The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
The effort taken to lesson plan can help to insure successful in organizing courses by incorporating your best teaching practices and student learning into the design process assists students meeting the learning objectives of the course.
Each teacher may have a different style they feel comfortable using to plan lessons. There are common elements that lesson plans contain based on the body of knowledge known about enhancing the learning process:
Educational psychologist, Robert Gagné identified nine instructional events and corresponding cognitive processes that can be used to support learning. They are often used as a framework for instructional development when the acquisition of intellectual skills is the goal of instruction.
The nine events of instruction are:
Lesson Plans are topic outlines that provides continuity when the teacher is
Lesson Plan -
structure/organized presentation of ideas & concepts that are built
on a foundation
Every figure skating lesson plan should be aligned with USFS standards. Students should be taught what is required to prepare them for passing a specific test level and be assessed to determine if the course provides the foundation for subsequent tests. Demonstrate in the lesson plan how the objective correlates with USFS standards.
As an example, if you wanted to teach your students how to fall down correctly without getting hurt. Your primary objective is that "Each beginning student will learn how to bend their knees and ease themselves to the ice to reduce the possibility of injury".
To measure if the above
objective is met, the learner will need to participate in
an assessment/ evaluation. For example, the learner will be asked to
demonstrate how fall
correctly so the teacher can assess or measure skill development
through direct observation.
There can be more than one
objective in a lesson plan. Each objective
needs to have a means of assessing the progress of the learner in
acquiring the objective.
Broad and narrow objectives:
In the lesson plan, define your
central core or concept of the lesson. In addition, describe how to
stimulate and maintain the students' interest in
learning what you plan on teaching. For example, tell them the student
the expected outcome and why it is important for them to acquire the
It is not necessary to write a
script that will be used to demonstrate each and every step
outlined in the objective of the lesson
plan. However, you should list the relevant actions you plan on
After the procedures have been
for independent practice. For the example of above,
students could be given time to time in classes to practice the skill
of falling down safely. This allows immediate positive feedback and an
opportunity to clarify points if necessary. Make every attempt for
students to have acquired the correct technique prior to the class
ending. If necessary, assign a teacher's aid to provide extra attention
to help the learner.
Sports lesson plans need an
assessment/evaluation to determine if the objectives are achieved.
The key in developing any assessment is to make sure that the
assessment specifically measures the objectives of the lesson plan.
There must be a direct correlation between the objectives
and the assessments. For example, if the objective is to learn how to
center a spin, the criteria would have to define precisely what
tolerance is acceptable for a spin to be considered centered - i.e.
traveled <6 inches, 6 to 12 inches, 12 or more inches.
A well written lesson plan will allow another instructor to be able to successfully step in to teach your class.
Example - Physical and Health Lesson Plan for Challenge Fitness Stations
Writing a good lesson plan is a requirement for every public school teacher. Lesson plans are necessary for times when you may require someone to substitute for you in the classroom because of a sudden illness or be absent for an approved activity .
There are different methods of writing a lesson plan:
Traffic Patterns PDF
There are generally accepted sections recommended for inclusion in lesson plans. However, you will find that you rarely need all the following sections on every lesson plan you write.
Forward - Ballet for Figure Skaters "Lessons in Classical Ballet for the Figure Skater" Notebooks filled with lesson plans specifically designed for the needs of the figure skater.
Each lesson plan should include the following information as a heading that includes the following:
Lesson Description: The lesson description should be a brief overview of what the lesson is about including the topic focus, activities and purpose. University of Tennessee: Lesson Plan The Educator's Reference Desk: Write a Lesson Plan Guide
Required Materials: Listing what materials you or your students will need for the lesson will help you when preparing the lesson. Ask yourself, "What materials, resources and technology do I need for the lesson?"University of Tennessee: Lesson Plan This includes textbooks, handouts, calculators, computers, printers, Internet connection, etc.
Time Estimates/Time Allotted: How many class meetings or hours do you think will be needed to complete this lesson?University of Tennessee: Lesson Plan
Safety Precautions: Describe any special concerns for safety or welfare that might arise during this lesson.UNC Wilmington: North Carolina's Six Part Lesson Plan Format
Student Products: Are there any things that the students will be creating during the lesson? Examples of products include reports, newsletters, diagrams, drawing, database, media presentation, etc. University of Tennessee: Lesson Plan
The prerequisite skills or "present level of performance" section is where you list the skills the students must have in order to succeed with the lesson. University of Tennessee: Lesson Plan This should include any technological skills they will need. You should also list what concepts the students should have mastered before beginning this lesson. The Educator's Reference Desk: Write a Lesson Plan Guide For example, a student should master multiplying one digit numbers before beginning multiplication of two digit numbers.
Objectives, Goals and Standards
Objectives, or goals, are arguably the most important part of any lesson plan. The objectives will help determine the aim and rationale for what your students are doing in class that day. Objectives should be divided into two major types: long-range and short-range.
Here are some guidelines for writing good objectives. Objectives should contain the:
Objectives should be measurable, specific and observable.
What is the overall purpose of the unit plan or curriculum goal?
What should the students be able to do by the end of the unit?
What should the students be able to do by the end of the lesson?
To what degree should the students be able to do the task successfully?
How will you know or be able to prove that the students have achieved the objective?
A template can be developed to use as a guide for creating an indiviualized lesson plan. Be sure to include the following topic areas in developing your lesson plans:
Minimum Requirements for Class:
Step-by-Step Procedure that will be followed:
Lesson Planning Mistakes A list of mistakes made in writing lesson plans and an explanation of what to do about them in order to improve and communicate effectively.
Write a Lesson Plan Guide Dec 1, 1999. Write a Lesson Plan Guide. How to Develop a Lesson Plan. We have received several questions regarding how to write a good lesson plan.
Lesson Plans - How to Write Effective Lesson Plans Writing a lesson plan does not have to be difficult. This is the time for a teacher to show their creativity. This is an example of a how-to create effective lesson plans.
The Learning Process
Figure Skating Skill Development
Principles of Sports Training:
Developing Course Materials:
Developing Training Plans
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.