The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Transference of Training
An Important Concept is
Transferring Training to the next Generation of Learning
The transfer of
training deals with applying the knowledge, skills, and/or attitudes
that were learned to a new task or environment. It is only logical to
design the structure of learning to proceed in an orderly process of
introducing the skills, knowledge, and/or attitudes so that once they
are learned, they are available to apply to another learning situation.
Maximizing this concept increases the efficiency and effectiveness of
the training while reducing the amount of time required learn and
master skills or subject matter. This is simply a classic
application of "Don't Reinvent The Wheel".
The way learning one skill is presented can affect learning another skill. After learning a skill, it is necessary to regularly performing in order to retain it. The motivation of the learner is directly affected by their positive of negative attitude resulting from the experience. This will definitely determine their receptiveness in attempting to acquire subsequent new skills.
Positive Transfer - occurs when the two skills in question are similar in some way. Having already mastered one of the skills, the acquisition of the second skill should be both easier and occur more quickly. It is important to stress the similarities between the two skills and that the basics of the first skill are so well mastered that they transfer to the second skill without conflict.
Negative Transfer - occurs when the technical foundations of a skill conflicts with learning of the second skill. This more often happens when the concept of how both skills should be performed is presented in a way that is very different. This can occur when two different instructors approach to teaching the skills conflict. This situation is very confusing to the learner and requires making sure the athlete is aware of the differences and stressing why it is necessary to adopt your concept as part of a broad training program.
Acquistion of skills
Proactive Transfer - A skill learnt in the past affects a skill currently being taught
Retroactive Transfer - Learning a new skill affects a previously learned skill.
Stimulus Generalization - The transfer of previously learned skills to a new situation can sometimes be generalized when a specific response to another situation would cause a problem. For example, kicking a football with a holder and a the kicker dropping the ball that is kicked because the rules require two different methods.
Response Generalization - When a performer has well learned a skill they can begin to adapt the skill to vary it. An example is the pitcher in baseball can alter their gripe on the ball and their arm motion to affect the speed and flight of the ball (curve, slider, etc.)
Six categories of skill transfer are recognized:
The concepts of delivery elements and content types provide a wider platform for building learning programs. Listed below are five other considerations that are covered in detail at ISD at Warp Speed.
There are four learning design architectures:
These four architectures help expedite the learning process through various experiences:
The principal methods for presenting instructional content include:
Two effective approaches that help students to learn:
The combination of these design
considerations, allow the construction of a type of media described as
a Learning Framework. When
developing the plan for a learning program, think of a broader
framework than being a delivery system for content. It is extremely
important to demonstrate the relevance of applying the concepts
beyond what is presented in the course. In the real world there
will not be a teacher to consult with. Result assured that the boss
will expect results that work and the responsibility for a misdirected
conclusion might be a career ending mistake.
As a designer of a learning
program, it is imperative to start by thinking of the context the the
materials will be presented first, followed by how the components
support this goal.
The principle of training transfer should be applied to optimize exercise sessions:
Transfer of Learning Nov. 1, 2000 ... Transfer of training is effectively and continuing applying the knowledge, skills, and/or attitudes that were learned in a learning environment to another.
Games approach helps tennis players transfer skills learned in practice to matches Coaches create scenarios on the tennis court in which players have to use their technical skills in match/game situations, forcing them to make decisions that simulate the choices they will have to make in a match. These skills, called tactical skills, are the bridge between practice performance and match performance. Although the proper execution of technical skills is necessary for success, the tactical skills (i.e., the ability to make the appropriate decisions) are the key to having everything come together when it counts - in the match.
Defining and Classifying Skill in Sport Motor skills form the basis of all sports. Transfer of skills - The learning of one skill may help in the learning of another skill, sometimes in a different activity.
Transferable Skills The most commonly cited transferable skills for athletes are: 1. The ability to perform. 2, To achieve an efficient transfer of skills from sport to work.
University of Georgia Mental Toughness Program Transferability of skills from athletic arena to everyday life. Appreciation for the specialized needs of student athletes, coaches, and teams.
Commitment to Academics - Auburn University Student Athlete This course provides freshmen & transfer student athletes with a variety of Life Skills components necessary to maximize their educational success
Tutors : Home Instructors : Private Tutoring We have tutors in all academic subjects like Math, English, Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, and we tutor at your home or online tutoring.
Scripps College : Scripps College Tutoring Program The Dean of Students office sponsors a peer based Tutoring Program that ... offering a network of qualified tutors in a wide range of academic subjects at no extra ... and set up a mutually convenient time and location for your tutorial sessions. ...
FAQ - Tutoring Center - Fullerton College Academic Support Center After you fill out the Tutoring Request Form, the process of finding a qualified tutor begins. Most of the time we can help you find a tutor for any subject.
Tutor Hunt - Private Tutors & Personal Tutors For Home Tuition The Tutor Hunt network helps both tutors and students find each other. Search by level, subject and location, create your own tutor or student profile for free.
Prioritize an Athletes Education
Physical and Mental Training Considerations
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.