Athletes use the term "peaking" or "being in the zone" to describe being in the absolute best condition (physical, emotional and mental) at a specific time for an event or race. It is not a simple process and it requires a lot of experience and planning. However, there are things that can increase the probability of peaking much more likely.
generally aim for one primary event or
goal, and plan the rest of the training season around that data. Some
sports may have a series of international events that are optional. The
practice of awarding cash prices helps to stimulate athlete
participation. Such competitions also help to preview gymnastic and
figure skating programs in front of the judges.
Athletes in lower events may need to "peak" several times during the competitive season. Most sports will have a pre planned competitive season that a training program must work around and provide an environment that allows continual improvement and peaking for season ending championships.