San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Grades Of Execution (GOE)
Application of a Quality Standard
In the 6.0 judging system the quality of performing technical elements (jumps, spins, step/spiral sequences), and optional items, like spread eagles, ina bauers, etc., are evaluated by the judging panel. In an effort to be more transparent, the ISU developed a new judging system in response to the wide spread criticism about the 2002 Winter Olympic Pairs event held in Park City, UT, a suburb of Salt Lake city,
Until that incident, it was suspected that some figure skating competitions were fixed and that the figure skating judging system was not fair, but no changes in ice skating judging took place. What happened at the 2002 Olympics changed figure skating forever since shortly afterwards, a new judging system was implemented.
In the ISU Judging System each element in a figure skating program has a base value. For example a double Toe loop has a base value of 1.3, and a double Lutz has a base value of 1.9.
The grade of execution score (GOE) measures the quality of the element and is added to the base value.
A judge determines their final GOE of an element by considering the positive aspects of the element and reduces their evaluation according to the guidelines of possible errors to arrive at their final GOE mark for the element.
To establish the starting
GOE Judges take into consideration
the positive aspects for each element. It’s up to a Judge to decide on
the number of attributes for any upgrade, but in general the
recommendations are as follows:
The ISU has established parameters for a "well-balanced program" free skating, pairs, and free dance program. For example, in a free skating program there are limitations on the number of jumping passes that can be done, how many times the same jump can be attempted, number of specific types of spin, etc. Skaters will not receive credit for an element that exceeds the allowable content even if it was performed without an error.
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.