Sports Issues

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Sports Role in Society -
Issues and Solutions

The goal of every athlete is to be successful
     
The measure of success in sports can vary from "being the best they can be" to "winning is all important and anything less is unacceptable!" Success is academics can be graduating from high school, college, or earning an advanced degree. Many individuals feel the status of the school is a way to measure success by gaining admission and/or earning a scholarship.

      Every parent who dreams of their child becoming successful in an amateur sport so they can receive a sports scholarship to play for a prestigious college or university or win a world or Olympic title should purchase the book titled 
Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies. by Jay J. Coakley.  This book is the definitive text for most college courses in sport sociology.

      Jay Coakley is Professor of Sociology at the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs. He received his Ph.D and M.A. from the University of Notre Dame in Sociology and received his B.A. from Regis College. He is published in a wide range of journals and has edited several books including the  Handbook of Sports Studies with Eric Dunning for Sage Publications 2000.

      The author uses an issues oriented approach to study the role of sport in society, this textbook discusses current sports related controversies in sixteen chapters from the perspective of how sociologists review actions and relationships in the social contexts in which people live their lives and psychologists study behavior in terms of attributes and processes that exist inside individuals.

      Is there a relationship between social problems that occur within society and in subcultures emphasizing sports, physical fittness/wellness, and physical appearances? What is meant by the sociology of sport?  Why is examining this topic sociologically significant?

      There are different theoretical approaches to the study of sports which views sports as a reflection of other social institutions and social practices.

      Sports can be studied as a phenomenon that is both a reflection of dominant social structures, processes and norms, each which have different values, ideologies, and meanings that are constantly being promoted, challenged, and modified.

      There are substantive topics which include social inequality, violence and exploitation, social control, pain and injury, media, bioethics, sport for development, and globalization.

      The examination of these issues is designed stimulate critical thinking skills so readers can think of how sociology and physiology plays a vital role in sports and the relationship of sports in social issues confronting society.


PowerPoint Presentations:

PPT Sports in Society - Issues & Controversies   Chapter 1. The Sociology of Sport: What Is It and Why Study It? Sports Are Social Phenomena.

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies    Chapter 2. Using Social Theories: How Can They Help Us Study. Sports in Society? Theoretical Perspectives.

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies    Chapter 3.  A Look at the Past: Does It Help Us Understand Sports Today?

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies    Chapter 4Sports and Socialization : Who Plays and What Happens to Them?

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies    Chapter 5Sports and Children: Are Organized Programs Worth the Effort? Origins of Organized Youth Sports.

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 6. Deviance in Sports: Is It Out of Control?

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 7. Violence in Sports: How Does Affect Our Lives ?

PPT Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies   Chapter 8.  Gender and Sports: Does Equity Require Ideological Changes? Participation and Equity Issues.

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 9.  Race and Ethnicity: Are They Important in Sports? Defining Race & Ethnicity.

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 10.  Social Class: Issues & Controversies in Australia and New Zealand.

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies  Chapter 11.  One goal is to make money; Another goal is to sponsor enjoyment and pleasure.

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 12.  Sports and the Media: Could They Survive Without Each Other?

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 13Sports Policy in Australia and New Zealand.   The Canadian Sport Policy presents a powerful vision for sport in Canada. Integrity Policy
United States Olympic Committee's Behavior Policies.

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies  Chapter 14Sports in High School and College: Do Varsity Sports Programs. Contribute to Education?

PPT Sports in society: Issues & Controversies  Chapter 15Sports and religion: Is it is promising combination?

PPT Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 16.  Sports in the Future: Are We Agents of Change? The future is created rather than predicted.

Portable Document Formatted Documents

PDF Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 1.  The Sociology of Sport. What Is It and Why Study It? Sports Are Social Phenomena.

PDF  Sport in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 2.  Using Social Theories: How Can They Help Us Study. Sports in Society? Theoretical Perspectives

PDF Sport in Society: Issues & Controversies  Chapter 3A Look at the Past: Does It Help Us Understand Sports Today?

PDF Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies    Chapter 4. Sports and Socialization: Who Plays and What Happens to Them?

PDF Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 5.  Sports and Children: Are Organized Programs Worth the Effort? Origins of Organized Youth Sports

PDF Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 6.  Deviance in Sports: Is It Out of Control?

PDF  Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 7. Violence in Sports: How Does it Affect Our Lives ?    

PDF Sport in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 8. Gender and Sports Title IX requires compliance with one of three tests.

PDF Sport in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 9.  Race and Ethnicity: Are They Important in Sports? Defining Race & Ethnicity.

PDF Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies  Chapter 10.  Social Class: Do Money and Power Matter in Sports?

PDF Sport in Society: Issues & Controversies  Chapter 11.  One goal is to make money; Another goal is to sponsor enjoyment and pleasure.

PDF Sport in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 12.  Sports and the Media: Could They Survive Without Each Other?

PDF Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 13Sports and Politics: How Do Governments and Global Processes Influence Sports?

PDF Sport in Society: Issues & Controversies  Chapter 14Sports in High School and College: Do Varsity Sport Programs. Contribute to Education?

PDF Sports in Society: Issues & Controversies   Chapter 15Sports and Religion:  Is it is promising combination?

PDF  Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies  Chapter 16Sports in the Future: Are We Agents of Change?

Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies student edition

     After reading each chapter, the readers should be able to answer the following questions:

Chapters                              Discussion Questions
  1. The Sociology of Sport: What is it and why study it?
  2. Using Social Theories: How can they help us study sports in society?
  3. Studying the Past: Does it help us understand sports today?
  4. Sports and Socialization: Who plays and what happens to them?
  5. Sports and Children: Are organized programs worth the effort?
  6. Deviance in Sports: Is it out of your control?
  7. Violence in Sports: How does it affect our lives?
  8. Gender and Sports: Does equity require ideological changes?
  9. Race and Ethnicity: Are They Important in Sports?
  10. Social Class: Do Money and Power Matter in Sports?
  11. Sports and the Economy: What Are the Characteristics of Commercial Sports?
  12. Sports and the Media: Could They Survive Without Each Other?
  13. Sports and Politics: How Do Governments and Globalization Influence Sports?
  14. Sports in High School and College: Do Varsity Sport Programs Contribute to Education?
  15. Sports and Religion: Is It a Promising Combination?
  16. Sports in the Future: What Can We Expect?
      The following are Quiz Questions for each chapter:

Chapters                              Quiz True/False Questions
  1. Quiz - The Sociology of Sport: What is it and why study it?
  2. Quiz - Using Social Theories: How can they help us study sports in society?
  3. Quiz - Studying the Past: Does it help us understand sports today?
  4. Quiz - Sports and Socialization: Who plays and what happens to them?
  5. Quiz - Sports and Children: Are organized programs worth the effort?
  6. Quiz - Deviance in Sports: Is it out of your control?
  7. Quiz - Violence in Sports: How does it affect our lives?
  8. Quiz - Gender and Sports: Does equity require ideological changes?
  9. Quiz - Race and Ethnicity: Are They Important in Sports?
  10. Quiz - Social Class: Do Money and Power Matter in Sports?
  11. Quiz - Sports and the Economy: What Are the Characteristics of Commercial Sports?
  12. Quiz - Sports and the Media: Could They Survive Without Each Other?
  13. Quiz - Sports and Politics: How Do Governments and Globalization Influence Sports?
  14. Quiz - Sports in High School and College: Do Varsity Sport Programs Contribute to Education?
  15. Quiz - Sports and Religion: Is It a Promising Combination?
  16. Quiz - Sports in the Future: What Can We Expect?
Additional Resources -
Full Table of Contents (726.0K)

PhEd 4217: Class Notes - Homepage of R.R. Danielson

TEXTBOOK: Coakley, J., & Donnelly, P. (2009), Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies: Second Canadian Edition, Toronto: McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 0-07-097184-6. Textbook list price: $102.95

Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies by   Jay Coakley  Used textbooks  TextBooks.com

GOALS/OBJECTIVES OF COURSE: To familiarize the student with sociocultural and socio-
psychological issues associated with the place of sport in North American society. Since material in this course deals with sociological issues subject to frequent change, the student should be able to identify contemporary societal positions on these issues. The student should be able to provide well informed and constructive presentations of this material. Finally, the student should be able to provide theoretical and empirical answers to questions covered in the course.

     The notes for the following textbook are presented as a convenience, NOT as a replacement for the book.  For full information about any points referred to in the notes, go to the original textbook source. Also note that the pages are based on the First Canadian Edition - not the Second Canadian Edition, which was published in 2009. 
Recommended Reading:
  • Giulianotti, R. (2004). Sport and Modern Social Theorists. London: Palgrave/Macmillan.  This is an innovative and exciting collection, the contributions of major social theorists towards our critical understanding of modern sport.    PDF Resource guide to the sport and sociological theory
  • Robert E. Washington and David Karen. August 2001. Annual Review of Sociology Vol. 27: 187-212
Abstact 
Despite its economic and cultural centrality, sport is a relatively neglected and undertheorized area of sociological research. In this review, as sociologists we examine sports' articulation with stratification issues, especially race, class, and gender. In addition, we look at how the media and processes of globalization have affected sports.

We suggest that sports and cultural sociologists need to more closely examine how leisure products and practices are produced and distributed and how they intersect with educational, political, and cultural institutions. The work of Bourdieu and the new institutionalism will provide the foundation for future research.
Abstract
The study of socialization in sport sociology has been heavily influenced by structural-functional perspectives. Recently, Ralph Turner proposed a theoretical framework, based on a "much circumscribed functionalism," for integrating diverse and historically important approaches to the individual in society.

This framework is proposed here as a point of departure for the integration and advancement of sport socialization analysis and research. After a brief review of recent contributions to the study of socialization in sport sociology and sociology in general, the major elements and insights of Turner's theoretical integration are discussed.

From Turner's work and other recent theoretical contributions to the study of socializing processes in sport and society, it can be concluded that these processes should be conceptualized as ongoing and "recursive." Furthermore, it is proposed that to understand the relationship between the individual and society in socialization processes, it is necessary to understand how individuals contend, as active agents, with the social and cultural constraints of the immediate situations, enduring social structures, and larger sociocultural contexts in which they act and interact.
Abstract
Sports buffs know all about famous players and coaches and can recite statistics in endless detail. But do fans know how sport is linked to other institutions of society? Do they understand the role of sport in socializing youngsters in both positive and negative ways? Do they know that racism continues in sport? What about the ways in which sport perpetuates gender-role stereotypes in society? How do owners, coaches, and other sport authorities exercise power to maintain control over athletes?

These issues and more are examined in this selection of accessible writings by journalists and scholars who represent a new era of critical appraisal of sports - both professional and amateur. The essays transcend many prevalent stereotypes and myths; they also yield fascinating and important insights into the nature of society. Twenty-one articles presented here are new to the eighth edition, reflecting the latest trends and analysis, including overzealous competition, the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the role of media, and the influence of money in both professional and school athletics. This edition is essential reading in courses on sociology of sport and on the foundations of physical education.
 
References:

Sport in Society: Power of Sports in Society Northwestern University Aug. 7, 2008  Besides these positive and well known effects of sports on people and society, sports play very important roles in social change in many areas.

The Effects Of Sports On Children  June 15, 2011 The Effects Of Sports On Children. Sports are such a large part of society today, and many children grow up watching and participating in sports.

Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition  JISSN focuses on the acute and chronic effects of sports nutrition  Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2011, 8:24 (16 Dec. 2011)

PDF Sports and Society Facilitator Notes  Do sports reflect the deterioration in values in society? Is the commercialization of sports a good or bad thing? What are some of its effects?

Developing A Training Plan

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
  
      
      
Sports Information
PDF  Off Ice Training Guides

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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