Inputs & Responses
Responsibility of Instructional Designer
It is the responsibility of
instructional designer to develop a flow chart that illustrates every
step that is required to accomplish the desired final goal.
of an Instructional Design Flowchart
testing the flow chart provides an opportunity to see if a reasonable
number of people will be attracted to perform the first behavior of a
chain and continue by taking the next step in the list.
It is natural
that some individuals will not show any interest in taking the second
step. After every session, there should be a critical analysis with
revisions to the chart. This process is continued for every step until
process successfully achieves the desired behavioral changes and meets
an acceptable number who complete the training process.
The following model lists the basic steps and phases of
- Analyzing the
need for instruction (needs analysis), curriculum requirements, and the
limitations and resources available for instruction. ANALYZE PHASE
- Analyzing the instructional goals, learners' needs, and
their prior knowledge (entry level skills). DESIGN PHASE
- Constructing assessments (as you consider goals, learners'
needs, and prior knowledge). DESIGN PHASE
instructional strategies and select instructional media that best
facilitates student understanding of new knowledge and supports the
instructional strategies. DEVELOPMENT PHASE
- Implementing the design: teaching/learning experience and
student understanding (assessments). IMPLEMENT PHASE
the actual lesson or course you designed: evaluate the connection
between goals and understanding, effectiveness of instructional
strategies and media. Revise for the next course or lesson. Revise for
the next time you teach the class.
Buying into the Concept of
Training is Essential
Unless people buy into the concept
(purpose) of the training, they will most likely feel forced to attend
the sessions. As a course designer/trainer is important to approach the
planning and execution of workshops and seminars with a positive
attitude. The person who is developing the training must understand the
following areas in order to effectively market the value of attending:
- What is the training designed to
- How does it benefit the learner?
- What practical applications are
- What can be improved to change
the "status quo?"
- How is it possible to
avoid stressful changes?
Recognizing stress is the first step to
eliminating or lessening its impact. The consistence occurrence of
stressful situation tends to desensitize us to the causes of stress as
a result of being constantly in a stressed state becomes the "new"
normal. Attempt to write down what being fully relaxed and alert feels
A balanced emotional state varies according to
age, if we are male or female, and our role (wife/mother,
husband/father) as a provider. It is easier to say that we should
There are physical changes in our body that
are caused by stress related tenseness. Breathing becomes more rapid,
muscles become tense, and blood pressure increases. Sometimes acute
headaches occur. Individuals tend to respond to stress in three
different ways such as becoming:
- Calm state of energy
- is more than just feeling relaxed,
- Alertness - is an
equally important aspect of finding the balance needed to withstand
- Focus - being alert
Good Health, Injuries, and
- Angry, agitated,
- Spaced out or
- Frozen or paralyzed
and under excited.
Everyone hopes that they and their children
will have good health and not experience any life threatening
illnesses. There is a wild card of some sports and activities involve
more physical risks. Also some personalities may not be able to handle
the stress levels of competing, especially sports that involve multiple
events cumulating in a season ending playoff.
Even in academic pursuits, there is
considerable stress associated with getting into a prestigious
university, pressure to join a fraternity or sorority, get into
graduate, law, or medical school, and/or to be offered a well paying
job upon graduation. Today the stress begins in some families
attempting to enroll their unborn child into a prestigious pre-school
along with announcements and elaborate celebrations of graduation from
March 10, 2003 ... As learning architects, teachers design
instruction. ... the
elements of the instructional design framework represented in a
- PDF Instructional
Systems Design Phases of Instructional Design.
Development of initial Content ideas. Task Analysis. Concept Analysis.
Preliminary Program Description.
- What is Dysautonomia?
It is the sum total of all the mental
and physical inputs that we receive throughout life. Autonomia refers to the autonomic nervous system.
We have two
nervous systems. The one whose function we all understand is called the
voluntary system. This enables us to carry out willed function that we
can stop or start as we desire or need. The autonomic system is not
under voluntary or willed control. It is controlled automatically by
the lower part of the brain known as the limbic system and brainstem.
The brainstem is that part of the brain that connects to the spinal
cord and it contains control centers that deal with automatic breathing
among other important responsibilities.
Expert Human Factors: Reaction Time
processing time is itself a composite of four sub stages: ... In general, novel input slows response, as does low signal
probability, uncertainty (signal location, time ... Instead, the stopping is a function of
physical forces, gravity and friction.
Importance of Yoga for Sports Persons Feb. 5, 2011 Yoga is a
holistic system - teaching skills which many sports persons seek, such
as control over the mind, control over the body, good breathing, etc.
- Autonomic Nervous
System - NDRF The
autonomic nervous system conveys sensory impulses from the blood
vessels , the heart and all of the organs in the chest, abdomen and
Disorder All kids have
worries and doubts. But some have obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD)
in which their worries compel them to behave in certain ways.
The following internet
links have been
gleaned from personal communications
public institutions and athletic
have a web presence with information concerning team
materials are copy protected.
use of the
materials for education purposes is allowed providing
for the source of the materials.