Skating Information & Resources

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San Diego Figure Skating Communications

Figure Skating Skills

Learn to figure skating in "Learn to Skate" group classes and transfer the skills to advanced classes
       Every beginning skater needs to acquire a basic foundation in fundamental skills. These beginning classes are designed to provide the essential skills that hockey and figure skaters need to acquire prior to taking additional classes to learn more advanced figure and hockey skating skills.  Topics that are generally included:
  • Learning how to ensure a properly fitted skate*
  • Learning to fall and get up without assistance.
  • To balance on two feet
  • Sculling forward
  • Stopping when going forward
  • Sculling backwards
  • Stopping when going backwards
  • Turning from forward to backwards on two feet
  • Turning from backwards to forward on two feet
  • Balancing on left foot and right foot
  • Stroking forward on left foot and right foot
  • Stroking backward on left foot and right foot
  • Gliding on forward outside edges on left and right foot
  • Gliding on forward inside edges on left and right foot
  • Gliding on backward outside edges on left and right foot
  • Gliding on backward inside edges on left and right foot
  • Mohawks forward to backwards clockwise and counterclockwise directions.
  • Stepping forward from backwards to forwards clockwise and counterclockwise directions.
*Note: beginning skaters may use either the rinks skate rentals and request either hockey of figure skates/

Teach Physical Education is a resource for physical educators and sport's coaches The following article summarizes the issues of transferable skills.

Positive Transfer

       This can occur when two skills are similar in some way. When an athlete has already mastered one of the skills, learning the second skill should be easier. Coaches aid in this positive transfer by ensuring the individual understands the similarities between the two skills and by making sure that the basics of the first skill are well learnt so that they transfer more easily into the second skill.

Negative Transfer

        This occurs when having mastered one skill, the athlete attempts to learn a second skill more difficult. This frequently happens when a common stimulus related to both skills requires a different response. Negative transfer can be avoided by making sure the athlete is aware of the differences and making practice sessions similar to competitive situations to ensure a larger, generalized motor program

       Transfer of skills can work both ways, in that when an athlete is currently learning a skill, it may affect a skill previously acquired, or a skill previously acquired may affect a skill currently in a learning phase -

Proactive Transfer
A skill previously acquired affects a skill currently being acquired or will be acquired in the future

Retroactive Transfer
 Learning a new skill affects a previously learned skill.

Stimulus Generalization
The transfer of previously mastered skills to a new situation can sometimes be generalized rather than specific to the situation.

Response Generalization
When an athletes has mastered a skill they may desire to adapt the skill to their specific needs/purposes. 

Six categories of skill transfer have been identified:

  1. Transfer between skills - such as all racket sports
  2. Practice to performance - transferring skills learnt in training to a competitive environment
  3. Abilities linked to skills - balance to perform a good landing in gymnastics
  4. Limb to limb (bilateral) - striking a football with the right or left foot
  5. Principle to skill - the principles of defensive play in rugby are similar to football
  6. Stages of learning - skills that are learnt in the cognitive phase will then be built upon in the associative phase
Source - Teach PE
Early Childhood Sports Specialization
       It makes no sense for most children to exclusively participate in or specialize in one sport at a very early age. Acquiring the basic fundamental skating skills is not a waste of time, effort, and money as these skills are transferable if and when your son or daughter decides to concentrate as a hockey, speed, or figure skater.

Student Athletes
       Each student athlete, may have developed a great many skills that they have not considered as being valuable on a college entry letter or as a job application.

       Whether you are beginning high school as a freshman or nearing graduation, Fresno State Career Services has prepare information that can help you be well-prepared for every step of your career planning.

       A career guidebook has been developed to help you get ready for different stages of your future career while still in college. We encourage you to carefully examine this guidebook to obtain helpful career information.

        PDF file Student Athlete Career Guidebook  includes topics such as:
       The following articles provide a variety of topics that may be helpful in answering questions of parents who have little or no previous experience actively participating in sports.

Recommended Reading:

Modifying Skater Behaviors

PDF Athletic Transferable Skills - Grandview Heights Discuss the origin and history of why athletic transferable skills (ATS) came about . Examine the realities of playing college and professional sports.

PDF TRANSFERABLE SKILLS IOC Athlete career program transferable skills. What is the purpose of the following fact sheet?

Transferable Skills What are the athletic skills that are transferable? What are some of the skills that are similar to those that employers are looking for? How can these skills help?

Athletic Transferable Skills for Life Success   Feb. 11, 2010 ... Athletic transferable skills are skills that you learn in sports that are invaluable beyond sports – including the classroom, your future career.

Athletic Transferable Skills for Sport and Life ...   April 27, 2011 ... Athletic transferable skills are skills learned through sports that can be applied to all areas of life — including the classroom and future careers.

Life After Sport: Athletic Career Transition and Transferable An examination of the literature focused on career retirement and transferable skills lead to the development of intervention recommendations for athletes.

From Sports to Career: Transferable Job Skills Teamwork, reliability, cooperation, endurance: habits athletes learn from sports are the very attributes employers want.


Technical Skating Descriptions:


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Learning Considerations
PDF  Attentional Focus
PDF  Spatial Disorientation
PDF  Effects of Mood on Performance
PDF  Confidence through Motivation
PDF  Transfer of Learning Issues

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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