The Learning Process
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Principles of Motor
Skill Mechanics

Sports Comply with the Laws of Physics
       Newton's Laws of Motion are the foundation for these mechanical principles, which must be applied in concert with other training principles to achieve higher performance levels. The mechanical principles of physics can be applied to sports. The effects of gravity and friction being two that even young children experience, but they may not under stand the underlying concepts.

       The sooner a young athlete learns how to use the principles of physics, the quicker they learn to value how excellent technique provides the greatest mechanical advantage.

       The mechanical principles of physics form a valuable tool to develop optimum skating techniques. However, there are many interpretations on how to apply the physics principles to a training program and effective teaching methods.

Principles from the Law of Inertia -
       Newton's First Law states that an object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a straight line unless acted upon by an external force.

Principles from the Law of Acceleration
       Acceleration is a very important ability for a figure skater to possess.

The Principles of Counterforce
       A stable surface maximizes the potential counterforce that can be generated when force is applied against it. The less stable the surface, the less counterforce is generated. For example, a skidded edge does not produce the same spring force into the air for the skater as if a clean takeoff had been achieved.  The friction of the skid absorbs energy that is not transferred into the force that propels the skater into the air.

Recommended Reading:

Role of Physics in Skating

Principles of Training Athletes

Developing Course Materials


How to use Universal Laws & Principles To Your Advantage  A Universal Law or Principle is a general truth or rule that applies to all things anywhere they might be that is binding on anything that exist and are factors and parameters governing all creation.

Physics and Problem Solving  This lesson begins with a discussion of the law of inertia (a body at rest remains at rest and a body in uniform motion continues moving uniformly unless acted on by a net force). Next, the law of inertia is applied to a specific context, the use of seat belts and airbags in automobiles.

The Laws of Acceleration  Presented is a theory in fundamental theoretical physics that establishes the relationships between time, velocity, and the rate of acceleration for all material objects.  When properly formulated as given in this work, these relationships establish what appear to be two new natural laws of physics.  These laws, to be referred to as the Law of constant acceleration, and the Law of relative acceleration are in complete conformance with the principles of both, the time and energy theory, and the millennium theory of relativity.

Newton's Laws for Kids - 2nd Law   A Simple Explanation of Principles of Motion, Force, & Acceleration  Newton's first law tells us that a force is required to accelerate an object. Newton's second law answers the question about how much force is required.


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Program Development
Athlete Development
Skill Development
How We Learn
Stages of Learning
Parent-Teen Relationships
Youth Development
Stages of Skill Development
Stages of Figure Skating Skill Development
Long Term Athlete Development Framework
Techniques of Sports Skills
Principles of Motor Skill Mechanics
Newton's Laws of Motion
Athlete Training Principles
Being Successful in Sports
Age Appropriate Sports Training
Effect of Learning Environment
Essential Feedback

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