Information & Resources
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
The Process of Learning
How is Information Communicated and Processed?
Sports generally involve a lot of physical demonstration, oral communications, and critiques that involve discussion of how a task should be performed and pointing out technical faults or errors. Coaches of young athletes must strive to make this experience fun and to fully involve everyone who attends an orientation program. It is desirable to break the large group into smaller numbers that an individual coaching assistant can handle.
There are three basic different learning styles that athletes share:
Some team sports will involve "White Board" talks about how specific positions are played and offensive and defensive strategies involved in playing team sports.
Teachers should not label students as specific kinds of learners. Individual learner seem to have preferred or favored input modes; however, all learners process information in more than one way, or style, and in real life it can be extremely important to be able to process information in a variety of ways.
There are two main learning styles, visual learning and auditory learning. Learners who prefer Kinesthetic or tactile learning modality, find it difficult to adapt to other learning styles.
Our system of public education is directed toward kinesthetic learning in sports, arts, and music. Learners who respond well to a kinesthetic approach may encounter various degrees of discomfort with written examinations/tests to measure student achievement and standardized grade status by subject matter. Written outcomes, favour verbal/auditory learning. In general, traaditional classroom learning programs do not encourage kinesthetic learners to access information through a "hands on" approach to learning activities that involve physical movement and touching even when this approach may enhance the learning experience of all learners.
Characteristics of kinesthetic learners
Students who have a strong kinesthetic learning style often:
In an average school class, as many as one third of students may be kinesthetic learners. This group of students is often labeled as under achieving because they are written off as increases in classroom numbers do not provide a curriculum that is designed to meet their learning requirement, thus they are unable to fulfill their potential.
that a significant
students referred for pull out programs for students classified as
requiring attention deficit disorder or hyperactivity intervention, are
kinesthetic learners who need more appropriate learning
structures to succeed. As teachers, we should be open to the
possibility that a program designed for kinesthetic learners may
alleviate some real
difficulties that some students encounter in our school systems.
approach to instruction closely
parallels the cooperative or collaborative teaching methods being used
in junior and senior high school classes.
Cooperative or Collaborative
The ideal number of students usually grouped together is clusters of 3 to 5. The larger the group size the more difficult it is to organize tasks, manage different skills, and reach a consensus.
Performance testing of students in an academic setting is very much the same as a gymnast or figure skater performing a program in front of judges to achieve the highest possible number of points. A classroom teacher uses a carefully designed scoring rubric to evaluate student performance. The details of the scoring is shared with the class, and students are informed as to what skills they will be expected to demonstrate their mastery. The method of the mastery might be discussed and how much time they will have to prepare for the test.
Most evaluations can be developed to fulfill either formative or summative assessment goal:
in a classroom
deals with problem solving,
communication, and national standards. A well designed performance
test will feature strong connections between different mathematical
topics, and to real world applications of those skills. Sports rarely
use this type of performance testing. Stop watches and tape measures
are very objective. Personal observation and judgment calls are
very subjective, thus the introduction of video replays in professional
Unfortunately in figure skating there is no set syllabus, teaching curriculum, and systematic teaching principles. Athletes rarely engage in the higher order thinking and analysis that we know is essential to become a good coach. Coaches should take the time to get their athletes to understand how the laws of physics impacts skating and how body dynamics developed in the skating of school figures apply to all other forms of free skating, MITF, and dance.Recommended Reading:
The four levels of communication includes INTRAPERSONAL; INTERPERSONAL; GROUP; PUBLIC.
CoachesInfo.com - information and education for coaches Coaches are responsible for maximizing individual athlete's performance by ... mode - that is, how athletes take in and process information or learning style. .... their verbal communication with written words, diagrams, visuals, and videotapes.
The-Coach-Athlete-Relationship - Communication Communication is the art of successfully sharing meaningful information with the athlete(s). The athlete may jump to a conclusion instead of working through the process of understanding the concepts being expressed.
Learning Environment WorkbookResources:
Formative and Summative Assessment in the Classroom When a comprehensive assessment program at the classroom level balances student achievement information derived from both summative and formative assessment.
Classroom Assessment | Basic Concepts Formative vs. Summative Assessments. Classroom assessments can include a wide range of options -- from recording anecdotal notes while observing behaviors.
Formative vs Summative Assessment - Enhancing Education - ... The goal of summative assessment is to measure the level of success or proficiency that has been obtained at the end of an instructional unit,
Educational Psychology Interactive: The Information Processing ... The major proposition is that learners utilize different levels of elaboration as they process information. This is done on a continuum from perception through processing.
A Primer: Diagnostic, Formative, & Summative Assessment In particular, the distinctions between diagnostic, formative, and summative assessment methods will be discussed.
Mayer's SOI model Learning occurs when the new information is placed in long-term memory. Role of the learner: receive and process information;
Learning Disabilities Most students affected by them have more than one kind. ... The way our brains process information is extremely complex.
PDF Using Students' Learning Styles to Provide Learning Style Inventory (LSI) looks at how learners perceive and process information while the Myers-Briggs Type. Indicator uses dichotomous scales ...
REACHING THE SECOND TIER: LEARNING AND TEACHING STYLES IN ...
The number of students in the second category might in fact be enough to prevent ... How does the student prefer to process information:
Learning Styles - Michigan Community College Virtual Learning ... Auditory learners tend to learn more effectively through listening, while visual learners process information by seeing it in print or other visual modes.
Information Processing Information Processing. When we deal with information, we do so in steps. ... useful insights into how to help learners acquire and retain information.
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.