Information & Resources
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
Stress and Anxiety
Experienced by Athletes
Everyone Experiences different Stress Levels
Stress is a normal part of any learning and performing activity. Many learners attempt to deal with stress in ways that are counter-productive or even self defeating because their behavior and attitudes tend to diminish their performance rather than enhance it.
This article contains information and tips on how to effectively reduce your stress by preparing for taking tests and enter competitions. The stress of preparation cannot be eliminated, but it can be managed, through relaxation exercises and various stress busters. Some guidelines to try include:
Try to stay on a regular daily schedule - don't attempt to cram just prior to testing or competing.
Eat a well balanced healthy diet.
Do not smoke or use drugs, alcohol, etc.
Insure that you have a regular sleep schedule, especially if traveling across time zones is involved.
major sources of stress reported in individuals and coaches in amateur
and professional sports
There is a difference between stress and
anxiety. Stress exists when
a perceived situation and abilities to handle the perceived situation
are not equal.
To modify an individuals reaction to stress and anxiety requires changes in two main categories:
Stress and anxiety management must include a plan to:
Stress and Anxiety
Stress and anxiety definitions and measurements. ... 'An emotional state, similar to fear, associated with arousal and ... Examples are Martens Sports Competition Anxiety Test (SCAT) and Speilbergers State Trait Anxiety Inventory
Measuring an athletes levels of stress can be achieved in three ways:
Self-report questionnaires: Easy to complete although can be open to inaccurate responses. Examples are Martens Sports Competition Anxiety Test (SCAT) and Speilbergers State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)
Physiological Measurements: Measuring physiological responses to a situation can indicate a stress response. Measurements such as heart rate, sweating, muscle tension and oxygen uptake can be used although this can involve expensive, bulky equipment
Observation: Viewing an athletes behavior before, during and after an event can provide much information about their stress response. Clues to watch out for include shaking, talking fast, frequent toilet visits, biting the nails, and an inability to stay still.Recommended Reading:
Stress and Anxiety | The Sport Digest Some athletes have to overcome the fear and anxiety associated with returning to sports. “The major sources of stress that have been reported by sports performers include fear of failure, concerns about social evaluation by others (particularly the coach), lack of readiness to perform, and a loss of internal control over one’s environment.
Stress and Anxiety in Athletics | The Sport Digest
The Sport Digest - ISSN: 1558-6448. Navigation ... Stress and Anxiety in Athletics ... All athletic trainers should be concerned with how stress and anxiety affect their athletes. ... The stress model demonstrates what factors affect stress in sport.
PDF Stress and anxiety in sport comments of participants in sport themselves. Arousal and performance. The longest standing approach to the relationship between stress, anxiety andReferences:
performance in sport is probably the inverted-U hypothesis, derived from the work of Yerkes and Dodson.
The Sports Environment
Learn More About:
Is Your Stress IQ Hurting Your Performance? by Dr. Mick G. Mack
Jitter Bug: Overcoming the First Tee (golf) by Patrick J. Cohn
Pass or Fail: Learning How to Make the Grade (golf) by Patrick J. Cohn
Preventing "Choking" and Downward Performance Cycles by Dr. Robert M. Nideffer
A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Anxiety in Athletes by Tom Ferraro, Ph.D.
Q-School Pressure Takes Mental Toughness (golf) by Patrick J. Cohn
Shooting Low Means Beating Fear (golf) by Patrick J. Cohn
Stress, Anxiety and Energy Follow the down arrow (at page top and bottom) for continued discussion.
Relationship Between Anxiety and Performance: A Cognitive-Behavioral
by Miguel Humara, M.A.
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.