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Student Health Care Services

Health Care for Students
       Educational communities have supported the development and operation of health care programs to  serve students who become sick or injured while attending school and participating recreation and sports programs.  Progress in providing these facilities has been slow in high schools, but almost universally has been adopted by colleges and universities.

The National Training Center is a 300-acre sports, health, fitness and education campus
in Florida which is unique throughout the world. The NTC unites world-class sports and
athletic facilities with a hospital, medical office buildings, community college and four-year University. A full array of physicians, medical specialists, nurses, athletic trainers, physical therapists, exercise physiologists, exercise specialists, personal trainers, coaches, and instructors create a winning team for the individuals who work-out and train here.

   
       Both private and public supported educational institutions discuss the health care services available at their institution's web site.

"School nursing is a specialized practice of professional nursing that advances the well being, academic success, and lifelong achievement of students.  To that end, school nurses facilitate positive student responses to normal development; promote health and safety; intervene with actual and potential health problems; provide case management services; and actively collaborate with others to build student and family capacity for adaptation, self-management, self-advocacy and learning."


The ins and outs of school nursing  

       Without a doubt, school nurses are on the front line of pediatric health in elementary through high schools all across America. However, the stereotype that school nurses only distribute children's aspirin, bandage school yard scrapes, and watch over anyone lying down with a headache is largely misguided.

    Among the duties* of a school nurse are:
  • They provide physical and emotional health services, including acute and urgent care in response to illness and injury.
  • They monitor chronic diseases and counsel students and parents regarding condition management.
  • They provide health education for individuals and classrooms, health assessments (vision, hearing, height/weight, scoliosis, etc.), and referrals to primary health care providers and emergency rooms.
  • They also communicate with school staff, parents, and health care providers related to individual student needs,
       On the administrative side, nurses review immunizations and maintain students' medical histories.

       * Source Linda Davis- Alldritt, R.N., M.A., P.H.N., F.N.A.S.N., F.A.S.H.A., the president-elect of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN).

Health services for high school students goes beyond the typical role of a school nurse.  School nurse practitioner Juanita Hogan is committed to treating the whole child
 
Health Care and Student Health Services
       The following information describes a typical college or university health care program:

       All full-time students pay a student health fee each term to cover a variety of services at the Student Health Service Building. The Student Health Service is a multi-service health care facility that offers outpatient clinical services, gynecology, and comprehensive health education programs.

       The College or University Pharmacy offers "over-the-counter" and prescription medicines, often at lower prices than available elsewhere.

       Students should have health insurance to protect themselves in the event of illness or injury. A direct- pay medical insurance plan is available to students through College or University health plans. These plans are designed to provide insurance benefits for services not offered at the Student Health Service as well as for hospitalization and emergency care. Applications and product information normally are available through the Student Health Service.

College and University Student Unions
       The Student Union serves as the focal point for campus activities, student organizations, and the Division of Student Affairs. The union features a recreation center, videogame center, dining service, information service, art gallery, dance studio, lounges, meeting rooms, student organization offices, ticket office, dining rooms, and several multi-use spaces for programs.

Athletic Programs
  
       The University offers a variety of opportunities for students to participate in athletics on the varsity, intramural, and club levels, as well as on-campus facilities for group sports and individual exercise.

Varsity Sports

       Each University offers sports for men (usually including baseball, basketball, cross country, diving, football, soccer, softball, swimming, indoor and outdoor track, and wrestling) and sports for women (usually including basketball, cross country, diving, gymnastics, soccer, swimming, tennis, indoor and outdoor track, and volleyball) at the varsity level as well as cheer leading activities. For more information about these sports and contact numbers for varsity coaches or visit the University's Web site.

Intramural and Club Sports
       Check for more information or visit the college or university's intramural programs listed on their Web site.

       Sports clubs offer participation in sports ranging from bowling to rowing. Contact the Student Organization Resource at the Student Union for more information on sports clubs or visit their Web site.

Sports Facilities
       Each university will have a variety of sports facilities available for use by individuals and groups. Fitness centers are available in the Student Recreation Center and Gymnasiums.

Athletic Medicine
The student athletes at a university receive the highest quality health care available by the university's Athletic Medicine Staff. Athletic medicine is a unit of the university's Center for Health and Wellbeing (CHWB) and provides specialized care for the university's varsity intercollegiate athletes.

It is critical to have a trained team of experts to treat a wide variety of problems. The department of Athletic Medicine works cooperatively with the team physician and other clinicians and health care professionals to provide the most current preventative education, medical care, treatment and rehabilitation for injuries and illnesses incurred by the student athlete.

Student athletes may benefit from the affiliation with a University Hospital that has a department of Athletic Medicine with orthopedic specialists to provide world class orthopedic medical and surgical care for Vermont student athletes.

The athletic medicine staff is comprised of full-time certified athletic trainers. This staff maintains full service athletic training rooms at the Gymnasium and Fieldhouse. All of the athletic trainers are certified by the National Athletic Trainers Association Board of Certification (NATABOC) and are licensed by the state. The staff also serves as approved clinical instructors in the CAATE accredited undergraduate athletic training program, housed in university's Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Science. Athletic Training students enhance the care given to the student athletes by completing clinical experience in athletic training rooms, as well as many other area locations, in addition to their full academic course load.

The university rehabilitation center offers inpatient and outpatient services, helping patients return to their highest level of functioning following illnesses, chronic conditions and orthopedic or athletic related injuries.

Physical Therapy
       The terms physical therapy and physiotherapy are synonymous and can be used interchangeably. The term physical therapy seems to be more widely used in the United States.

The Department of Recreational Sports

Group Fitness and Indoor Cycling Instructor Training Programs

Some universities have fitness programs that offers Instructor Training for individuals with a passion for fitness, and a dedication for helping others. The Instructor Training program consists of 40+ initial hours of formal classroom and studio training followed by a 4 week internship experience while co-teaching with a veteran instructor.
 
Typical Training Classes include:
  • Group Fitness Classes
  • Water Aerobics Classes
  • Indoor Cycling Classes
  • Indoor Rock Climbing Classes
  • Winter Golf Lessons         
Recommended Reading:

Injury Prevention Tips - Source Healthcare Providers Resources Toolkit

 
References:
Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:


Fitness Training Plans
Fitness Exercises
Fitness Components For All Ages
Exercising
Exercise Programs
Firehouse Fitness
Benefits of General Physical Preparedness
Fitness for Sports & Life Activities
Fitness Program Components
PDF  Sports Medicine Links

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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