinds of step sequences they intend to execute. Jumps may also be included in the step sequences; however, the step sequences must fully utilize the ice
surface. Step sequences that are too short and barely visible cannot be considered as meeting the requirements of a step sequence, but additional step sequences connecting the various elements are at the
discretion of the skater. Turns and steps must be balanced in their distribution throughout the sequence.

F. Moves in the field:
This is a sequence of movements, which must include such movements as turns, spirals, arabesques, spread eagles, Ina Bauers and flowing moves with strong edges, which can be connected with linking steps and footwork. Moves in the field will be judged as transitions rather than as separate elements.

G. Sequence of spirals:
Consists of spirals progressing in bold curves. Pattern may vary. Only the first three spirals will count toward level.

H. Illegal elements/moves:
Somersault-type jumps, lying on the ice, and prolonged and/or stationary kneeling on both knees on the ice at any moment are illegal.

Note: Rules concerning music; permissible time allowances for short programs and free skates; warm-up times and periods; coaching restrictions; clothing; competitor ethics; and filing complaints, appeals and protests are in the General Information Section starting with Rule 3001.


Level     

Test Requirements + age requirements, if any
Program Duration





No-Test
Must not have passed the Pre-Preliminary Free Skating Test.
No Basic Skills Members.

Skated on a half sheet of ice.

Required Elements – Loop jump, Jump combinations to include a Toe Loop (may not use a Loop or Axel), Solo spin - Sit or Camel, Spiral sequence – must include a forward and backward spiral. Additional spirals and balance moves such as Ina Bauers, spread eagles, lunges, and shoot the ducks may be included.





1:30





Pre-Preliminary
Must not have passed the Preliminary Free Skating Test. 

Will be skated on a half sheet of ice.

Required Elements – Flip jump, Jump combination Waltz jump/Toe Loop or Salachow/Toe Loop, Solo spin - Sit or Camel, Spiral sequence – must include a forward and backward spiral. Additional spirals and balance moves such as Ina Bauers, spread eagles, lunges, and shoot the ducks may be included.





1:30




Preliminary
Must have passed the Pre-Preliminary Free Skating Test, but not have passed the Pre-Juvenile Free Skating Test.

Required Elements – Lutz jump, Jump combination jump (may not use Lutz jump or Axel). Camel spin, Spiral sequence – must include a forward and backward spiral. Additional spirals and balance moves such as Ina Bauers, spread eagles, lunges, and shoot the ducks may be included.




1:30








Pre-Juvenile
Must have passed the Preliminary Free Skating Test, but not have passed the Juvenile Free Skating Test and be 12 years of age or under at the close of entries.

The referee and competition committee may elect to combine this event with the Open Pre-Juvenile event subject to limited entries. The competitors will be notified of any changes immediately following the close of entries.

Required Elements – Lutz jump, Combination jump consisting of two single jumps or double-single. Combination spin with no change of foot and one change of position, Additional spirals and balance moves such as Ina Bauers, spread eagles, lunges, and shoot the ducks may be included.








2:00
 
Open Pre Juvenile
Must have passed the Preliminary Free Skating Test, but not have passed the Juvenile Free Skating Test and be 13 years of age or older at the close of entries.
2:00






Juvenile
Skater may not have passed the Intermediate Free Skating Test.
Skater must be 12 years of age or under by the close of entries.

Will be skated on a full sheet of ice.

Required elements – Axel, Straight line sequence, Combination spin with one change of foot and one change of position, Combination jump consisting of a double-single or double-double. Additional spirals and balance moves such as Ina Bauers, spread eagles, lunges, and shoot the ducks may be included.






2:15






Open Juvenile
Skater may not have passed the Intermediate Free Skating Test.
Skater must have reached the age of 13 by the close of entries.

Skated on a full sheet of ice.

Required elements – Axel, Straight line sequence, Combination spin with one change of foot and one change of position, Combination jump consisting of a double-single or double-double. Additional spirals and balance moves such as Ina Bauers, spread eagles, lunges, and shoot the ducks may be included.






2:15
Intermediate
Must have passed the Juvenile Free Skating Test, but not have passed the Novice Free Skating Test. 2:00 max short
2:30 FS

Novice
Must have passed the Intermediate Free Skating Test, but not have passed the Novice Free Skating Test. Must be under 18 years old.
2:30 max short
3:00 Ladies FS
3:30 Men's FS

Junior
  
Must have passed the Novice Free Skating Test, but
not have passed the Senior Free Skating Test.
2:50 max short
3:30 Ladies FS
4:00 Men's FS

Senior

Must have passed the Junior Free Skating Test
2:50 max short
4:00 Ladies FS
4:30 Men's FS

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

USFS Competition Events Competition Requirements
PDF Singles Free Skating
         Pair Tests     PDF Pairs Events
         Short Dance & Free Dance Events
         Pattern Dance Events    Compulsory Dances
         Synchronized Team Skating Events
         National Showcase Events
PDF Theater On Ice Events
         Solo Dance Events    PDF Solo Dance Events
PDF Artistic Events
PDF Adult Events
PDF Connecting Moves
PDF Small Connecting Jumps
PDF Recognizing Turns
PDF Test Levels
         Well Balanced Free Skating Events
PDF Test Track Events
         Solo Dance Competitions
         Partnered Dance Events
   --- Subject to Changes ---
PDF Short Program Requirements
PDF Short Program Requirements - Synchro

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The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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