The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Injury Prevention of Athletes
Participating in Sports
Learning by Doing
committing a mistake or poor decision in sports result in a painful
bruise or pulled muscle. This may discourage some individuals to chose
another sport with less physical contact. The athlete who instead of
fearing mistakes, learns to embrace errors will be able to move forward
and acquire advanced skills. The possibility of injury is not usually a
consideration, especially in young athletes who generally lack the
comprehension of physical danger and if they do understand the
possibility of injury do not believe it will happen to them.
Hindsight may Prevent Others
from Experiencing the same Problems from Occurring
A better adage is "It
better to learn from the mistakes of others than to duplicate their
poor judgment." Accepting that everyone makes mistakes is not a reason
to excuse making avoidable mistakes, especially when someone has
repeatedly suggested that you are headed for trouble.
It is not necessarily
true that the best way to learn is from your own mistakes. You can only
learn from a mistake if you are able to admit you've made an error in
judgment. Accepting responsibility of your mistake is an acquired
trait that starts with little mistakes that don't
actually cause any damage or
harm and can be relative easy to deal with.
If you are unable to
accept your own errors then you are unlikely to be accept the mistakes
The risk of Injury
It is impossible to
acquire good decision making skills if someone else is always making
decisions. The most difficult parenting skills is allowing children to
make simple mistakes and then treating the mistake as a learning
opportunity. Many common childhood behaviors, decisions and
actions are associated with some risk.
There is an increased
likelihood that mistakes are likely to happen in things that are
outside of their comfort zone. Sometimes there is peer pressure
associated with making poor decisions involving drinking, cheating, and
sexual encounters. Being in new circumstances provides an opportunity
to trying out the freedom to make good choices as well as poor choices.
It is a little scary to be held responsible for your decisions, but it
is part of growing up and acquiring the skills of being an adult.
Does gender produce
any difference in risk aversion and competition? Are
women naturally more risk averse or less inclined to enter a
competitive situation? Does our culture influence if women
and men might have different preferences or risk attitudes? Male
children are encouraged to take risks and act competitively when
participating in sports, and girls are often encouraged to remain "lady
like" and less aggressive. The choices made by boys and girls could be
due to the nurturing
received from parents or peers.
schools restricted to either one sex or the other, there may be a more
favorable environment for gender
identity to develop and be expressed in academic and sports
achievement. In a coeducational environment, girls and boys are
confronted with adolescent attractiveness
to members of the opposite sex.
behavior or risk avoidance is viewed as being a part of female gender
identity while risk seeking is a part of male gender identity, then a
coeducational school environment might lead girls to make less
competitive and risky choices than boys. Refer to Gender,
risk, and Competition Differences
Physical activity - choosing the one for youSome types of physical activity involve specific injury risks, but general risk factors include:
General health and fitness
Dehydration reduces exercise performance and increases the risk of heat related illness. It can cause cramping of the muscles. Make sure you have adequate hydration and sun protection in hot and humid conditions to avoid the risk of injury.
Warm up and cool down
Warming up before exercise helps to loosen muscles, increase blood flow and prepare your whole body for exercise. Cooling down helps the whole body recover from exercise. There is some proof that warming up and cooling down can (slightly) reduce muscle soreness after exercise. Warming up has also been shown to improve performance during exercise.
Hard or uneven surfaces, obstructions or barriers, rough terrain and extreme weather conditions are just some of the environmental factors that can increase the risk of falls, knocks and other exercise hazards. Poorly maintained equipment presents a further hazard.
If you or someone else is injured:
If you are injured, don't try to keeping going. A ‘no pain, no gain’ attitude risks making the injury worse and may delay or prevent your return due to a chronic, recurring injury. Give your body time to heal to minimize long-term damage. Consult with a health professional (such as a physiotherapist) before restarting exercise after injury – they can work with you to plan your safe return to activity.
Different attitudes about stretching to prevent injury
Stretching, warming up and cooling down were previously thought to aid injury prevention during exercise. However, there is not a lot of evidence that these activities are effective in reducing exercise injury risk.
However, warming up and cooling down might help to reduce muscle soreness after exercise, even if they don't prevent injuries. Gentle stretching can be included as part of your overall warm-up and cool-down routine. Some people also find psychological benefits in stretching and warming up to put them in the right frame of mind for exercise or to help them relax after exercise.
The best ways to avoid injury during exercise are to wear appropriate protective gear, understand the rules and requirements of the activity, avoid exercising when fatigued or in pain, make sure you have adequate hydration and sun protection, and exercise on properly prepared playing surfaces.
Where to get help
Things to remember
Games approach helps tennis players transfer skills learned in practice to matches Coaches create scenarios on the tennis court in which players have to use their technical skills in match/game situations, forcing them to make decisions that simulate the choices they will have to make in a match. These skills, called tactical skills, are the bridge between practice performance and match performance. Although the proper execution of technical skills is necessary for success, the tactical skills (i.e., the ability to make the appropriate decisions) are the key to having everything come together when it counts - in the match.
Defining and Classifying Skill in Sport Motor skills form the basis of all sports. Transfer of skills - The learning of one skill may help in the learning of another skill, sometimes in a different activity.
Transferable Skills The most commonly cited transferable skills for athletes are: 1. The ability to perform. 2, To achieve an efficient transfer of skills from sport to work.
University of Georgia Mental Toughness Program Transferability of skills from athletic arena to everyday life. Appreciation for the specialized needs of student athletes, coaches, and teams.
Commitment to Academics - Auburn University Student Athlete This course provides freshmen & transfer student athletes with a variety of Life Skills components necessary to maximize their educational success
Tutors : Home Instructors : Private Tutoring We have tutors in all academic subjects like Math, English, Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, and we tutor at your home or online tutoring.
Scripps College : Scripps College Tutoring Program The Dean of Students office sponsors a peer based Tutoring Program that ... offering a network of qualified tutors in a wide range of academic subjects at no extra ... and set up a mutually convenient time and location for your tutorial sessions. ...
FAQ - Tutoring Center - Fullerton College Academic Support Center After you fill out the Tutoring Request Form, the process of finding a qualified tutor begins. Most of the time we can help you find a tutor for any subject.
Tutor Hunt - Private Tutors & Personal Tutors For Home Tuition The Tutor Hunt network helps both tutors and students find each other. Search by level, subject and location, create your own tutor or student profile for free.
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.