The Learning Process
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Learning Systematically 

Play Lists
       Used in the context of music, play lists are digital files arranged in an orderly structure that allows the files to be played one after the other or randomly. When a play list is used as an organizational tool, it allows the user to personalize their listening experience. The important point is being able to choose what information to keep and what to delete from the play list.

       This same concept can be applied to the learning process equally as well. There is a real benefit from being able to progress through a learning play list in a step by step manner. The ability to "rewind" and replay the a sequence, when acquiring a new skill, provides the opportunity to imprint the muscle/nerve response and store it sub- conscious memory chunks that are relevant to the skill set.

       Defining Systematic:
  • Relating to or consisting of a system
  • Presented or formulated as a coherent body of ideas or principles - systematic thought
  • Methodical in procedure or plan - a systematic approach, a systematic scholar
  • Marked by thoroughness and regularity - systematic efforts
  • Relating to, or concerned with classification - specifically

The ADDIE model of Systematic Learning

       The ADDIE model is a generic, systematic, step-by-step framework used by instructional designers, developers, and trainers to achieve a level of professional course development that does not occur if the designer proceeds in a haphazard and unstructured way. The goal is to ensure that:
  • Learners will achieve the goals of the course,
  • Provides for the evaluation of learner's needs,
  • Demands the design and development of training materials and integrate,
  • Requires an evaluation of effectiveness of the training program by incorporating specific, measurable outcomes.
       Most of the current instructional design models used today, such as Instructional Systems Design (ISD), Instructional Systems Design & Development (ISDD), Systems Approach to Training (SAT) or Instructional Design (ID), are variations or spin-offs of the original ADDIE model.

       The generic ADDIE model, stands for -

       Each step, stage or phase leads into the next. Designers depend on a process of receiving ongoing feedback from Focus Groups throughout all phases of the ADDIE model. This allows the designer to make make changes without delaying process to the next design stage.

Analysis phase -  Define and develop a clear understanding of the learners needs, constraints, existing knowledge, skills, and desired outcome of the project.

Design Phase - Identify specific learning objectives, topic outcomes, content, presentation methods and media, learner exercises and assessment criteria to be used. There should be specific criteria of the knowledge level (prerequisite courses) the learner must have passed prior to registering for the course.

Development phase - The beginning of the production process of the materials to be used in the training.

Implementation phase - Field testing the materials by actually presenting and/or delivering the developed plan to a small sample of the intended learning audience.

Evaluation phase - Assess the effectiveness of the topic content and training materials utilized in the training program. Based on the feedback, revise prior to the next implementation or presentation.

Learning how to perform complex motor activities requires an individual to focus on developing a wide range of automatic muscle skills/responses in order to perform the technical aspects of performing complex jumps, spins, turns, edges, and other movements associated with each discipline of figure skating.

      Research is being performed on the actual learning process in sports. To become more effective in teaching skating skills, coaches need to become familiar with the actual process an individual, of any age, must perform to acquire sets of motor skills.

      Athletes in some sports (i.e. figure skating, gymnastics, diving. etc.) express the belief that they receive the maximum benefit from private instruction rather then from group instruction. This is interesting since the vast majority of classroom education from elementary school to post graduate seminars is delivered in a group setting.  Most team and individual sports (football, track and field, tennis, swimming, etc. in high school and college are taught in groups as opposed to an exclusive individual/personal coaching environment.

      There also seems to be a widely shared opinion that top skaters excel in multi-tasking, especially as the sport has moved towards emphasizing the presentation aspect as a necessary quality to succeed in international competitions. Refer to Multi-tasking in Sports

Systematic learning
          Systematic learning is based on a system perspective. The concept requires understanding the applying previously acquired skill sets to the acquisition of nw skills. This avoids the considerable waste of time from approaching the acquisition new skills from a zero perspective. Note: sometimes that are conflicting thoughts about how the process should be conducted. This should have been confronted in the very early stages of the course's instructional design.

Recommended Reading:

PDF Systematic Learning Process Instructional design, starting with the Systematic Learning Process, or PAF. We consider PAF so fundamental, that it is presented in all of our programs.

Training and Development: Systematic Learning
May 9, 2012 ... Part 1 in a series of lessons learned in the training process.

Systematically increasing contextual interference  Systematically increasing contextual interference is beneficial for learning sport skills. Porter JM, Magill RA. Department of Kinesiology, Southern Illinois

Functional Path Training: Systematic Sport Development It is learning to tune into the body and it's inherent wisdom to produce rhythmic ... Systematic Sport Development Model of training and injury rehabilitation.

Systematically increasing contextual interference  Systematically increasing contextual interference is beneficial for learning sport skills. Porter JM, Magill RA. Department of Kinesiology, Southern Illinois

PDF A Systematic Observation of Youth Amateur The analysis of the coaching behaviors in sport settings will provide help to recognize, in particular, how the coach facilitates learning for the athlete.

Systematic Law of Learning Refer to Multi-tasking in Sports Systematic learning. Systematic learning is based on a system perspective. The concept requires understanding the applying


A systematic review of how theories explain learning What do we want to know? Behavior management has been the focus of considerable research, publication and professional development

Ambidexterity - Two Things At Once - Southpaw Ambidextrous   It is the ability to use both your hands with equal ease or facility. It is quite advantageous in certain sports and martial arts to be able to use both sides of your body equally.


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
The System of Learning
Topics of Learning
PDF  Attentional Focus
Importance of Training Stages
Learning Systematically

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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