The Learning Process

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San Diego Figure Skating Communications

Skating Environment

Cold Winter Sports originated in traditional cold and snowy climates.
      The winter ice skating sports started as outdoor cold weather sports on natural ice - ponds, lakes, rivers, canals, etc.  With the . of refrigeration equipment, indoor seasonal rinks on artificially ice became popular. Dehumidifying air conditioning equipment made it possible to stay open year round, even in hot and humid climates.

      The transition to year round skating has impacted all forms of ice skating from an occasional free recreational activity to a formal structure of organized figure, hockey, and speed skating clubs that are affiliated with their respective national skating organizations.

      While many northern tier states and Canada have community and school owned ice sheets, the warmer USA states are privately owned and operated. The cost of land and electrical power requires maximizing the utilization of the ice almost on a 24 hour basis.

      The new generation of ice skating facilities frequently feature full food service, heated spectator viewing areas, Internet connection, fitness training, ballet, wet and dry dressing rooms for home and visiting teams, and two or more Olympic and/or National Hockey League Ice surfaces with arena seating in Skating EnvironmentOlympic rink,

Economically Viability of Ice Rinks
      The challenge to rink management is to attract, develop, and maintain repeat business that is constantly being renewed from their group beginning through advanced skating classes recruited originally from a promotion to attract new business for public skating sessions.

      As the skaters advanced through the group class programs, they have options to specialize and go into speed, hockey and figure skating classes,  A successful class program can create more new skaters who np longer can practice on afternoon public skating sessions.

      As skater progress to novice and advanced skill levels the goal of management at every ice rink facility should be providing options for these skaters to specialize in specific skating sports such as a training environment for:
  • Figure skating program
  • Hockey skating program
  • Speed skating program
  • Curling program
       The demand for specialize practice sessions begins in earnest when school starts after the summer break. The ice sports are intense leading up to the season ending competitions and tournaments. Some rinks operate 22 hours out of a 24 hour day. Management usually reserves the 2 hour empty time for ice maintenance.

      There is a physical limit to how a rink with a single sheet of ice can schedule its practice times, especially at convenient hours for school age children and working adults during the week.  Weekends are especially busy from early morning to late evening hours as management attempts to accommodate everyone.

      Unfortunately only figure skating has a steady demand for ice and will even double or triple usage during the summer school vacation. Some rinks have one week hockey camps, but the leagues rarely are active all year like the competitions for developing and emerging figure skaters.

     Challenging on and off ice programs are designed to progress the skater through higher levels of testing and competitive skating. 

For more information refer to   Kendall Ice Arena
Summer Elite Camp Information Download

Ice Skating Rink Amenities:
  • Freestyle Sessions
  • Private and Group lessons
  • On ice Power Conditioning Classes
    • Stop Action Video Analysis
  • "Off-Ice" Strength, Flexibility, Conditioning, Jump, Ballet, and Dance Classes
    • Full Gym with complete cardio and weight machines on site
    • Jump and Core Training
    • Mirrored Ballet/Off Ice Studio
  • Summer Training Camp
  • Expert Skate Sharpening and custom boot fitting
  • Overhead Track and portable Jump Harness Training
  • Fully stocked Pro Shop
  • All Coaches and Instructors are members of PSA
  • PSA Nationally Rated and Ranked Coaches
  • All year training sessions

An Affiliated USFS Skating Club hosting:
  • USFS Test Sessions
  • Competitions
  • Ice Shows, Carnivals
  • Seminars and Clinics
  • Exhibitions
"Off Ice" Training
      “Off-Ice” Jump and Conditioning.  This class is for Juvenile, Intermediate, Novice, Junior, and Senior skaters working on axels and multi-rotation jumps.  This class is designed to help develop  skaters develop their skills for both test and competitive figure skating. 

      The focus is to improve the fitness level of skaters, thus helping them achieve their figure skating goals.  A strong body core is needed to perform difficult jumps and spins.  This class includes aerobic and anaerobic training, agility, strength, jump technique, spinner, and flexibility exercises. Skaters enrolled must participate in approved athletic footwear.

Power Stroking and Edging Class
     This workshop covers preliminary through Juveniles Moves in the field, edgework and the development of power and staminia/ conditioning.

Requires Coaches approval

Elite Power and Edge Class
    This advanced workshop class covers Intermediate through Senior Moves in the field, edgework and the development of power and conditioning.

Requires Juvenile Freeskate or Intermediate Moves

Recommended Reading:

Learn to Skate Program

Table of Contents - Basic Skills Bridge Program Handbook

Principles of Training Athletes:

Developing Course Materials:

Developing A Training Plan


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Developing Training Plans for Athletes
Evaluation of Training
Age Training Guidelines
Components of Training Plan
Stages of Acquiring New Skills
Strategies for Training
Strategies for Competing
Fitness Training & Sports
Advanced Training
List Daily Training Tasks
Construction of a Training Plan
Developing An Annual Training Plan
Principles of Global Training
Competitive Training
Starting to Seriously Train
Skating Environment
Peaking Performance
Benefits of Cross Training
Principle of Varying Training
Varying Training Improves Results
Approaches to Training
Approaches to Jump Training
Transferring Knowledge & Skills
Aerobic Activities
Anaerobic Activities
Exercises to Develop Coordination
Off-Ice Activities For Skaters
Fitness and Conditioning
Off-Season Conditioning Activities
Tips for Long Distance Traveling
Mental Barriers to Training & Competing
Mental Considerations for Athletic Training
Mental Training Considerations
Mental Strategies for Training
Endurance Training Activities
Flexibility Training Activities
Bodyweight Exercise Training
Weight Training Activities
Brian Grasso Articles
Evaluation Assessment

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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