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Seasonal Training

Most Sports are Traditionally Considered Winter or Summer Olympic Events
The Olympic sports originated as outdoor events. The construction of indoor sports facilities have blurred the length of the seasons of amateur and professional sports. In the USA, track and field events move indoors in the winter while in the opposite hemisphere their athletes are practicing and competing in  outdoor venues. 

      Look at professional golf championships being held in the winter in the sunbelt states and Hawaii so the sport is essentially year round. Indoor swimming pools and ice skating rinks allow year round sporting events.

     Some athletes who participate in outdoor winter and summer sports choose to cross train or they shift their training to suitable regions in the opposite hemispheres.

Indoor Ski Training and Snow boarding
     Some areas close to ski resorts are constructing facilities to train skiers and snow boarders year round.

The Lake Tahoe area was missing was a year-round training facility for skiing and snow boarding.

That void is being filled this summer with Woodward Tahoe at Boreal Mountain Resort, which is the newest addition to the other five locations of Camp Woodward facilities.

Woodward Tahoe will have a 33,000 square foot facility, located just steps from Boreal’s main chair lift.

Phil’s Hill features two indoor covered in a dry slope snow-like surface, the longest of which is 170 feet long.

Skiers and riders launch off a kicker and land in a giant airbag to cushion their landing.

Similar facilities in Lake Placid, N.Y. and Park City, Utah, utilize a splash pool instead of the airbag.

The Waterville Valley Black and Blue Trail Smashers (WVBBTS) will be hosting freestyle training camps throughout the spring, summer and fall at the new facility on Phil’s Hill.

Non-team athletes have an alternative training plan that involves the agility and endurance that soccer and lacrosse provide.  During the second daily block, athletes are in the gym, and lifting room working on strength progression, agility, or endurance.

The year round conditioning program at GMVS is one of the main ingredients of our highly successful alpine program. 

Under the supervision of Dani Koch, Director of Conditioning, athletes spend hours building their strength, agility and power during the off season. 

The Fall and Spring Schedules revolve around 2 daily training blocks.  Athletes who choose to play soccer in the Fall and/or lacrosse in the Spring have team practice during one of the daily training blocks. 

In the summer, the most competitive ski racers continue their conditioning program either on campus or at home.  Every athlete who requests a summer conditioning plan is provided one by the school.

Start by forming a weekly training plan
     The first modern use of athletes and coaches subdivided their training into various sub-periods occurred in Germany and who's athletes dominated the 1936 Olympics.

     The modern practice of periodized training was expanded and refined by Eastern block nations during the Cold War (1950-1970). Scientists involved in training athletes have not offered research studies for periodization; However, there is antidotal evidence that supports that the concept works.

    "Periodization of training" means "dividing the training up into periods". Each training period or phase is dominated by one training goal such as increase - speed, strength, and flexibility; enhance endurance; reduce effects of fatigue; achieve maximum performance.

    The phases are not totally devoted to one training mode, but the percentages of the emphasis placed on the training goals change from the beginning to the end of each competitive season.

Phases of an Annual Training Plan:
    The following generic, periodized annual training plan for multiple competitions is divided into phases with Macro and Micro cycles
  • General Preparation
  • Specific Preparation
  • Pre-competition
  • Tapering off
  • Peaking
  • First Competition of the Season
  • Tapering off
  • Peaking
  • Last Competition of the Season
  • Relaxation
  • Off season

The ideal training plan should feature:

  • Annual Training Plan –  that periodizes the training to peak at specific events throughout the year.
  • Workout Planner – Based on the goals and information, the athlete can use use a database of workouts to schedule each day of each week of training.
  • Daily Log – Athletes record progress in a daily log that can be accessed by coaches from any computer with an Internet connection and a Web browser

Annual Training Program An annual training program is necessary to maximize performance.
It is based on the concept of periodization, which divides the annual plan into training phases, and the principles of training. An annual training program is necessary to maximize performance. In principle, this means that athletes must train continually for 11 months, then reduce the amount of work during the last month. This work should vary from regular training to facilitate physiological, psychological, and CNS rest and regeneration before beginning another year of training.

The purpose of a Training Plan - Pro Water Polo The purpose of a Training Plan is to identify the work to be carried out to achieve ... when planning the annual and long term training programs for their athletes.

Intervals, Thresholds, and Long Slow Distance:
Studies involving intensification of training in already well trained athletes have ... use of high intensity interval training throughout the annual training cycle is the ..... should be integrated into the training program for optimal performance gains.

Sports Information

Sports Training

Physical and Mental Training Considerations

Developing A Training Plan

Developing A Plan for Success

Sports Information

Sports Training

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
Fitness Training Considerations
Kirkpatrick's Evaluating Training Programs
Skating Training Environment
Training Figure Skaters
Group Classes
Fitness Training
Personal Training Plan
Daily Training Plan
Seasonal Training
Training for Junior & Senior Athletes
Age Guidelines for Training
Developing a Plan for Training
Developing Skating Skills
Group Training Stages
Training Priorities
Strategies of Sports Training
Training Task Analysis
Value of Annual Planning
Competitive Training Strategies
Verbal and Nonverbal Communications
PDF  Core Body Training
PDF  Endurance Training Plan

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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