Pairs Free Skating

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Step & Spiral Sequences:

Step sequences: Should be executed together or close together and may include small jump-like movements with not more than half a revolution. Short stops in accordance with the music are permitted.

    All step sequences should be executed according to the character of the music. Credit will be given to a pair which changes places and holds or uses difficult skating moves together during a step sequence. A variety and/or complexity of turns and steps must be distributed throughout the sequence. The workload between both partners must be even to be taken into account for a possible higher level. Step sequence must fully utilize the ice surface.

Spiral sequences: Spiral sequence consists primarily of spirals. A spiral is a position with one blade on the ice and the free leg (including knee and foot) higher than the hip level. Spiral positions are classified according to the skating leg (right, left), edge (outside, inside), direction (forward, backward) and position of the free leg (backward, forward, sideways).

     Pattern of the spiral sequence can be any combination of curves (on edges – spiral positions on a straight line are ignored and not counted in the number of positions).  Variations of position are permitted, including holding the knee or skate blade and the position of the free leg is otherwise free. The skating separately of the partners (shadow or mirror skating) is permitted.

    Only the first three attempted positions are to be considered for level features. At least two spiral positions by each partner must be executed. A spiral position in order to be counted must have a minimum of three seconds hold. The number of spirals, the length of hold of position and the edges used must be even between both partners to be considered as “balanced.”

    If one partner executes no spiral at all, the spiral sequence will receive no level and
consequently no value. A spiral sequence in which all executed spiral positions are held with less than three seconds receives no level and therefore no value.

Pushes in order to gain speed are permitted at any point in the sequence, but only by one partner at a time. Connecting steps (including spread eagles and two-footed movements with one leg extended and the other bent “Ina Bauer”), turns and small jumps are permitted at any point in the sequence, but only by one partner at a time.

*Note: The step sequences and spiral sequences alternate annually as a competition required element in the short program. In years where the spiral sequence is required in the short
program, a step sequence will be required in the free skate program and vice versa.

    A strong background in free skating, especially multi-revolution jumps is highly recommended for anyone wishing to skate competitive in qualifying pair events.


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

PDF Judges Singles & Pairs Training Manual
         Figure Skating Pair Events
         Strategies for Pair Tests
PDF Single/Pair Elements Levels of Difficulty
PDF Pairs Free Skating
         Pair Test Requirements
         Pairs Competition Requirements
         Pair Test Level    
Pairs Events
         Pair Death Spirals
         Pair Lifts
         Pair Throws
         Pair Step Sequences

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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