Cognitive and Behaviorist Studies
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
The Ripple Effect
The Ripple Effect
When you throw a pebble into a pond at an angle to the surface the pebble will skip multiple times prior to sinking into the water. You might notice concentric circles emanating from the point of where the pebble hit the water. The pebble can also have other effects. It might frighten a duck causing it to take flight or a school of fish may suddenly change direction as the pebble sinks into the pond. The one action - throwing the pebble into the water and causes the duck and the fish to react. The secondary reactions were caused through a single and simple act and is known as a ripple effect.
Jacob Kounin, a class work management theorist, used the term "ripple effect" in 1970 to describe the positive effect teachers may exert on students. According to Kounin, the ripple effect occurs when a teacher asks a student to stop a distracting or destructive behavior. Kounin observed that when a teacher asked a student to stop a behavior in front of the rest of the class, this had a ripple effect on all other students in the class. This interaction, between the teacher and student, made an impression on other students, who also were not paying attention, to also stop their distracting behavior resulting in an improved control of the classroom.
Behavior is considered by most physiologists to be the result of our environment as opposed to being a result of our genetic background.
Our behavior and acquisition of physical skills is frequently derived by observing how other people act and then imitate the that behavior.
Ideally children should be exposed to expected behavior at home through positive reinforcement and instruction. Parents can be important role models of what is acceptable behavior in a variety of situations at play, school, church, shopping, eating in a sit down restaurant, and a wide variety of other social situations.
Basic causes of behavioral habits originate in our conscious and subconscious mind
The nervous system is comprised two distinct parts -
naturally triggers our mind to respond in a “fight-or-flight”
mode, that frequently result in responding impulsively to challenges.
With practice, participating in yoga practices — such as mediation —
can actually train the brain achieve better focus and self
control. Over an extended period of practice, it should
become easier to make better decisions that can be applied in all areas
of our lives — sports, school, careers, family, and social associations.
In some circles this process is referred to as the "power of positive thinking". Twelve step programs to help individuals stop smoking, drinking, over eating, etc. also use similar concepts that are based on the concept of a "higher power" that is the core of religious beliefs.
Yoga-style stretching can benefit any athlete, but it is most valuable for preventing injuries
in sports that require explosive activity, These include racket sports, power lifting, sprinting, basketball, volleyball, baseball, and any activity where a great deal of force is suddenly
exerted by the muscles. Yoga and stretching is less essential prior to endurance activities
like swimming, cycling or running, since athletes can begin these sports slowly, giving their
muscles a chance to warm up before they really begin to push. Mahon adds, "stretching after
a long workout can speed recovery and help get the athlete ready for the next session."
Source - Tony Mahon, Ph.D., an exercise physiologist at
Ball State Human Performance Lab, in Muncie, Indiana
Even the smallest actions cause a radiating circle of effects on strangers and people we know. In an athletic situation at an ice rink can be seen in skaters mimicking positive and negative behavior. Coaches and management may need to bar from the rink because an individual kicks holes in the ice or takes slap shots with hockey pucks at the walls. Such poor examples must be made an example of to send a strong message to other skaters that they will receive the same punishment plus a bill to repair the damages.
Coaches have seen the noticeable improvement of beginning skaters when they can see who more advanced skaters practice and train. Jump and spin techniques improve, more complicated step sequences are attempted by lower test skaters. This is sometimes referred to as "Rising tides lifts all boats!"
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
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The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.