Psychology -
Cognitive and Behaviorist Studies


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Incentives & Discincentives
to change

Incentives and Disincentives
      Parents, coaches, teachers, society, religious organizations, and religions use different forms of incentives and disincentives to encourage or discourage specific types of behaviors.

      Sometimes society in general, special interest groups, families, and others attempt to impose specific restrictions, rules, regulations, and establish codes and laws that use the threat of penalties to achieve compliance. This can include the following:
  • Ignored by peers and/or family members
  • Ostracizing the offending individual from the group, Shunned
  • Suspension of rights, privileges, membership, status
  • Excommunicated,
  • Fines,
  • Civil or criminal prosecution - imprisonment and/or parole
      A positive environment is a critical factor for effective communication. This assumes a room/facility that is orderly and the learners understand how to conduct themselves with disciplined decorum associated with common courtesy.  Individuals aren't likely to learn very much if they are "out of sorts", moody, belligerent, or purposely choose to be uncommunicative.

      Any effort to punish failure when students are simply lacking a talent for the subject will not be productive. When an individual demonstrates an obvious lack of effort, their attitude should be strongly discouraged.

       Rewards for make a good effort is an excellent way to encourage an individual. The reward should not involve money; however, it can be a medal, ribbon, award, certificate that provide praise or special privileges. Constructive criticism, or requiring students to use recreational time to receive special help may initially be perceived as a disincentive.  However, if the atmosphere is positive and presented as a privilege, the individual should notice improvement which becomes a reward.

      The process of learning should always result in:
  • Fun,
  • Satisfaction,
  • Heighten state of stimulation,
  • Posing a challenge,
  • Pride in accomplishment.
Financial Incentives
      To provide financial management skills some parents provide a specific amount of money per week or moth that must be allocated for expenses like clothing, cosmetic/beauty supplies, haircuts, lunch money, and items like dates, movies, etc.  No bailouts or cash advances are provided.

      A base allowance requires a minimum number of tasks that must be promptly and properly performed in order to receive any allowance. Failure to properly complete the tasks results in "fines" that can result in a negative balance in their allowance account. Breaking curfew, not clearing bedroom and bathroom, washing and iron clothes should also receive fines. Extra tasks provide a source of additional revenue to be earned. The effectiveness of any such plans depends on penalties for poor or lack of performance and no compromising the rules.

      Never allow a child to manipulate you to reversing a decision. Carefully consider what action you will take prior to issuing an ultimatum. Once stated, follow through or risk backing down in future confrontations with your child. Never reverse yourself because you strongly desire the child to participate in or accomplish desired task. Never allow them to provoke you into caving in to avoid a public display of their bad behavior.
  
Recommended Reading:
  • Incentives, sanctions and conditionality The field of conflict resolution suggests that the parties must ultimately resolve their differences between themselves (often with third party assistance), external actors can use their influence and resources to generate positive incentives or negative pressure to seek a negotiated settlement and to increase the viability of a durable outcome.
  • Factors for Effective Teaching  Incentives and Disincentives. One of the most important factors in effective teaching is getting students motivated to learn.
  • Cal-Learn Individuals participating in the Cal-Learn Program receive fiscal incentives and disincentives, as well as needed supportive services.
  • The Importance of Yoga for Sports Persons   Feb. 5, 2011 Yoga is a holistic system - teaching skills which many sports persons seek, such as control over the mind, control over the body, good breathing, etc.
  • Autonomic Nervous System - NDRF   The autonomic nervous system conveys sensory impulses from the blood vessels , the heart and all of the organs in the chest, abdomen and pelvis, etc.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  All kids have worries and doubts. But some have obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) in which their worries compel them to behave in certain ways.
References:
  • Four Elements of Effective Teaching  A common myth about teaching is that good teachers are born, not made. Research, however, has consistently identified four elements of effective teaching: knowledge of the subject, good organization, group instructional skills, and enthusiastic presentation.
  • Factors Militating Against Effective Teaching Effective teaching is crucial in order for students to reach educational success in the classroom. Unfortunately, there are factors that disrupt successfully communicating with students.
  • How to Teach Effective Listening Skills Teaching students to listen effectively is best achieved by teaching them how to listen actively. Learning by listening provides lifetime benefits to students.
Resources:
  
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
   
  
      
Modifying Skills & Poor Techniques

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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