Health Issues

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Pediatric Health Issues

Common Childhood Illnesses
       Many children experience life altering physical, mental, and fitness conditions that require consulting a physician and  medical treatment and or counseling to control. These health conditions do not mean that these children should be automatically excluded from participating in recreational
activities and competitive sports.

       Sports and recreational activities can be modified to allow children, who are unable to participate in activities with children who have a full range of abilities, to participate with others with similar medical conditions. The modifications allow individuals with various degrees of
physical, mental, and fitness conditions to enjoy an environment that is both stimulating and challenging.

Vaccinations
      Most states require children to have a physical and a full series of vaccinations prior to attending classes.  The classroom can be a source of transmitting the common cold, flu, head lice, and preventable diseases that vacations normally prevent - mumps, chicken pox, polio, whooping cough, and TB.

Childhood Illnesses
      There are several communicable illnesses that pre and school age children experience as they come into contact with groups when confined together in classroom. The symptoms can range from mild to serious. They may catch a common cold, or more serious respiratory illnesses such as Croup, Sinusitis, Bronchiolitis, of Tonsillitis. Children may also become infected with a virus like the flu with symptoms of vomiting and a fever.

Bronchitis
      This condition is an inflammation in the air pathways and usually follows an upper respiratory infection like a chest cold.  Mucus settles in the lungs and causes the child to cough frequently.  Most of the symptoms of bronchitis last for about 2 weeks but the cough can last up to 8 weeks.

Ear Infections
       Ear infections in young children commonly require a doctor's care. Acute Otitis Media (AOM) involves inflammation and intense symptoms and signs of infection; it is the most common bacterial illness doctors antibacterial medications prescribed in America.

      Otitis Media Effusion (OME) is still more common, with ninety percent of all children experiencing OME prior to school age; usually between six months and four years of age. Children who have had colds or viral infections experience OME, which usually clears up on its own.

Chronic and Continuing Health Conditions
       There are chronic and permanent conditions that can be detected at birth, others only become apparent when the child does not develop as normally experienced.


Birth Defects and Genetics
      Thankfully most children are born without any medical problems or birth defects. However, some are born with body chemistry, body structure, or brain development differences that may cause problems such as physical and mental development. Pediatric Geneticists help families to identify and manage their child's health care needs in children with genetic disorders.
     
Birth Defects and Genetics
      Thankfully most children are born without any medical problems or birth defects. However, some are born with body chemistry, body structure, or brain development differences that may cause problems such as physical and mental development. Pediatric Geneticists help families to identify and manage their child's health care needs in children with genetic disorders.
 
Blindness and Deafness
      Impaired vision is the 4th most common problem of children.  Unfortunately only twenty one percent of all preschool children are being screened for vision problems; a mere fourteen percent receive any form of comprehensive vision examination.

      A hearing loss is the most common congenital condition in children in the USA. Thirty three infants are born each day with some level of hearing loss in the United States.

Ear Infections

       Millions of doctor visits each year, in young children, are a result of ear infections. Acute Otitis Media (AOM) involves inflammation and intense symptoms and signs of infection; it is the most common bacterial illness doctors prescribe antibacterial medications for in America. Otitis Media Effusion (OME) is still more common, with ninety percent of all children experiencing OME prior to school age; usually between six months and four years of age. Children who have had colds or viral infections experience OME, which usually clears up on its own.

Birth Defects and Genetics
      Thankfully most children are born without any medical problems or birth defects. However, some are born with body chemistry, body structure, or brain development differences that may cause problems such as physical and mental development. Pediatric Geneticists help families to identify and manage their child's health care needs in children with genetic disorders.

  There are chronic and permanent conditions that can be detected at birth, others only become apparent when the child does not develop as normally experienced.

ADHD - Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition of the brain. ADHD affects a child's behavior and is one of the most common, chronic behavioral conditions found in children. Nearly all children have periodic behavioral issues, but children who have ADHD experience consistent and severe issues that interfere with their life. There are treatment options available to help children with ADHD.

Arthritis - There are several additional forms of Arthritis that can affect male and female children who are younger than eighteen. They have Pediatric Arthritis and Rheumatologic conditions such as Polyarticular Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA), Pauciarticular Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Systemic Onset Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Asthma - Asthma causes repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and nighttime or early morning coughing. Asthma and Allergies (hay fever) are very common of chronic diseases that affect children. Over five million American children are affected by Asthma to a degree that causing them to be unable to participate in sports, school, and additional activities. It is very important to understand what can "trigger" an asthma attack or and allergic reaction. Recognizing the conditions allows sets to be taken to prevent an attack. Medications can help parents of children to manage their symptoms.

Autism - Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a group of brain disorders that are related. ASD affect children's social and communication skills, as well as their behavior. About one in one hundred and fifty children is diagnosed with some form of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Education regarding Autism is essential to the care of a child with ASD.

Diabetes - Diabetes prevents the child's body from turning glucose into the energy it needs; their body does not process food through the production of enough insulin. Children may be affected by Diabetes Type 1 (Juvenile Diabetes) which can occur at any time - even during their first year of life. Infants and toddlers whose symptoms are not specific can cause a diagnosis to be delayed until the child becomes sick to present the typical indicators of diabetes Type 1. Older children with weight problems are increasingly being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. 

Heart Conditions
       Children may experience high blood pressure, rapid heart beat, heart murmurs, and other heart issues. There are Pediatric Cardiovascular Centers available to assist parents with children who have heart conditions.

Childhood Obesity
      Children and adolescents are increasingly experiencing overweight, even a risk of obesity that increase the likelihood of Asthma, Sleep Apnea, Joint Pain, Skin Infections. Diabetes Type 2, and and Hypertension.  Obesity presents immediate health problems, but can also result in these issues becoming chronic. Overweight/obese  children are also more likely to experience depression, low self esteem, and lower self confidence than other children.

Annual Medical Physicals
       All children, especially those engaged in competitive sports activities, require regular medical physicals by your family pediatrician.

       Parents and coaches should become informed to recognize the potential seriousness of the health and injury symptoms so a visit to a doctor occurs for the proper diagnose and treatment.  Be sure the child follows the doctor's advice and takes their medicines as prescribed.

       The following is a partial list of potential health concerns that infants to young adults may experience:
  • Visual - symptoms, treatment - glasses or contact lens
  • Hearing - symptoms, treatment - hearing aid
  • Asthma - symptoms, treatment/medication, monitoring
  • Allergies - symptoms, treatment/medication, monitoring
  • Diabetes - symptoms, treatment/medication, counseling, diet, monitoring
  • Addiction
    • Teens and Alcohol use - symptoms, treatment/medication, counseling, monitoring
    • Early Diagnoses use - symptoms, treatment/medication, counseling, monitoring
    • Drug abuse of prescription and illegal medications - symptoms, treatment/counseling, monitoring
  • Eating Disorders
    • Bulimia - symptoms, treatment/medication, counseling, diet, monitoring
    • Anorexia - symptoms, treatment/medication, counseling, diet, monitoring
  • Personality Issues
    • Stress - symptoms, treatment/medication, counseling, monitoring
    • Anxiety - symptoms, treatment/medication, counseling, monitoring
    • Self-Esteem problems - symptoms, treatment/counseling, monitoring
The information on this site is provided to support skater's efforts to
achieve their full potential in the pursuit of his/her skating goals, and to transfer
those skills to their future education, career, and other life activities.

  Suggestions and comments from rink management, coaches,
  choreographers, judges, skaters, and parents are welcomed. 

Recommended Reading:

  
References:
Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Pediatric Health and Injury Issues
Pediatric Health Issues
PDF  Pediatric Sports Training Issues
PDF  Juvenile Spondyloarthritis
PDF  Pediatric Rheumatology
PDF  Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACLs)
PDF  Prolonged sitting can cause physical problems
PDF  Stress Fractures in Juvenile Skeletal System
PDF  Juvenile Stress Fractures take time to heal
PDF  Shin Splint Causes

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