San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Most Sports are Traditionally
Considered Winter or Summer Olympic Events
Look at professional golf championships being held in the winter in the sunbelt states and Hawaii so the sport is essentially year round. Indoor swimming pools and ice skating rinks allow year round sporting events.
Some athletes who participate in
outdoor winter and summer sports choose to cross train or they shift
their training to suitable regions in the opposite hemispheres.
Indoor Ski Training and Snow
The first modern use of athletes and coaches subdivided their training into various sub-periods occurred in Germany and who's athletes dominated the 1936 Olympics.
The modern practice of periodized
refined by Eastern block nations during the Cold War (1950-1970).
Scientists involved in training athletes have not offered research
studies for periodization; However, there is antidotal evidence that
supports that the concept works.
"Periodization of training" means "dividing
into periods". Each training period or phase is dominated by one
training goal such as increase - speed, strength, and flexibility;
enhance endurance; reduce effects of fatigue;
achieve maximum performance.
The phases are not totally
devoted to one training mode, but the percentages of the emphasis
placed on the training goals change from the beginning to the end of
each competitive season.
The following generic, periodized annual training plan for multiple competitions is divided into phases with Macro and Micro cycles:
The ideal training plan should feature:
Annual Training Program An annual training program is necessary to maximize performance.
It is based on the concept of periodization, which divides the annual plan into training phases, and the principles of training. An annual training program is necessary to maximize performance. In principle, this means that athletes must train continually for 11 months, then reduce the amount of work during the last month. This work should vary from regular training to facilitate physiological, psychological, and CNS rest and regeneration before beginning another year of training.
The purpose of a Training Plan - Pro Water Polo The purpose of a Training Plan is to identify the work to be carried out to achieve ... when planning the annual and long term training programs for their athletes.
Intervals, Thresholds, and Long Slow Distance:
Studies involving intensification of training in already well trained athletes have ... use of high intensity interval training throughout the annual training cycle is the ..... should be integrated into the training program for optimal performance gains.
Physical and Mental Training Considerations
Developing A Training Plan
Developing A Plan for Success
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.