The Learning Process
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Instructional Design Models

      An instructional design model gives structure and meaning to an I.D. problem, enabling the would-be designer to negotiate her design task with a semblance of conscious understanding.  Models help us to visualize the problem, to break it down into discrete, manageable units.

      The value of a specific model is determined within the context of use. Like any other instrument, a model assumes a specific intention of its user. A model should be judged by how it mediates the designer's intention, how well it can share a work load, and how effectively it shifts focus away from itself toward the object of the design activity.
-Martin Ryder

What is design? (Bilton)
What is Instructional Design? (Berger and Kam) (Leigh)
History of Instructional Design (Douglas Leigh)
What is Instructional Design Theory?
What is technology? (Bilton) Theory of Technology
What is educational technology? (Rowntree)
What is Instructional Technology? (Wikipedia)

Modern Prescriptive Models   (Behaviorist, Cognitivist, Prescriptive Models)    
Prescribed Methodologies
Cognitivist models
Postmodern Phenomenological Models     

Constructivist models
Comparative Summaries
Objective Taxonomies

     Elaboration Theory (Reigeluth, Merrill, Wilson and Spiller)

The 4C/ID Model (Jeroen van Merriënboer)

Source - Instructional Design Models

    The ADDIE instructional design model. Instructional design begins with the
    process of starting and finishing the development of an instructional program.

     Flow chart and table from Sherri Braxton's site on Instructional Design Models

Kemp's Instructional Design Model

Recommended Reading:

Instructional Design:

Training Principles:

Principles of Sports Training:

Developing Course Materials:

Developing Training Plans

What are the goals and objectives?

What will is the subject content (message)?

What teaching methods and technology (media) will be used?

How will learners be assessed?

How will a course or lesson's instructional design be evaluated and improved?


Merrill's First Principles of Instruction


Dick and Carey Model

Kemp's Instructional Design Model

Gagné's Nine Events of Instruction

Bloom's Learning Taxonomy

Kirkpatrick's 4 Levels of Training Evaluation

Instructional Design Models and Components   Several models of instructional design exist. One of the most famous is Dick and Carey's Model for designing instruction.
Instructional Design Models - University of Windsor   Models for instructional design provide procedural frameworks for the ... how combinations of instructional strategy components should be integrated to produce a course of instruction.

There are five eLearning Components that are essential for all successful online courses. Understanding these components will help you design and develop a course that meets computer based training objectives.


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Instructional Design
PDF  Writing Objectives Instructional Design Models
Instructional Design Components
Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)
Evaluating Learning Outcomes

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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