San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Strategies for Training
Strategic Thinking can Provide a Competitive Advantage
Most people plan for the future; however, some individuals are more proficient than others in making these crucial decisions. Fewer people venture beyond traditional strategic planning methods and attempt to develop concepts using superior strategies and plans that provide a clear road map of anticipating a multitude of options that can allow you to acquire control and be responsible for your own destiny.
Examples of business application of Strategic Thinking:
Assess External & Internal Conditions (SWOT Analysis)
Decisions are rarely made in an isolated environment. It is more likely to be able to influence or control internal inputs and stimuli. It is must less likely that any individual can expect to influence or control external inputs and stimuli such as weather/climate.
Training and development requires a well conceived plan with an action provision to implement it so success can be achieved. The strategy that embodies the plan requires vision, focus, direction, and an action planning document. A training strategy is a document that provides a mechanism to achieve the level of competency, outlined in the training plan, that is required in the immediate, near, and distant future to achieve specific levels of success.
Outline the Components of your Strategic Planning:
Athletes, with the assistance of a professional sports psychologist and coach, can develop an individualized plan to enhance the mental and emotional environment to maximize practice and competitive performances. Such a mental training plan should be constructed using proven strategies that have helped athletes of all ages and abilities acquire the skills necessary to perform consistently well in competition.
Whether you are a
developing athlete, elite competitive performer, or professional, there
training strategies that can used to boost individual and team
performance, plus help in the
development of the mental toughness that are necessary in the pursuit
of the aspirations in competitive, recreational, or fitness situations
is both in practice and competition..
Start by looking at your
strengths and weaknesses as an athlete
All one-on-one sports psychology programs include:
Think like a coach and trainer and learn the mental game skills that are commonly shared by champions in any sport.
Every athlete looking to improve their performance must learn to:
It is human to make mistakes. Even
the greatest athletes
fall short of their goals. After a poor performance or loss, athletes
may initially feel disappointed in response to a poor performance or a
loss. However, if athletes do not view it as a personal disaster or an
indication of personal incompetence, a poor performance or a loss can
teach athletes a valuable lesson.
2nd: Identify Aspects Of The Performance That Are Controllable
When athletes expect to do well and do poorly instead, it is very important to determine whether the reasons for the loss are controllable or not. For example, two volleyball players were asked why they performed so poorly. One player commented: we could not play well because we did not play as a team and we made too many errors on serve reception.
The second player felt that the audiences were too loud and the opponents were too strong. Only two of these four factors are directly under the athlete's control. According to theory, effort and mental preparation are factors that are controllable, while factors such as style or skill level of the opponents; playing conditions or environment are things that athletes can not control. It is obvious that service reception techniques can be improved by daily practice and 6 players on the court can work as one by setting common goals and obtaining a better understanding each other.
Studies show that those athletes who view their effort and performance as main contributions to their outcome can do better in the future than those who attribute luck or other external factors to a poor performance. So when examining the reasons for a poor performance or an unexpected lose, attention should be focused on the factors that are controllable.
3rd: Examine Competition Goals
There are two types of goals in sport. One is focused on the outcome or the result of the competition. To beat the opposing team or to win a race are the examples of those goals. Studies in sport psychology have indicated that setting outcome goals alone does not enhance motivation or performance. Focusing only on the end product distracts the athlete's attention from the task at hand.
In addition, outcome goals are frequently out of the athlete's direct control. Research indicates that athletes' goals should be based on the process. Examples of process goals are improving one's percentage of passing accuracy to a target or serving the ball to a certain area of the opponent's court. Process oriented goals are more effective, because they can help athletes to concentrate on each play or action. Athletes know exactly what they need to do in order to be successful without worrying about the outcome.
So, after a poor performance or an unexpected loss, athletes need to determine if their goals for the previous competition were properly set on the performance. An old Chinese proverb states "A thousand miles' journey depends on each single step." In other words, one by one process goals can lead to a successful season.
In summary, an unexpected poor
performance or loss need not
negative impact. Athletes who apply proper strategies and draw positive
things from such outcomes will gain insight, control and motivation
from the experience.
Gill, Diane L., (1986). Psychological Dynamics of Sport. Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc. Champaign, Illinois.
Goldberg, S. Alan., (1998). Sports Slump Busting: 10 Steps to Mental Toughness and Peak Performance. Champaign, IL
Human Kinetics Moran, Aidan P.,
(1996). The Psychology of
Concentration in Sport performers - A Cognitive Analysis.
Press, Taylor & Francis. UK
Management Strategies in Athletic Training - 3E Athletic Training Education Series by Richard Ray An excellent resource for athletic trainers who want comprehensive knowledge of management theory and practice. The book's organization strategies can also be applied beyond athletic training to a variety of fields related to sports medicine.References:
The Sports Environment
Elite Skaters PDF IJS Handbook
Beginning and Test Skaters
Physical and Mental Training Considerations
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.