Physical Therapy

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Physiotherapy
  
What is Physiotherapy?
        Physical therapy or physiotherapy is a branch of rehabilitative medicine aimed at helping patients whose movements may be undermined by aging, disease, environmental factors, or sporting hazards.

        Physical therapy is not alternative therapy. It is a clinical health science. Physical therapists study medical science subjects, including anatomy, neuroscience and physiology in order to acquire the health education needed for prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, etc., of patients with physical problems.

      Therapists work with patients who have physical impairments, limitations, disabilities or changes in physical function and related health problems are known as (PTs), short for Physical Therapists. Their role includes examination, evaluation, diagnosis, prognosis, and interventions with the goal of achieving the highest functional outcomes for each patient/client.

       A through examination of each patients' medical history is taken prior to testing and measuring their strength, range of motion, balance and coordination, posture, muscle performance, respiration and motor function. They work up a prognosis of the patient's ability to fully become independent and reintegrate into the sporting activity or workplace after an injury or illness.

      Patients who have been completely immobilized or lack flexibility, strength or endurance treatment will receive an exercise plan that encourages using their muscles to gradually increase the flexibility and range of motion. The object is to advance to a level where they can perform exercises that improve strength, balance, coordination, and endurance.

       Therapists use their training and skills to treat a wide range of physical problems linked to different systems in the body, including:
  • Neuromuscular systems  refers to neuromuscular junction - where nerves and muscle fibers meet, and also includes neuromuscular transmission - the transfer of information, impulses, from the nerve to the muscle. Nerves include the brain, spine and nerves that extend throughout the body.

  • Musculoskeletal systems gives us form, movement and stability. The musculoskeletal system includes our bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, and other connective tissue that provides the ability to move about using our muscles and bones (muscular and skeletal systems).

  • Cardiovascular systems include the heart and the circulatory systems which carries nutrients and oxygen via blood vessels to the tissues of the body and removes waste and carbon dioxide from them.

  • Respiratory systems include organs such as the lungs, bronchi, trachea, larynx, throat, and nose that are involved in breathing,
      The orthopedic physical therapist treats injuries and disorders of the musculoskeletal system; this also includes rehabilitation for post-orthopedic surgery patients. The therapist specializes in the treatment of:
  • Post operative joints
  • Sports injuries
  • Arthritis
  • Disease or injuries affecting muscles, bones, ligaments or tendons
  • Amputations
      Physical therapists also use electrical stimulation, hot packs or cold compresses and ultrasound to relieve pain and reduce swelling. They may use traction or deep-tissue massage to relieve pain.

  Skaters commonly experience the following injuries:
Recommended Reading:


References:

What is Physical Therapy?   March 6, 2009 Physical therapy is evaluation and treatment to help you prevent injury or to help you recover from a disability.

Physical Therapy - KidsHealth  Doctors often recommend physical therapy for kids who have been injured or have movement problems from an illness, disease, or disability.

Physical Therapists : Occupational Outlook Handbook April 6, 2012 Physical therapists help people who have injuries or illnesses improve their movement and manage their pain.

Sports Medicine - Physical Therapist: Education and Career  A sports physical therapist may spend time teaching preventative techniques to athletes, families, coaches and even other physical therapists.

Physical Therapy - KidsHealth   Doctors often recommend physical therapy for kids who have been injured or have movement problems from an illness, disease, or disability.

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Sports Health and Injury Issues
PDF  Sports Medicine Links
Prevention of Injuries
Identifying & Treating Injuries
Preventing & Treating Injuries
Common Sports Injuries
Injury Prevention of Athletes
Protective Equipment

 
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