The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Principle of Individualization
The Principle of Individualization in Sports Training
This principle dictates that sports training should be adjusted according to the age, gender, rate of progress, and previous skill development of the individual. The goal of individualization is to capitalize on the strengths while minimizing existing skill deficiencies.
Individualization is one of eight key training principles for fitness and sports training:
1. Principle of Specificity suggests that your body will make adjustments according to the type of training you perform and in the very same muscles that you exercise.
2. The Principle of Overload implies that you must continually increase training loads as your body adapts over time.
3. The Principle of Recovery assets that you must get adequate rest between workouts in order to recuperate.
4. The Principle of Reversibility refers to the loss of fitness that results after you stop training. In time, you will revert back to your pre-training condition.
5. The Principle of Variation implies that you should consistently change aspects of your workouts.
6. The Principle of Transfer suggests that workout activities can improve the performance of other skills with common elements, such as sport skills, work tasks, or other exercises.
7. The Principle of Individualization suggests that fitness training programs should be adjusted for personal differences, such as abilities, skills, gender, experience, motivation, past injuries, and physical condition.
8. The Principle of Balance is a broad concept that operates at different levels of healthy living. It suggests that you must maintain the right mix of exercise, diet, and healthy behaviors.
Source - Articlesbase
Modifications to a basic training plan can consist of adjustments that are made for individual skill differences such as physical size, weight, medical conditions, injuries, motivational, emotion, and mental level.
It is essential that coaches and/or trainers invest the time and attention to develop a personalized training plan for each athlete. This will accelerate the progress of the athlete's training.
Applying the Principle of Individualization
The goal of every coach and parent is to provide each child with the attention that makes them feel special, The following are offered as suggestions:
According to Simoneau and Bouchard (1998), athletes may have different biomotor abilities (strength, speed, endurance and co-ordination) due to genetic variance in physio- logical make-up. Research data from 4 studies provided enough evidence for Simoneau and Bouchard to conclude that the considerable variation between athletes in anaerobic performance can, to a large extent, be attributed to genetic factors.
Biological and chronological age have a very important bearing on determining the optimal training loads. A preadolescent and adolescent can be further divided into prepubertal, pubertal and postpubertal stages. In each stage a young athlete can be expected to display have different physiological characteristics which requires adjustments in training loads must be carefully considered with respect of the athlete's background. It is important that coaches recognise that biological age is more relevant for planning training loads than is chronological age
The Individualization Principle for Sports Training The Individualization Principle dictates that sports training should be adjusted according to individual needs, such as age, gender, rate of progress, and previous skill development/experience.
Performance Coaching: The individualization of training For example, the 'principle of individualization' is one of Bompa's (1999) seven principles of training and the 'principle of individuality' is one of Rushall's seven principles of coaching.
Individualization Individualization as an educational principle, therefore, leads to training that is modified or customized to address the needs of individual participants.
PDF Principles of Training Theory The basic principles and processes of training, so that they can evaluate training ... about the athlete as an individual, to personalize the most effective training program for an individual.
Principles of Sports Training:
Developing Course Materials:
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.