San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Partnered Ice Dancing Events
International Competitive Dance Structure
There have been three different competitive ice dancing events that a couple (man and woman) could enter - Compulsory Dances, Original Dance, and Free Dancing.
The International Olympic Committee was determined to completely eliminate the compulsory so that the ice dancing competition would consist of two segments, like the other three skating disciplines. To their amazement, many in the international ice dancing community were opposed to completely eliminating the compulsory dances. The feeling was that the set patterns of the compulsory dances provided an essential comparison of the dances technical skills, A compromise was reached that created the short dance.
The ISU approved changing the structure of international dancing in 2011. In the 2011–2012 season "Short Dance" and a "Free Dance" replaced the three event compulsory dance, original dance, and free dance structure.
The concept of performing compulsory dances (pattern dance) and original dance were combined. The short dance requires a set rhythm with choreographic freedom within the constraints of required elements. In addition to skating two patterns of a required set pattern dance, dancers also must include a step sequence, a set of twizzles, and a lift.
Competitors are allowed to choose their own music for the short dance provided it is the required rhythm/theme.
Required elements of the short dance include:
Traditional Ice Dancing will be continued in the USA as non qualified dance events.
Ice dancing was built on a foundation of different aspects of ballroom dance that was infused into the medium of ice skating. There is an emphasis on rhythm, interpretation of the music, and precise steps. Ice dancing as a discipline is rooted in its limitless creativity, choreography, its theatrical and innovative aspects, and as skating skills encompassing edging, position, and power.
Ice dancing competitions consist of events of pattern dances only, pattern dances and a free dance, or a short dance and a free dance at different skill levels. For the junior and senior levels, the short dance replaces the pattern dance and original dance events. The short dance reflects the character of selected dance rhythms or themes and contains required elements including a sequence(s) of a selected pattern dance
Ice dancing can also be provided as a track in a Basic Skills program.
Adult and masters
test track skaters have ice
dancing events for pattern dances and
free dance tests. Adult dance competitions have many events for all
skill levels - beginning to advanced. The adult competitive events
consist of pattern dances only or pattern dances and a free dance,
depending on the level.
Ice dancing has
gone through some changes over the past two years. Dance couples
provide their own
pattern dance music for qualifying competitions. The music, like that
for the short dance and free dance, can have vocals.
To enter ice dancing events in non qualifying events, each skater of the team must pass the appropriate test for the level of the event.
A strong background in Moves in the Field (MITF) and basic free skating is highly recommended for anyone wishing to compete in qualifying dance events.
Ice Dancing General Rules and Regulations
Getting Started in Pairs and Ice Dancing For adult skaters, ice dancing has its own adult and masters test tracks for pattern dance and free dance tests.
Developing A Training Plan
Elite Skaters IJS Handbook
Beginning and Test Skaters
USFS Competition Events
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
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