Ice Skating Training Facilities

Hosted by
San Diego Figure Skating Communications

Multiple Ice Surfaces

If one sheet of ice is good, two sheets is even better
      The usually concept of a multiple ice surface is based on one rink having seating of 1 to 2 thousand spectators and the second sheet having very limited or no seating. Locker rooms and other amenities would be shared.

      The addition of recreational facilities to the rink adds to the appeal for the project by the local community.   Example of a  Dual Rink Recreation Center
Doubling the ice surface does not double the cost of operation
      There is an advantage to adding an additional ice rink include the increasing revenue without much additional labor (the public sessions and group skating classes are the most labor intensive part of operating a regular ice schedule. 

      Ice shows, carnivals, figure skating competitions, speed skating races, curling meets, and hockey league games also incur extra expenses for trash clean up and rest room maintenance. The sponsoring host organizations provide their volunteer labor to staff their events. Extra customers make the food service more profitable.

      The same ice resurfacing equipment can also be used for an additional sheet of ice if care is taken to organize the schedules of the rinks to avoid the need to resurface each rink at the same time.  However, it is highly recommended that the rink invest in a second resurfacing machine to avoid equipment break- downs that would shut down the operation of all ice sheets. Multiple individuals should be trained to operate and maintain the resurfacing equipment.

      In many cases adding a second sheet of ice does not require doubling the capacity of the compressors, especially if the second sheet of ice is part of the design specifications in the original construction plan.

      Ideally the compressors are sized to run at 60 to 70% of the maximum load of outside temperature and humidity, but can be maintained with one compressor in the winter when the load is light due to the outside temperature and humidity is much lower. Ideally one compressor can be down for maintenance during the winter.

      The compressor load will be at its maximum during the summer when the outside heat load peaks. Because of humidity, extra cooling power is necessary to maintain in indoor air at a low level of humidity to avoid condensation on the building structure. It is never wise to push the compressors to full capacity, except in an emergency.  A small compressor can be sized to operate the dehumidifying equipment during the day without operating a larger compressor that is used to maintain the ice.

Blake Ice Arena - Natural gas desiccant heating system
“Moisture is a big problem for ice rinks in Minnesota during summer,” explained ... Installing dehumidifying equipment has added six months of additional revenue per year.”

      Running the compressors during peak power periods increases the power rates. Having a reserve of super cooled coolant allows the compressors to run at lower costs at night without excessive bringing down the ice and building temperature. 

      Backup brine and heat exchange pumps should be installed and used on a regular basis to insure they are in full working order.  Remember that if you can't make ice, you will not collect any revenue so several days of being closed can result in a sizable loss that far exceeds the necessary expense of maintenance and installation of a second ice resurfacer, compressor, plus coolant and heat exchange pumps.

      Special sessions of curling, speed, hockey, and figure skating sessions can be contracted to the host organizations which reduces the rink personnel to a minimum.

      The food service and sports shop can be leased out or operated in-house.  Additional sheets of ice means extra demand and increased profitability.

Projecting Revenues
      The revenue from public sessions and group classes is major source of income in the first year the rink opens. This will usually decline in subsequent years unless a marketing plan is developed an implemented in the first year to is designed to attract new customers plus retaining and expanding facility usage by existing customers.

      Hockey's primary demand for ice starts in the fall and generally is drastically reduced with its last match of the season in late winter. This leaves a lot of ice time that is available in the remaining five months the rink operates.  Figure skating has a constant demand for ice that can double or triple during the summer vacation period - mid June through August. Actual dates vary according to local school districts.

        It is reasonable to introduce curling and speed skating into the schedule to generate an interest that will fill the schedule for a second sheet of ice. There is a limiting factor that is age related when it comes to scheduling elementary school hockey and figure skaters at 5:00 a.m. school mornings.

      A similar problem confronts older hockey and figure skaters who work and/or attend college full time when session are scheduled at times that are inconvenient to attend. For example, at dinner time when they are able to attend because of commuter traffic.  Late sessions that end a midnight will not attract as much business compared to sessions that end at 11:00 p.m. allowing the skaters to get a reasonable night's sleep before having to start the next workday.

      The heaviest evening public sessions are Friday and Saturday from 8:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. with "moonlight" sessions from 10:30 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. Saturday and Sunday afternoons from 2:00 to 4:00 p.m. are very popular with pre-teen and teenage skaters.

      Sunday and Monday evenings are an excellent time to schedule speed skating or curling. Figure skating sessions are generally offered from Monday through Friday mornings starting at 5:00 a.m. with coffee club sessions from 9:30 to 11:30 a.m.

      Group classes are well attended on Monday through Friday afternoons after public sessions. Saturday morning is generally a time reserved for more advanced figure skating group classes. Non league group hockey classes and league games are usually reserved for Sunday mornings.

      Adult group skating classes are generally schedule an hour before the Tuesday through Thursday evening public sessions.

      Special school, YMCA, and park/recreation groups may be scheduled on holidays or when year round schools are on breaks.

Nontraditional sources of revenue for the rink include - ice soccer and broomball.

Welcome to
Broomball originated in Canada in the early 1900’s and has grown into a popular sport on all levels with youth, men, women and coed teams playing competitively and recreationally.

Broomball can be played on a frozen lake or pond, an ice hockey rink or on a gym floor. It is played with rules and ... Ice arena managers across the country have discovered the benefits of adding a broomball program to fill vacant ice time.

Team players strike a ball the size of a small soccer ball with specially designed brooms and try to score goals into a net guarded by a goal tender. The brooms are made of corn-straw dipped in rubber or solid molded rubber.

Helmets are required. Other protective gear such as elbow pads, knee pads, shin guards, and gloves are strongly recommended but not mandatory. Rubber soled, non-marking athletic shoes are recommended for better traction on the ice. No spikes, cleats, heavy boots, or similar footwear is permitted.

The Rules
Game Basics:  An official game consists of two 20 minute running periods. Players wear shoes instead of skates.

Teams:  Each team has a goalie, three forwards, and two defensemen (same line up as hockey). Goals scored by women equal 2 points while goals scored by men equal 1 point.

Sliding:  Any intentional sliding will result in a penalty shot for the opposing team. Repeated sliding may result in the ejection of players involved.

Checking:  Broomball is a non-contact sport. Absolutely NO checking is allowed. A person must be under control and cautious while running on the ice.

High Broom:  A high broom is called when a players stick is raised approximately above shoulder level. A minor penalty is called unless an injury occurs as a result of the high broom which is a major penalty. Irresponsible broom handling will not be tolerated.

Penalties:  Most penalties will result in a free penalty shot for the opposing team.

Goalies:  Goalies may NOT throw or roll the ball beyond the face-off circle, but he/she can pass the ball with their broom as far as they want. Any ball that goes behind the net is the goalies ball.

Kicking:  Kicking the ball is not allowed, except from a players foot to his/her own broom. This includes the goalie.

Looking for a fun and exciting event for your next party? Try Broomball!  It is a great post-Homecoming, post-Turnabout Dance or post-Prom activity. Whether you are young or old, broomball will sweep you away.

Forest Ice Broomball Sticks, Balls, Shoes, Equipment, Clothing ...
Broomball sticks, equipment by Forest Ice, broomballs, broomball shoes and broomball sticks and teams, clinics, championships, broomball rules.

Glenview Ice Center - Broomball
Broomball games are played on our Studio rink. Fees include cost of rink rental ($112-$140 per hour) plus rental of broomball equipment ($25).

Nazareth Ice Oasis        
A maximum of 15 players to each side using the full length of the ice surface plus nets. Equipment which includes, helmets, broom ball sticks, and ball are provided and included in the price of $350.00 an hour, with 30 people that equals less then $12.00 per person. Broom Ball is available Tuesday & Thursday only. Starting at 12:00 am to 1:00 a.m..

Ice Soccer Rules
The objective of ICE SOCCER, as in traditional field soccer, is to kick the ball into the net to score points,

Game times vary from 30-60 minutes, depending on ice time available. A full on-ice adult team has nine (9) players: one (1) goalie, six (6) slammers (when on offense) or blockers (when on defense) and two (2) backs. Youth teams have ten (10) players per side (an extra back).

The objective of ICE SOCCER, as in traditional field soccer, is to kick the game projectile (the Boot) through the opponents goal to score points; restrictions exist for use of the hands and arms. Unlike field soccer, however, ICE SOCCER does not permit “heading” or “slide tackles.”

Offside rules are completely different from those of both field soccer and ice hockey. Penalty situations exist for unsportsman like conduct and play infractions.

For casual recreation play, as with the "sandlot" play of many sports, rules can be modified to accommodate the size of the playing surface and the numbers and mix of players available


Ice Rinks - Alfa Laval Plate Heat Exchanger vs. Ice Arenas ...
The new design offers many advantages over traditional shell-and tube chillers ... or add an additional ice surface), more plates can easily be added

SMSC Ice Arena - Steel Joist Institute (SJI)
SMSC Ice Arena. Project Team. Structural Engineer: Clark Engineering Corporation ... wished to add an additional ice arena to the community's existing sport and fitness ... What were the advantages of the chosen structural system?

New owners working to put Planet Ice on solid ground » Local ...
May 9, 2010 ... Additional community hockey leagues and high school hockey programs have begun talking about ... They are already talking about adding speed skating and curling programs.

Ice Arena Expansion/Build Considerations (30K PDF) - Rink ...
To build or not to build, one ice sheet or two, renovate two or add a third, shut down for the summer or not? Planned Ice ... It simply provides another way to fill additional ice.

City of Stamford - Ice rink plan to get further study: City to fund feasibility study
Rink is expected to cost $5.5 million. "Bridgeport is adding a second ice rink. Greenwich is actively contemplating a rink.

Ice rink becomes hot business | Austin Business Journal
Oct. 14, 2002 ... Five-year-old Anne rejected ballet but loved the ice rink.

Penn State gets $88 million gift, will build ice arena - ...
Penn State gets $88 million gift, will build ice arena. ... and PSU's development people are hoping there may be additional gifts in the future. ... By adding PSU, the B10 can now form its own hockey league with UW, UMinn, MSU, OSU, UM.

Penn State 'close' to adding arena, Division I hockey ...
Aug. 6, 2010 ... Rumors and speculation have existed for more than a decade, ... a new ice hockey arena near the Bryce Jordan Center and adding men's and women's Division I varsity ice hockey.

Rockville, Maryland Ice Arena Getting Ready To Tap the Sun to generate power
April 20, 2010 ...  Press Release 

City of Eau Claire Ice Arena Renovation
All of the inside demolition is done. 90% of the footings have been poured for the new outside walls. The project will cost between $5.5 - $6 Million.

It includes adding a 3rd rink, increasing the seating, adding three balconies (2 roughly finished, 1 for future addition due to budget constraints), new offices, new concession stand, new lobby / entrance, and the most needed part for the Blugold’s are the brand new Men’s and Women’s locker rooms.

This project is scheduled to be completed in October in time for the start of the new season. This is the first major work to be done on the building since it opened some 35+ years ago (notice the retro color on the outside).


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Starting An Ice Skating Rink    
PDF  Recreation Facilities
PDF  Discussion of Multiple Ice Surfaces
Multiple Ice Surfaces
PDF  Skating Training Center PDF  Marketing Skating to Schools
PDF  History of Ice & Refrigeration Systems

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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