The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Psychological Problems and Solutions in
What is a Self Fulfilling
An individual who expects
to be disloyal and shirkers, will likely treat them in a way that will
elicit the expected response which is taken to validate the original
The expectations people have about how others will behave plays a major role in how people with interact with them. What you believe will become true cause you to act subconsciously and consciously in ways that will cause the event to happen. Self-fulfilling prophecies are powerful, and real.
The Group Effect of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
Self-fulfilling prophecies work with groups, too, proving that two is better than one! It's called the synergistic accumulative effect, and it simply means that two or more people's expectations are more powerful than one person's. This can be seen in the emotional tides that occur in sporting events and the effect of fans rooting for their team.
Self-fulfilling prophecies in families are particularly common as parents establish plans for their children's careers, attending their alma matter, sports participation, approval of boy and girl friends, religion, and political affiliation.
Psychologist Robert Rosenthal
UC Riverside’s Robert Rosenthal launched a field of study that focuses on how body movement and tone of voice can influence jury trials, student performance and patient outcomes. His research into experimenter bias and other types of self-fulfilling prophecy led to an increased emphasis on the importance of double-blind studies in the social and biomedical sciences.
50 years of studies by social and behavioral researchers which showed that these researchers too often obtained the results they expected because of their own unrecognized self-fulfilling prophecies.
“That finding led to experiments showing that teachers who had been led to expect superior intellectual performance from their students obtained superior intellectual performance from their students. Other studies found that, in business and in military situations, when supervisors were led to expect superior performance they obtained superior performance,” he said. “As with teachers, researchers and clever horses, self-fulfilling prophecies were at work.”
Studies of self-fulfilling
prophecies led to research on nonverbal
communication which found that a physician’s tone of voice in talking
with or about patients could predict their success in referring
alcoholic patients to treatment and, in the case of surgeons, could
predict their likelihood of being sued by their patients. In
courtrooms, judges’ beliefs about the guilt of defendants was
associated with nonverbal cues to the jury that markedly affected the
verdicts rendered by California juries.
Rosenthal taught at Harvard
University for 37 years before joining the
UCR faculty in 1999.
Self-fulfilling prophecy a principle that states that a belief in or the expectation of a particular resolution is a factor that contributes to its fulfillment.
Overcoming the self-fulfilling prophecy of social rejection It is an unfortunate fact that, if you expect someone you meet for the first time not to like you, you tend to behave more distantly towards them. This increases the chances that they won’t like you. The reverse is also true: if you assume that you will be liked, you tend to behave more warmly and thus increase your chances of being liked.
PDF Managing Student-Athletes' Mental Health Issues A student-athlete’s “mental health” might be viewed as secondary to physical health; however, it is every bit as important. It makes little sense to try to separate the “mind” and “body.” One affects the other. Medical problems often have psychological or emotional consequences. Psychological problems (e.g., eating disorders,
substance-related problems, etc.) typically have medical consequences. Some signs and symptoms of possible mental health problems.
Integrating sport psychology and sports counseling Up to 15 percent of American athletes suffer from psychosocial problems. Clinicians are searching for solutions to problems - sport psychologists concentrate on performance enhancement and mental skills training. Sports counselors focus on the athlete's psychoemotional difficulties and development as an individual.
Although the disciplines of sport psychology and sports counseling have traditionally been distinct, the integration of these areas is necessary for the effective integrated sport psychology/sports counseling emphasis.
Psychological skills training myths Most athletes' psychological needs can be addressed by educational sport psychology ... Myth 3: PST Provides “Quick Fix” Solutions. Many people mistakenly think that sport psychology offers a quick fix to psychological problems.
Competition stress in sport performers Examination of the performance and organizational stressors encountered by elite and non-elite athletes within the competition environment.
Importance of Youth Involvement in Sports Participation in competitive team sports at an early age gives children an opportunity to understand the healthy aspects of competition in a friendly environment.
Benefits of Competitive Sports Not Always Clear-cut Oct. 5, 2011 The Athlete's Sports Experience: Making A Difference and comprehensive developmental nature of the competitive sports environment.
Physical Education & Sports Policy for Schools The Physical Education and Sports Program's learning environment suggests competitive sport should contribute to the health and well being of the student.
PDF STAY AND PLAY The rules in non-competitive sport can be changed to suit the participants and environment to ensure everyone can 'play' and that no one is excluded.
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
and combined with information from public institutions, plus athletic organizations/ associations that have a web presence with concerning team and individual sports programs:
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