The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Transfer of SkillsTransfer of Muscle Memory
When a movement is repeated over time, the muscles remember the specific muscle tasks that are associated. The process starts as short term memory and then is transfered to the brain and stored as long-term memory. This allows the brain to trigger the muscles to perform specific tasks without conscious effort. This process decreases the need for conscious attention and creates maximum efficiency within the motor and memory systems.
Most motor skills
are thought to be acquired through practice; however,
many individuals can learn skills just from their observation of
the skill being performed or demonstrated. The retention of
acquired motor skills are
stored in the brain as memory and can be accessed even if someone had
not performed these skills in an extended period of time.
The process of
storing memories in the brain is referred to as "muscle memory
encoding". Motor memory has two stages:
The stimuli sent to the
brain are encoded within milliseconds; however the long-term
consolidation of memories can take a few minutes, days, or even
years to become a stable memory that is more resistant
to change. Thus the importance of taking the time to reduce or
eliminate the acquistition of short term muscle errors. Once a error
has been assimulated into long term memory, the amount of time and
energy to replace the error in the subcouncious mind will have
quadrupled since the initial effort to acquire the skill.
Transfer of Knowledge and
Sometimes the ice rink's schedule
skater's availability are not ideal matches. The skater's
schedule can diminish the best practice/training conditions recommended
by test and competition coaches.
There also is a high rate of skill transfer between general exercising programs; however, higher level physical skills between dissimilar sports does not transfer, or if a transfer occurs it is marginal.
The principle of training transfer should be applied to optimize exercise sessions:
If your child is doing the assigned homework and you observe that he/she doesn't know how to explain the process of arriving at the answers, it is a good indication that there is a problem and a learning assessment is required.
Note: Most schools have specific criteria that triggers a professional assessment to occur at the districts expense. It is also possible to engage the services of a professional, but the expense
can be a deterrent. If a local college or university is nearby, make inquiries to see if they can
provide testing for free as part of classroom training.
A Learning Needs Assessment (LNA) helps parents, teachers, and students identify the status of the student's knowledge, skills and competencies. It also helps to establish where they should be so a set of learning goals can be established. The learning assessment can identify what will help to fill in the learning gaps, course content, schedules, etc..
A needs assessment requires providing answers to the following questions:
Recommendation for Tutoring
It can be tricky to suggest to a child that they can benefit from tutoring because of the stigma that occurs when peers make embarrassing comments causing the individual to become self conscious. It is very important to take the time to provide sufficient information so they understanding the reason for tutoring. Hopefully this allow the student to become comfortable with the idea. Success requires that the student buys into the process. A negative attitude will cause the effort to be counter productive.
Tutoring can occur at home in one to one sessions or at a business location using a classroom with small groups of fellow students. Finding a good tutor can prove to be difficult and frustrating experience; however, it is helpful to start a search by contacting the school counselor. They can steer you in the right directions, thus speeding up the search and resulting in multiple, viable options.
Aside from finding someone with the proper qualifications, the tutor must be someone whose personality will mesh well with the child. Start with a few trial lessons and don 't be pressured into signing a contract!
Professional Diagnosis and Solutions
Remember that physical problems, such as needing glasses and/or a hearing aid, may be at the root cause of the problem. Sometimes there may be serious information processing problems that require testing by a professional to recommend a plan to solve or mitigate the root problem.
Principles of Sports Training
Principles of Training Athletes
Developing Course Materials
Games approach helps tennis players transfer skills learned in practice to matches Coaches create scenarios on the tennis court in which players have to use their technical skills in match/game situations, forcing them to make decisions that simulate the choices they will have to make in a match. These skills, called tactical skills, are the bridge between practice performance and match performance. Although the proper execution of technical skills is necessary for success, the tactical skills (i.e., the ability to make the appropriate decisions) are the key to having everything come together when it counts - in the match.
Defining and Classifying Skill in Sport Motor skills form the basis of all sports. Transfer of skills - The learning of one skill may help in the learning of another skill, sometimes in a different activity.
Transferable Skills The most commonly cited transferable skills for athletes are: 1. Tthe ability to perform. 2, To achieve an efficient transfer of skills from sport to work.
University of Georgia Mental Toughness Program Transferability of skills from athletic arena to everyday life. Appreciation for the specialized needs of student athletes, coaches, and teams.
Commitment to Academics - Auburn University Student Athlete This course provides freshmen & transfer student athletes with a variety of Life Skills components necessary to maximize their educational success
Tutors : Home Instructors : Private Tutoring We have tutors in all academic subjects like Math, English, Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, and we tutor at your home or online tutoring.
Scripps College : Scripps College Tutoring Program The Dean of Students office sponsors a peer based Tutoring Program that ... offering a network of qualified tutors in a wide range of academic subjects at no extra ... and set up a mutually convenient time and location for your tutorial sessions. ...
FAQ - Tutoring Center - Fullerton College Academic Support Center After you fill out the Tutoring Request Form, the process of finding a qualified tutor begins. Most of the time we can help you find a tutor for any subject.
Tutor Hunt - Private Tutors & Personal Tutors For Home Tuition The Tutor Hunt network helps both tutors and students find each other. Search by level, subject and location, create your own tutor or student profile for free.
The System of Learning
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.