San Diego Figure Skating Communications
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Training Tasks Analysis
Analysis of Training Tasks
A task analysis is sometimes called an operations analysis. It is a process of systemically collecting information about what the learners need to know to perform a specific task(s), what and how they should be taught, plus the resources they need to perform at their optimal level.
In the planning model below, the steps are:
What Drives Performance?
The effectiveness of a task analysis is increased by focusing on what drives a performance. Depending on the activity various internal and external forces can be manipulated for better or worse. To understand the dynamics, focus on any positive, neutral, and negative factors:
This part of a training plan that is most difficult to define and describe either in theory and even more difficulty to convince an athlete to put into practice. However, this information may provide the key information to the coach and trainer as to what is working and what has not worked so changes can be made from one competitive season to the next,
Training volume calculations may meet the criteria and the purposes of the training plan, yet only the practical real life conditions can validate the concept.
A search of training literature yields an outline of goals based on the following generalizations:
The general thrust of every training plan may vary according to the emphasis and intensity of implementing specific points. The role of each athlete's diary of Daily Training Tasks (DDT) is to record the actual accomplishments that allows a coach to note and review any deviations from the planned training emphasis.
In a DTT diary, the user can use a printed list of scheduled daily activities for the training stage or phase. Details of the table's list should include such tasks as intensity, scheduled training time scheduled, and the actual time of the training that occurred. Allow room for comments. Similar lists of Mental, Technical, Tactical and Physical training tasks should be incorporated in the DTT diary.
Each coach/trainer can work with the individual to modify the planned training tasks to accommodate school, work, and family obligations.
A diary of DTT allows the calculation of the minutes per week that should be spent on each aspect of training. These will be ideal, or targeted training times. As the athlete fills out the planning part of the DTT, they may need to add or delete training activities due to conflicts that occur for specific time slots for each day. It is important to remain flexible and not cause unnecessary stress if it not possible to be i two places at the same time.
Ideally the information from the DDT logs should be transferred to a computer spreadsheet to keep a running total of each aspect. With newer technology it might become a real time database. This information provides the athlete and coach with an opportunity to compare the targeted times of the plan as training tasks are added to the weekly schedule. It is up to the athlete to allocate or schedule activities throughout the training week (micro cycle) using the general guidelines given above.
Task Analysis Tools: Various Approaches for Analyzing Tasks Feb. 21, 1999 ... In a traditional needs analysis, the analyst generates a list of tasks ... The tasks to be trained are then observed and are broken into task steps.Resources:
Task Analysis Jobs can best be understood as a series of tasks. A task is an action designed to contribute a specified end result to the accomplishment of an objective. It has an identifiable beginning and end that is a measurable component of the duties and responsibilities of a specific job. Although each job has a title, the actually work that is expected of that job can vary widely. Tasks are the means of describing a job in detail.
Then, if any of the tasks requires training, rather it be formal, on-the-job, job aids, etc., then a second analysis needs to be performed to outline the training objectives.
Developing A Training Plan
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.