The Learning Process
 
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Learning Considerations

Learning Occurs Continuously from the Cradle to the Grave
      For most people, learning is a life long process; however, many individuals do not consider of of the possible factors that are involved in learning a new fact, task, or skill. The exception are those who have professional training such as teachers, instructors, business trainers, and sports coaches who have credentials. licenses, or certification issued by the government, university, or professional organization.

      The following materials are provided for anyone who feels they can benefit from acquiring the know- ledge and expertise of people whose profession it is to research and understand how we learn. These are the concepts presented in college education classes.

Background
      In the public education system teachers are regulated by the State Board of Education. The majority of states require public school teachers to have earned a 4 year degree, usually in education with a major English, mathematics, science, or some other area like computers, foreign language, history, arts, music, or physical education. The courses a teacher takes to graduate determines the credential - elementary or secondary grades - a teacher is eligible to receive. Credential requirements may vary from State to state,

      Some states require an extra year of supervised practice teaching in a classroom to receive a teaching credential. There are special credential requirements to be hired as a guidance counselor, Vice Principal, Principal, or superintendent of schools.

      The classroom teacher is required to maintain a weekly set of daily lesson plans so, in the event of being absent, a substitute teacher can step in and conduct one or more days of classes to keep students on track to complete the work necessary to be current with the state mandated course requirements.
   
The Profession of Teaching
      With a degree, a teacher is assumed to have the technical knowledge and be equipped with excellent communication skills. The ability to handle a group of 25 to 35 students is much an art as it is a science.  Communicating with a group is much different than a relationship a teacher and student forms in a small groups (1 teacher to 5 students) environment or private instruction (1 teacher to 1 student).

      The discussion of grading on a curve represents the reality of each individual student bringing a different set of abilities and background experiences that influences how they receive and effectively process the information.

      The use of video projectors has become wide spread as the technology has improved and the cost has become affordable to have teachers trained to use computer software such as PowerPoint and http authoring tools.

      Teachers in a classroom or an athletic environment, share the need to be a subject expert in their field. They also must have the skills to be an excellent communicator, disciplinarian, physiologist, and inspirational/motivational leader.

Class Placement
      Selecting individuals for placement in different classrooms places an emphasis on a student's previous academic progress,  classroom behavior, attention span, and a demonstration of being able to function as positive part of a group learning environment.

      Students "at risk" are evaluated to determine if they have learning disabilities or qualify for "gifted" classes. The bulk of students fall in between so they are equally distributed among the available teachers.

      Typically the regular classroom size ranges up to 35 students while the learning disability, special education, and gifted/Advanced Placement classrooms have same number of students. There ia sport for the theory that students with learning disabilities need extra attention in reading, math, speech and other specialists who consult with the classroom teacher. These assistance may be in the form of pull out or in class tutoring. The gifted students are also thought to need more attention to challenge them to achieve their full potential.

      The regular classroom consists of a range of students whose learning skills can be plotted as a bell curve, This means that for some students, the pace is a little faster than they can handle without an intervention of a classroom assistant to provide extra help to bring them up to speed with their other classmates.

      A small percentage of the students on the high part of the bell curve acquire the materials quickly allowing the teacher to assign them extra credit assignments and or to tudor classmates who need extra help.

The competitive factor in determining class status
      The competition to be selected for the academic gifted program or Advanced Placement Classes (APC) is as stiff as the selection process required of students to make the junior and varsity football, basketball, baseball, and track teams.  Occasionally there are male and females students who are able to compete successfully in both  academic and athletic high school events.

      Unfortunately young students love to classify other children into different groups and call them demeaning names such as "dumb bells" or "nerds".  Young boys generally prefer that their place in the school's social structure be determined by their athletic prowess, not by their academic abilities. Many young girls prefer not to be identified as being "brainy" as they feel this turns off boys in which they are interested in developing a dating relationship.

Recommended Reading:

Physical and Mental Training Considerations

Skill Development Environment

References:

The Learning Process | Learning Commons  Before you read about the learning process, take a moment to take the self assessment quiz. It'll help you to learn some important information about your learning. Take the self assessment quiz. It will help you learn some important information about your learning style.

The Learning Process  Nov. 11, 2003  Various branches of learning theory are used in formal training programs to improve and accelerate the learning process. Key concepts.

Robert Gilman - The Learning Process  June 29, 2000   We each bring an individual pattern of skills and propensities to the learning process.

learning theory - models, product and process  Dec. 4, 2011  This lack of attention to the nature of learning inevitably leads to an impoverishment of education. 

Learning Process | Study Habits  June 12, 2010   As human beings we are constantly in one learning process after the other.

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Learning Considerations
PDF  Attentional Focus
PDF  Spatial Disorientation
PDF  Effects of Mood on Performance
PDF  Confidence through Motivation
PDF  Transfer of Learning Issues

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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