San Diego Figure Skating Communications
Strategies of Sports Training
Introduction to a Sports Training Program
This paper will not deal with the specifics of technical training a coach provides. There are considerable difference between general classifications of sport that require discussion of body contact team (football) and individual (boxing) sports and those that involve the evaluation of individual performances (swimming, track and field, etc.).
The goal of this workshop is to provide skaters and parents with universal guidelines to separate the well intended advice from those with little factual basis to form recommendations compared to recommendations provided by individuals with the proper academic credentials to be certified by the National Athletic Trainers' Association, the American Council on Exercise (ACE), or National Aerobics & Fitness Trainers Association (NAFTA).
The need for a well nourished body and mind without contamination of illegal drugs and supplements should be obvious. Nutrition is extremely important for the developing bodies. The following topics should be considered in meal planning for the entire family:
Dietary changes may take 6 months to completely reverse years of poor eating habits. The first and most important step of training is to consistently consume enough energy and nutrients to support the body's energy and nutrient requirements. Failure inevitably results to a poor outcomes when experiencing competition stress. Attempting to change just before the competition is just wishful thinking.
The amounts and timing of consuming food and fluids should insure that muscles have enough energy and nutrients for growth and increasing physical strength during training sessions. The alternative is use stored body energy reserves because the athlete hasn't eaten enough. Getting enough nutrition on time isn't easy to accomplish because most athletes have terribly hectic schedules. It requires anticipation and planning to create a balanced schedule, for all of the daily activities, to ensure food is consumed when it's needed. Inhaling a burger and milkshake does not a realistic way consume nutrition. This should be a relaxing experience.
Affect of Sleep on our Bodies
Getting the proper amount of sleep is as important as the athletes diet and training. Irregular hours to initiate sleep and arise fully rested are factors resulting in sleep deprivation.
A comprehensive training program for athletes from the age of 7 can be safely used develop a strong musculoskeletal system that can help them improve their health and fitness and also withstand the rigors of sport participation; however, such a program should be a medically approved and supervised. In young growing athletes, there is a high possibility for over doing a good thing and causing injury to developing growth points.
Altitude Affects Our Bodies
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.