San Diego Figure Skating Communications
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Stopping Training Produce a
Major Loss in Acquired Skills
Athletes must continue strength training throughout the entire competitive season to maintain their skills and endurance. However, at the end of the season, when the training ceases the effect of the training is gradually reduced at approximately one third of the rate of acquisition. After an eight week lay-off, much of the benefits are lost/reversed. A reduced volume of training during the off season can prevent the loss of the acquired skills while providing the physical, mental, and emotional recovery.
must continue training throughout
their competitive life
to writing an off-season conditioning program for skating athletes,
it is important to examine the physiological demands of
the sport. The process requires a coach
to assess the physiological demands of the specific sport. This is best
"needs analysis". Unfortunately, sports scientists have not analyzed
and published the
demands of the various disciplines of figure skating. This is more
information available on speed skating and hockey.
Skating Injuries - Changes in the Sport - Welcome to US Figure ...
However, the suggestion that these changes have contributed to a higher incidence of overuse injuries requires further analysis.
Fundamentals of Alignment and Classical ... - Ballet for ...
Fundamentals of Alignment and Classical Movement for Figure Skaters ... through visualization techniques and intuitive analysis can improve technical ability. ... or conditioning class and put it within the grasp of the figure skater's needs.
Creating Longevity and Mobility in Figure Skaters - SportMed BC
Dec 31, 2000 ... When working with athletes in the sport of figure skating, we must focus .... A needs analysis must be performed at the beginning of any training
School of Sport and Exercise Science at the University of ...
Gray, D. P., Chen, M., Hsieh, L. & Hadley, T. (2002) Marketing Research, United States Figure Skating Needs Assessment.
Off-Ice Training - Colonial Figure Skating Club
To conduct assessment sessions that identify the needs of each skater. To develop, implement, and supervise an off-ice training program for strength and the typical activity profile of a competition or game.
Designing a Fitness Training
Separate from a needs
analysis, it is important
to also consider
the growth and maturation of a young
athletes and their physiological status to stick with a physical
training program. The overall goal of physical training
of a young athlete should be to establish a solid foundation of basis
skill on which future skills can be built. Training programs should
look beyond the preparing the young
athlete for the upcoming season, but rather for long term success and
enjoyment of the sport.
Establishing sound training principles and exercise techniques when a beginner insures that they master basic movements and drills first, before progressing to more advanced movements. At each stage in an athlete s development should incorporate new drills and exercises into the their training to challenge our athletes.
Goals of the Training Program
The outline needs to establish
goals to guide the design
implementation of the off-season conditioning program. The following
general goals should be incorporated into the
Structure of the Training
A typical training session
should began with a 15-20 minute
warm-up phase should provide an
opportunity to perform a series of fundamental movement
skills that elevates the athlete's muscle temperature and physically
prepare the athlete for more intense exercises and drills.
It is extremely important to use this warm-up regimen consistently in the competitive season prior to practices and competitions. On and Off-Ice training should incorporate exercises to practice agility, strength, flexibility, and coordination. Following the warm-up phase, a training session must be designed to transfer the drills and exercises to support our training goals.
exercises is a training
variable that is critical to addressing the training goals. When
considering the goal of improving core strength, it is important
to include exercises that promote trunk stabilization and a
exercises that strengthen the hip muscles.
The use of a circuit training format will alternate movements that target different muscle groups giving our athletes time for an adequate recovery while maximizing the quality of work performed in an efficiency period of time. Keeping in mind the age of my athletes and the goal of establishing a foundation for future success, It is very desirable to give athletes time to master a particular exercise in a physiological (i.e. gain in strength) and technical (i.e. motor skill development) perspective before increasing the exercises to a more physically demanding level or increasing their complexity.
Each type of exercise will
recovery and work ratios for each age group. High quality workouts must
not exceed the athletes limitation for an adequate rest between
sessions. The coach must focus on
technique and managing the training session.
It is very important to communicate for the coaching staff to communicate to athletes and their parents, the physical training goals and determine how much time they will commit for physical training. Since there are financial and time constraints, the conditioning coach must develop creative ways to encourage athletes to put a serious effort into developing their physical skills in the off-season. Off-Ice and On-Ice practice sessions must incorporate warm-up, injury prevention training, and endurance training. The activity profile of each specific sport must be considered when designing physical training exercises.
Every coach/training must
baselines for each exercise so the success of the training can be
accessed prior to transitioning from physical training to the
in-season is fitness testing. Endurance is the primary component that
can provide valuable information
concerning the athlete's physical capacity as well to provide feedback
motivation state to the athletes.
Off Season Conditioning April 9, 2011 ... -Off Season Conditioning-. Stay in shape and on top of your high school sports game all year round, with Off Season Conditioning.
Off Season Training This sample off season training plan is designed to redress imbalances that can occur during the competitive year.
Coach's Guide to Offseason Conditioning Follow this training workout from a certified strength and conditioning coach to make sure all your players are ready for optimal performance next season.
PDF Off-Season Conditioning Strength Training and Nutrition. Strategies to Build a Solid Base.Resources:
Physical and Mental Training Considerations
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.