The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
The ADDIE model of Systematic Learning
The ADDIE model is a generic, systematic, step-by-step framework used by instructional designers, developers, and trainers to achieve a level of professional course development that does not occur if the designer proceeds in a haphazard and unstructured way. The goal is to ensure that:
The generic ADDIE model, stands for -
Each step, stage or phase leads into the next. Designers depend on a process of receiving ongoing feedback from Focus Groups throughout all phases of the ADDIE model. This allows the designer to make make changes without delaying process to the next design stage.
Analysis phase - Define and develop a clear understanding of the learners needs, constraints, existing knowledge, skills, and desired outcome of the project.
Design Phase - Identify specific learning objectives, topic outcomes, content, presentation methods and media, learner exercises and assessment criteria to be used. There should be specific criteria of the knowledge level (prerequisite courses) the learner must have passed prior to registering for the course.
Development phase - The beginning of the production process of the materials to be used in the training.
Implementation phase - Field testing the materials by actually presenting and/or delivering the developed plan to a small sample of the intended learning audience.
Evaluation phase - Assess the effectiveness of the topic content and training materials utilized in the training program. Based on the feedback, revise prior to the next implementation or presentation.
Learning how to perform complex motor activities requires an individual to focus on developing a wide range of automatic muscle skills/responses in order to perform the technical aspects of performing complex jumps, spins, turns, edges, and other movements associated with each discipline of figure skating.
Research is being performed on the actual learning process in sports. To become more effective in teaching skating skills, coaches need to become familiar with the actual process an individual, of any age, must perform to acquire sets of motor skills.
Athletes in some sports (i.e. figure skating, gymnastics, diving. etc.) express the belief that they receive the maximum benefit from private instruction rather then from group instruction. This is interesting since the vast majority of classroom education from elementary school to post graduate seminars is delivered in a group setting. Most team and individual sports (football, track and field, tennis, swimming, etc. in high school and college are taught in groups as opposed to an exclusive individual/personal coaching environment.
There also seems to be a widely shared opinion that top skaters excel in multi-tasking, especially as the sport has moved towards emphasizing the presentation aspect as a necessary quality to succeed in international competitions. Refer to Multi-tasking in Sports
Systematic learning is based on a system perspective. The concept requires understanding the applying previously acquired skill sets to the acquisition of nw skills. This avoids the considerable waste of time from approaching the acquisition new skills from a zero perspective. Note: sometimes that are conflicting thoughts about how the process should be conducted. This should have been confronted in the very early stages of the course's instructional design.
PDF Systematic Learning Process Instructional design, starting with the Systematic Learning Process, or PAF. We consider PAF so fundamental, that it is presented in all of our programs.
Training and Development: Systematic Learning
May 9, 2012 ... Part 1 in a series of lessons learned in the training process.
Systematically increasing contextual interference Systematically increasing contextual interference is beneficial for learning sport skills. Porter JM, Magill RA. Department of Kinesiology, Southern Illinois
Functional Path Training: Systematic Sport Development It is learning to tune into the body and it's inherent wisdom to produce rhythmic ... Systematic Sport Development Model of training and injury rehabilitation.
PDF A Systematic Observation of Youth Amateur The analysis of the coaching behaviors in sport settings will provide help to recognize, in particular, how the coach facilitates learning for the athlete.
A systematic review of how theories explain learning What do we want to know? Behavior management has been the focus of considerable research, publication and professional development
Ambidexterity - Two Things At Once - Southpaw Ambidextrous It is the ability to use both your hands with equal ease or facility. It is quite advantageous in certain sports and martial arts to be able to use both sides of your body equally.
Chapters Learning Table of Contents -
The Learning Process and Skill Development
Skill Development Environment
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.