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Learning Topics 

      Learning and memory are closely related concepts. Learning is the acquisition of skill or knowledge, while memory is the ability to recall the information what you have been exposed. Just being able to memorize facts/information does not suggest that you actually understand and can apply the information to comprehend and formulate new ideas/concepts.

      Sometimes learning is a process involving trial and error or is a systematic application of the process of scientific investigation to search for cause and effect of relationships. A scientist designs an experiment so that changes to one item can observed to see if it causes something else to vary in a predictable way.

      The scientific method helps to focus on a problem that allows the formulation of a hypothesis, design, execute, and evaluate your data to determine if it supports of rejects your hypothesis.

Scientific Investigation Model

       The following links demonstrate how individuals acquire information and motor skills:

      Discovering how to communicate better is a great way to develop your learning skills. Start by becoming a better listener instead of attempting to dominating every conversation.  Communicating with others is all about gauging the effectiveness of communicating a message and techniques for improving interpersonal communication skills by expressing your ideas and understanding the view points of others.

      There are different strategies for communicating depending on the situation. It is highly possible that there are circumstances in which we are more or less effective in communicating then is optimum or desirable.

      The Two-Column Case Model is a technique designed to assist you with stepping back from difficult communications situations so you can identify patterns and select learning goals.  PDF Guide and Lesson Plans 1.1 The Two Column Case Model. 26. 1.2 Collaborative working

      Every individual should develop the ability to be able to problem solve using prior knowledge and experiences. They may not need to conduct formal science investigations use the science process skills which are the methods and procedures of scientific investigation. Problem Solving and Science Process Skills: Science Aug. 24, 2008.

      Science process includes the following skills:
  • Observing Use the 5 senses to find out information about objects: an object’s characteristics, properties, similarities, and other identification features.
  • Classifying The process of grouping and ordering objects.
  • Measuring – Comparison of unknown quantities with known quantities, such as: standard and non-standard units of measure.
  • Communicating – A full spectrum of sensory stimuli such as multimedia, written, graphs, images, or other means to share findings.
  • Inferring Formulation of ideas to explain observations.
  • Predicting Suggesting the most likely (probable) outcome expected.
      Problem solving skills include:
  • Ask Questions Reflect on prior knowledge and experiences to develop their questions as they analyze the problem at hand.
  • Problem Statement A hypothesis of based on the results of answers to questions and prior knowledge and experiences.
  • Isolate and Control Variables Work with only one independent and dependent variable at a time avoid confusion and the collection of erroneous data. Be sure they identify and control variables and insure that do not change throughout the investigation.
  • Record Keeping Accurate records to document data of research collected.
  • Reason by Analogy an inference that findings are related to similar findings in a related investigation.
  • Model Use diagrams, charts, concept maps, graphs, pictures, physical models, and other means to explain an investigation's findings.
Recommended Reading:




The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Learning Considerations
PDF  Attentional Focus
PDF  Spatial Disorientation
PDF  Effects of Mood on Performance
PDF  Confidence through Motivation
PDF  Transfer of Learning Issues

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The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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