San Diego Figure Skating Communications
is a designed to
The following specific teaching strategies have been found to be useful. Each strategy has been
tested in classroom situations and been validated to demonstrate effectiveness. The strategies can be used across a range of subject matters:
Response cards: Cards, signs or items that are used by students to indicate their response to a
question or problem presented by the teacher. Response cards allow a teacher to provide practice for allstudents simultaneously instead of just calling on one or two students. Evaluation indicated that withresponse cards well over ten times as many student responses were obtained, with higher test scores,than without response cards.
Guided Notes: Teacher prepared handouts that guide a student through a lecture with standard cues and specific spaces in which to write key facts, concepts, and relationships. Data support higher test scores when guided notes are used, and that student notes are more accurate after using guided notes.
Error Correction: The use of multiple opportunities for students to practice (respond) to materials during the acquisition phase of learning, while providing immediate feedback and error correction thatensures that students don't practice errors. Error correction has been shown to improve student learningin a range of studies.
Time Trials : Following the acquisition phase of learning, used to help students build fluency, i.e., the ability to respond quickly and accurately within a given time limit and to retain learning over time. Studies have shown that time trials improve student accuracy and that students like time trials.
Source - PDF Ohio State University
Instructional Techniques Set Positive Precedents in Training Instruction
It is important to keep learners physically and mentally active during training programs. Use every opportunity to get people involved.
Precedents are prior instances that establish what the instructer/presentor expects and sets the tone for how future class sessions will be conducted. These are not formal rules that people must follow, but department heads may strongly recommend a list of protocols. The following are a list of precedents you can use as a teacher in your training sessions that can produce a better learning climate:
Start on time: If there’s one thing I’ve noticed that incites people to show up on time is the idea of walking in after the session has started.
Take breaks as scheduled: The temptation to finish a lesson before the break is strong. But if it’s time for a break, just take it. It doesn’t matter where it occurs within any particular lesson. This will help people have confidence in your ability to manage time.
Accept all learner input: How you react to people’s comments affects their willingness to continue commenting, and therefore, participating.
Handle problems promptly: If you show a willingness to resolve problems as they appear, learners will have more confidence in you and be more willing to follow your directions.
Minimize the role of slides:
Most people hate
“Death by PowerPoint” training. If you create opportunities to share
experiences, compare opinions, and try out new ideas, you set a tone
that makes people excited to be there.
Source - Langevin
Some people call this tool a "Job Aids", In reality this is a description that includes each and every step from start to completition of an process that has not become a part of the individual's long term memory.
When creating any aid, remember to focus on who will use it. Use terms that the user will easily comprehend. Use photos or illustrations in combination with a written description to make sure each step is crystal clear so no misunderstandings can occur.
Tips on creating user-friendly job aids.
Designing effective Web Base Training (WBT) programs have become a
crucial part of an educational strategic plan to provide learners with the know-
ledge and skills the learners need to acquire quickly and effectively.
PDF The Validation of an Instructional Design This research study aims to validate a model of instructional design and development.
PDF The Development and Validation of a Survey Instrument. for the Evaluation of Instructional Aids. Elaine Strachota. Steven W. Schmidt. Simone C. O. Conceição.
PDF Development and validation of a systematically ... validated instructional materials to teach Internet search skills, (5) paucity of faculty members proficient in Internet searching, and (6) unreasonable expectations
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.