San Diego Figure Skating Communications
Minor Sports InjuriesReferences:
Many sports injuries can be
Sports generally fall
into two types of sports -
Contact sports, like rugby and judo,
Non-contact sports like tennis, skating, swimming and cricket.
Some non-contact sports, such as basketball, waterpolo, and baseball have penalties for person-to-person contact when it does occur. There are types of injury that are more common in contact sports, than in non-contact sports.
A qualified trainer can
recognize most major sports injuries by their
signs and symptoms, and immediately provide required first aid
treatment on site. Head
injuries, concussion, major lacerations, soft tissue injuries, and
are easily recognizable injuries and someone trained in
basic first aid can act as a first responder who can stabilize the
athlete before transporting to a doctor's office or hospital for
Some sports injuries are common and require specific first aid treatment, not necessarily immediate transport to a hospital; however, these injuries should not be ignored and warrant a follow up visit to the family physician. The following are examples of some of these common injuries:
Cramps are characterized by pain, tenderness, loss of power and stiffening or spasms of the muscles. Muscles respond to rest, application of an ice pack, then subsequent gentle stretching. Do NOT massage the affected muscles!
Tennis elbow is characterized by pain usually centered over the bone on the outer side of the joint that becomes more severe on movement. The casualty may need medical attention for pain relief, so application of an ice pack and support in a sling, as well as a visit to hospital, is advised.
Repetitive injuries should be examined and treated by a medical professional.
Some sports injuries sustained by many athletes are chronic, and recur on a regular basis. After a doctor has assessed the athlete, and determined that no other form of treatment is necessary, may prescribe strapping/taping be applied by a qualified person to support the injured part.
Sprains and strains Sprains and strains — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment, prevention of ligament and muscle damage.
Bruise: First aid — How to administer first aid for a bruise.
Knee pain — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of this common joint condition.
Water on the knee — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of knee fluid buildup.
knee: Cause of serious injury? A hyper extended knee may tear or
detach some of the
ligaments in the knee.
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.