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  Roles of Ice Skating
Judges and Coaches

In an Academic Setting, A Teacher is Required to Teach and Test their Students
      The goal of the classroom teacher is to achieve the very best of every student in a non competitive environment. However, this view may be true in an ideal world, but it is necessarily not true in academic subjects.

       Unfortunately the traditional classroom requires each student to acquire a precise amount of know- ledge in a defined number of classroom hours. The classes are organized to accomodate students with a range of abilities defined as a bell curve - with a few students at the extreme lower and higher ends, and the majority of students clustered around the center.

       There is peer pressure in elementary school to not volunteer to answer questions and not to ask a question if student does not understand the material being discussed. This has lead to considerable discussion about have classes separated into males and females only. Many private schools are organized in the manner claim to have superior results. This is the actual method that is used in sports, and very few individuals question this decision has a long history and tradition providing the funding support and opportunities are equal. Thus Title 9 was establish to correct inadequate in school sports.

      The introduction of grades and standardize tests fosters an environment of competitiveness between:
  • Students
  • Teachers
  • Parents
  • Schools
  • School Districts
  • Counties
  • States
Standardized Testing Encourages Teaching to Pass Tests at the Expense of Critical Thinking Skills
       While educators prefer to teach students critical thing skills as a foundation of demonstrating how to problem solve, legislators at county, state, and Washington D.C. are determine to under fund the essential core courses - math, language, sciences, history, and geography. Unfortunately, these same entities have added courses in:
  • Ethics and morality, Sexuality and Family values,
  • Self Confidence,
  • Social Responsibilities,
  • Bullying,
  • Disease awareness - HIV, sexual transmitted, vaccinations, , etc.
  • Health issues - obesity. unprotected sex, binge drinking and smoking
  • Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drug addiction - legal available and prescription/illegal substances
       As a result, the school day has less time to devote to teaching core studies and implementing programs to assist students who are below grade expectations in specific subjects. The longer this intervention is delayed, the greater the achievement gap, Ultimately the student becomes so far behind other students that they become extremely frustrated and eventually drop out because they perceive there are no available alternatives that are acceptable.

      There is always the blame game when children do not test at the level that the parents, educational institutions, or state and federal rules and regulations require.  Some parents are very supportive and assist their children by insuring that they do their homework and actual review it before it is handed in, some will hire a professional tutor, and even have their child tested for hearing, vision, and attention/learning disorders.

Parental Involvement is Necessary in Achieving Positive Academic Solutions  
      Far too many parents are exhausted after working long hours to join their local schools Parent Teacher Association, be a school volunteer, and/or take an active interest in their child's education. Please Note: Doing the child's homework is NOT doing the child any favor.

     The following reasons can cause poor student performance in a classroom:
  • Over crowded classrooms,
  • Poor Teachers,
  • Inadequate school facilities,
  • Old text books,
  • Lack of textbooks to provide each child with their own copy,
  • No breakfast before coming to school,
  • No money to buy a lunch,
  • Sleep deficit,
  • Physical and Emotional Abuse,
  • Divorce,
  • Blended Family - Step Parents and new siblings,
  • Bullying at school,
  • A regular in after school detention.
Role of Sports in Schools
The emphasize in sports is winning in a competitive environment. The goal of winning actually siphon funds from physical education and a life fitness program are every student. Every time there is an attempt to eliminate competitive sports, the school boards back down and cut support staff to allow the sports programs to continue. Competitive sports do not benefit the majority of the student body; however, it is deemed essential in creating school spirit. Often there are other interests such as the marching band, cheerleaders and flag drill team that have strong booster organizations that raise funds so these related activities can continue.

      If educators were serious about providing life skills and promoting physical fitness, they would support changes in their physical education classes and aspire to have ever student being able to pass the President's Fitness Test to challenge them to
measure their muscular strength/endurance, cardio-respiratory endurance, speed, agility, and flexibility:

      The Presidential Youth Fitness Program focuses on making kids healthy and active for life. The Physical Fitness Test will not be available after the 2013–2014 school year — you can transition to the Presidential Youth Fitness Program now!

      Motivating students to be physically active and fit for life should be the mission of parents, teachers, and coaches.  When a school adopts the Presidential Youth Fitness Program, they get access to the FITNESSGRAM® health assessment and lots of free resources and tools that will help to encourage all students to adopt active, healthy habits.     

Team Verses Individual Sports
Many children just do not want to participate in team sports, especially that require body contact like football; however, they can thrive in a sport that emphasizes individual accomplishments such as track and field events.

       Participating in school sports involves a student first making a decision to try out for a team. The coach staff devises a system of evaluating each individual's physical and mental skills. The tryouts are used to determine who makes the varsity and junior varsity team or must try again the following season.

       School sports require a minimum passing grade average, a good attendance record, and no disciplinary problems. There are many sports that are not offered at middle and high schools, but are at colleges and universities. Many of these sports are available from not for profit sporting associations - for example: bowling, soccer, lacrosse, ice hockey, speed skating, figure skating, etc.

       In the evaluation of academic and sporting performances,
true/false and multiple tests in a classroom are the equivalent of the stop watch and measuring tape in sports. Evaluating a written test and report is like judging gymnastic and figure skating events. There is a considerable subjective aspect to separating the winners from the losers.

Subjective Evaluation is difficult compared to sports determined by a stop watch or tape measurer
Sporting events demand that the evaluation of each athlete's positive and negative performance qualities be as objectively determined as is possible. It is extremely important that the factors used in the evaluations be communicated to coaches, skaters, and parents at the start of each training season.

    Communication between coaches and judges should be an on going process, especially when there are many changes in the MITF elements that will occur on Sept. 2, 2010.

    It is desirable that local club officials and rink coaching staff work together to plan and host events that facilitate and foster an exchange of ideas so everyone is operating based on the same standards.

    Some coaches ask judges to critique their students in advance of testing and competing so that areas that need improvement can be identified and fixed.  This is generally performed three or more weeks in advance of tests and competitions.

    Unfortunately in some areas the judges are not available and must be brought in great distances especially for tests.  Even in areas where many judges reside, those who are not retired are busy with full-time jobs and are unavailable to come into the rink for early morning and daytime sessions except for tests, competitions, exhibitions
, and shows when they must use vacation days or take unpaid time off from work.

Frequent comments we hear from judges

Frequent comments we hear from coaches

        Articles are in the process of being developed to facilitate communication between judges and coaches. There needs to be an agreeable understanding on the technical descriptions describing the minimum standard for passing each level of tests.


Equal Opportunity In Intercollegiate Athletics: March 14, 2005 ... Contact sports under the Title IX regulation include boxing, wrestling, rugby, ice hockey, football, basketball and other sports in which the obligations of colleges and universities are explained in three basic areas:
  • Student interests and abilities;
  • Athletic benefits and opportunities;
  • Financial assistance.
While designed specifically for intercollegiate athletics, the general principles and compliance standards set forth in the Policy Interpretation will often apply to inter-scholastic athletic programs operated by elementary and secondary school systems, and to club and intramural athletic programs.

Women and Sport : Title IX Cases - FindLaw Sports The courts have found that where the school has permitted a student of the opposite sex to try out for a single-sex team in a contact sport, they are subject to Title IX.

Title IX Legal Manual   Such programs, many of which first became subject to Title IX regulations when the .... separation by sex in physical education classes involving contact sports.

ISU Figure Skating Judging

The International Judging System (IJS)

IJS Judging Criteria


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

USFS Test Judging Topics
PDF  IJS Handbook
PDF  Judges Singles & Pairs Training Manual New  Evaluation of Jumps
PDF  Chart of Changes to MITF  9/2/2010 PDF  2011 USFS Tests Book 8/27/10
PDF  A need for Test Program Element Sheet
PDF  USFS Compulsory Figures Rules
PDF  Focus Points: Evaluate Tests
Roles of Skating Judges and Coaches
Discussion of MITF Topics
New & Revised MITF Elements
Critiquing Skating Performances
MITF Critique Sheets
Requirements to Pass MITF
MITF Judging Criteria
Basic Skating Judging Protocols
Basic Skating Competitive Judging
Basic Skating Worksheets
Test and Elite Standards
Focus of Free Skating Test Judging
Interpreting 6.0 Score Sheets
School Figures

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