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IJS Grade Of Execution (GOE)

       In the ISU Judging System each element in a figure skating program has a base value. For example a double Toe loop has a base value of 1.3, and a double Lutz has a base value of 1.9.

       The grade of execution score (GOE) measures the quality of the element and is added to the base value.

       A judge determines their final GOE of an element by considering the positive aspects of the element and reduces their evaluation according to the guidelines of possible errors to arrive at their final GOE mark for the element.

       To establish the starting GOE Judges take into consideration the positive aspects for each element. It’s up to a Judge to decide on the number of attributes for any upgrade, but in general the recommendations are as follows:

  • +1 - Skater achieves 1 - 2 aspects
  • +2 - Skater achieves 3 - 4 aspects
  • +3 - Skater achieves 5 - 6 aspects

  • Unexpected, creative, or difficult entry
  • Clear recognizable steps/free skating movements immediately preceding element
  • Varied position in the air and/or delay in rotation
  • Great height and/or distance
  • Superior extension on landing and/or creative exit
  • Superior flow into and out of (and throughout jump combinations/sequences)

  • Good control throughout (entry, rotation, change of foot, conclusion/exit)
  • Good speed or acceleration during spin
  • Balanced rotations (on different feet and/or in different positions/variations)
  • Clearly more than required number of revolutions
  • Superior position(s) (including air position in flying spins)
  • Creativity and originality

Spiral Sequences
  • Good flow, energy, and execution
  • Good speed during sequence
  • Good body line
  • Highlights the character of the program
  • Superior flexibility
  • Creativity and originality

Step Sequences
  • Good energy and execution
  • Good speed or acceleration during sequence
  • Good timing according to the music
  • Highlights the character of the program
  • Superior control and commitment of whole body to accuracy of steps
  • Creativity and originality


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

ISU Figure Skating Judging
PDF The International Judging System (IJS) PDF   IJS Judging Criteria
ISU Technical Updates
Index of ISU Articles
Free Skating Program Requirements
Basic Jumps
Technical Jump Requirements
Cheated Jumps
Short & Long Programs
Free Skating Test Elements
ISU Judging
IJS Technical Panel
Competition Jumps
Competition Spins
Competition Spirals
Competition Step Sequences
IJS Grades of Execution
PDF  IJS Judging Criteria
PDF  IJS Presentation Guidelines
Program Component Guidelines
PDF  IJS Handbook
PDF  ISU Communication 1593
PDF  ISU Communication 1557
PDF  ISU Communication 1548
PDF  ISU Communication 1547
PDF  ISU Communication 1540
PDF  ISU Communication 1505
PDF  ISU Communication 1504
PDF  ISU Communication 1494
PDF  ISU Communication 1476
PDF  ISU Communication 1459
PDF  ISU Communication 1445
PDF  Search for ISU communications

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