Programs Designed to
Retain Figure Skaters


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San Diego Figure Skating Communications
  
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Sports Activity Schedules

   It is impossible for any athlete to maintain a training schedule that requires maintaining a peak level of performance for extended periods of time.  The body is not equipped to endure the physical, mental, and emotional stresses of such a training regime without suffering a loss of performance described as extreme fatigue, "Burning Out" or a total collapse.

  The usual practice recommended by sports trainers is to take time off after the end of the competitive season to recover physically, recharge mentally, and reset emotions to less intense levels. This is referred to as periodization, or cycle training in the sports literature. It is an essential concept of training that prevents the  athlete from over loading and their complete discontinuation of involvement in the sport.

General Adaptation Syndrome represents a three-stage reaction to stress.
Stage 1: alarm reaction (ar) stage
    The first stage of the general adaptation stage is the alarm reaction. This is body's immediate reaction to a stressor. Sometimes referred to as a "fight or flight" response, which stimulates the body for physical activity. This initial response also can cause a long term decrease in the effectiveness of the immune system, making an individual more susceptible to illness during this phase.

Stage 2: resistance (sr) stage
     Stage 2 is referred to as a stage of resistant, but it also can be referred to as a stage of adaptation. During this phase, if the stress continues, the body make adjustments to the stressors it is exposed to. The body's changes occur at different levels to reduce the effect of the stressor. For example, if the stressor is extremely low levels of caloric intake, the person would experience a reduced desire for physical activity to conserve energy, and maximize the utilization of existing nutrients.

Stage 3: exhaustion (se) stage
    At this stage, the stress has continued for an extended period of time. The body's ability to resist the stress may gradually reduce, or a quick collapse may occur. Generally, this means the immune system, and the body's ability to resist disease, may be almost totally eliminated. Patients who experience long-term stress may succumb to heart attacks or severe infection due to their reduced immunity. For example, a person with a stressful job may experience long-term stress that might lead to high blood pressure and an eventual heart attack.

Can Stress be a Positive Response?
    The reader should note that Dr. Selye did not regard stress as a purely negative phenomenon; in fact, he frequently pointed out that stress is not only an inevitable part of life but results from intense joy or pleasure as well as fear or anxiety.

    "Stress is not even necessarily bad for you as every emotion or activity will cause stress to the body. There are pleasant examples of stress. For example,  positive experiences of a job promotion, completing a degree or training program, marriage, travel, birth of a child, and many others produce positive memories, but are also stressful.

     Human perception of what is stressful and their response to stress is highly individualized.  The job or sport that one person finds anxiety-provoking or exhausting might be quite appealing and enjoyable to someone else. Looking at one's responses to specific stressors can contribute to better understanding of one's particular physical, emotional, and mental resources and limits.

    When stress is not alleviated or mitigated, it usually is manifested as various symptoms: general fatigue, irritability, difficulty in concentrating, and fitful or interrupted sleep. Some individuals may also experience other symptoms, such as hair loss, that can be a sign of stress without another medical explanation.


Color index codes Peaking for Competition
                
Training
                  

  
Qualifying Competitions - Singles, Pairs, Dance
  

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Regional












Sectional












Nationals












Winter Olympics












Senior Worlds












Junior Worlds*











Junior Nationals#












Senior Grand Prix Final












 Junior Grand Prix Final













*NOTE: The ISU guidelines for junior eligibility have varied throughout the years; the current requirements are
for the competitor to have reached the age of 13 by the previous 1 July, but not yet 19, except for men competing
in pair skating and ice dancing, where the upper limit is 21.  In 2011, they will be held in Gangneung, Republic
of Korea
from Feb. 28 to March 6. In 2012, they will be held in Minsk, Belarus from  Feb. 27 to March 4.

#NOTE: National competition for Juvenile and Intermediate skaters held annually.  Skaters participating in
Junior Nationals must be under the age of eighteen. Juvenile competitors must be under twelve and Intermediate
competitors must be under eighteen. To qualify for Junior Nationals in singles, skaters must place in the top four
at regionals. To qualify for Junior nationals in ice dance or pairs, competitors must place in the top eight at a
sectional event.

The ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating is a series of international invitational competitions organized by the
ISU of elite senior level skaters in the disciplines of ladies' singles, men's singles, pair skating, and ice dancing.

Currently, the sanctioned competitions for the Grand Prix are:

The series ends with the Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final, which features the top six skaters/teams from
the six competitions.  This competition preceeds the National, world, and Olympic championships.

The ISU Junior Grand Prix is the junior-level equivalent of the ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating.
Usually the Senior and Junior championships are held concurrently in the same city.

  
Qualifying Competitions - Synchronized Skating
  

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Regional












Sectional












Nationals












World













  
Qualifying Competitions - Adult
  

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Regional












Sectional












Nationals












World













  
Qualifying Competitions - National Showcase
  

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Open












Nationals












  
Qualifying Competitions - Theatre On Ice

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Open












Nationals











World













  
Qualifying Competitions - National State Games

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
State












Nationals












  
Qualifying Competitions - Basic Skills

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Open












State












  
Qualifying Competitions - High School Team Skating

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Divisions












State












  
Qualifying Competitions - Intercollegiate Team Skating

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Regionals












Nationals












  
Qualifying Competitions - Collegiate

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Open












National












  
Qualifying Competitions - National Solo Dance

 July 
 Aug 
 Sept 
 Oct 
Nov
 Dec
 Jan 
 Feb 
 March
April
May
June
Open












National












Recommended Reading:

The Sports Environment
PDF  Sports Personality
          Role of Sports Psychology
PDF Heredity

References:

The Process of Learning
   
Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:




All materials are copy protected. 

The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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