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Over Doing Training
 
Training requires a balanced approach to be truly effective
       If an individual enjoys a part of their training over all other training components, a chasm will develop that will only increases with time. As a result important training goals are not achieved because the athlete  seems to find an excuse for why they did not have the time to work on specific aspects of their training plan. If a sport requires an athlete to possess a broad range of skills in order to be successful, such an unbalanced training approach is unlikely to be successful.

       The technical aspects of basic fundamental physical skills is essential to success, but is likely to result in a chorus of groans from the athletes.  The Game Theory uses the imagination of the coach and training staff to devise  exercises, that would typically be called a "Drill", as fun activities that incorporates the "drill" activities imperceptibly into games that competitively challenge the participants.

       High intensity fitness programs and "boot camps" push the individual to the brink and often past their ability can cause serious injuries. There is a problem in that these training routines generally ignore the critical role of "exercise progression," varying your workouts, and periods for rest and regeneration (Recovery).

William Kraemer, a professor of kinesiology, physiology, neurobiology, and medicine
at the University of Connecticut. In fact, the demands of these uber-intense workout
programs create physiological distress, raising adrenal stress levels and cortisol, a stress
hormone that can dampen immunity, raising susceptibility to colds. Source - USNews

The No Pain No Gain Mantra
       How frequently have you heard people say that "Unless you feel the pain, there isn't any Gain!"  Over training is very serious problem, especially with individuals who think endless hours of attacking the arms day after day is the way to go. Training while sore does not do any good. It is necessary to rest and allow the muscles heal and then participate in another session.

       Strenuous exercising actual breaks down muscles figure and need protein to repair them. This process generally requires 48 hr. for recovery to completely occur. Repeating the same or similar strenuous exercises  everyday does do any good for the muscles. Remember "Less is More" so exercise using a smart approach and don't over do a good thing!

       Some athletes are surprised to learn that muscles do not grow while exercising. The muscles may swell and get hard, but they do not actually grow. Actually what is occurring is that the exercising is injuring the muscles to the point where the body's response is to rebuild/enlarge the muscles as a survival mechanism. This rebuilding occurs during the rest and recovery period after exercising. Failure to provide enough time for the body recover results in the muscle size to decrease.

The drive to achieve success can be overdone.
       Athletes can over do their training. By stressing the body's physical, mental, or emotional systems, beyond its normal capacity, it creates additional stress, and eventually causes a total overload resulting in shutting down. Such a result can be catastrophic unless professional intervention occurs.

       Trainers suggest that an athlete is given a rest phase, the body can build a stronger system. Their training plan consists of overloading the body system followed by letting the system rest and rebuild, and then stressing it again to a higher level.

       The concept of "Periodization: is built on the premise that managing this stress-and-rest cycle can optimize improvement and maximize the overall gain in performance. The form of periodization must be carefully applied to a individual athlete whose physical characteristics and their training age may produce unexpected results. 

       Skaters, parents, and coaches should proceed with caution and not engage in a radical program until they have explored a modified training program that does not push the athlete to extreme limits.

Recommended Reading:

PDF  Trainability of Children
PDF  Trainability of Young Athletes and Over training

References:

Developing Training Plans

Developing A Plan for Success

Training Considerations

Physical and Mental Training Considerations

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Fitness Training Considerations
    
Kirkpatrick's Evaluating Training Programs
Skating Training Environment
Training Figure Skaters
Group Classes
Fitness Training
Personal Training Plan
Daily Training Plan
Seasonal Training
Training for Junior & Senior Athletes
Age Guidelines for Training
Developing a Plan for Training
Developing Skating Skills
Group Training Stages
Training Priorities
Strategies of Sports Training
Training Task Analysis
Value of Annual Planning
Competitive Training Strategies
Verbal and Nonverbal Communications
PDF  Core Body Training
PDF  Endurance Training Plan

  
 
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