The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Individualization PrincipleThe Individualization Principle
The Individualization Principle dictates that sports training should be adjusted according to the individual age, gender, rate of progress, and previous skill development. The goal of individualization is to capitalize on the strengths while minimizing existing skill deficiencies.
Modifications to a basic training plan can consist of adjustments that are made for individual skill differences such as physical size, weight, medical conditions, injuries, motivational, emotion, and mental level.
It is essential that coaches and/or trainers invest the time and attention to develop a personalized training plan. The benefit that occurs is to accelerate the athlete's training progress.
Applying the Principle of Individualization
The goal of every coach and parent is to provide each child with the attention that makes them feel special, The following are offered as suggestions:
According to Simoneau and Bouchard (1998), athletes may have different biomotor abilities (strength, speed, endurance and co-ordination) due to genetic variance in physiological make-up. Research data from 4 studies provided enough evidence for Simoneau and Bouchard to conclude that the considerable variation between athletes in anaerobic performance can, to a large extent, be attributed to genetic factors.
Biological and chronological age have a very important bearing on determining the optimal training loads. A preadolescent and adolescent can be further divided into prepubertal, pubertal and postpubertal stages. In each stage a young athlete can be expected to display have different physiological characteristics which requires adjustments in training loads must be carefully considered in with respect of the athlete's background. It is important that coaches recognize that biological age is more relevant for planning training loads than is chronological age
The Individualization Principle for Sports Training The Individualization Principle dictates that sports training should be adjusted according to individual needs, such as age, gender, rate of progress, and previous skill development/experience.
Performance Coaching: The individualization of training For example, the 'principle of individualization' is one of Bompa's (1999) seven principles of training and the 'principle of individuality' is one of Rushall's seven principles of coaching.
Individualization Individualization as an educational principle, therefore, leads to training that is modified or customized to address the needs of individual participants.
PDF] Principles of Training Theory The basic principles and processes of training, so that they can evaluate training ... about the athlete as an individual, to personalize the most effective training program for an individual.
Principles of Sports Training:
Developing Course Materials:
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.