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Determine Final GOE Value
of Step & Spiral Sequence Elements

What is a GOE?
   
    Grade of Execution (GOE) is not the same thing as Level.  Judges award GOE marks. The Technical Panel call the element levels. Both of these values are entered separately by accountants into the computer for each element. The computer programing automatically factors and determines the "clipped mean" marks of all of the judges on the panel so there is one mark for each element on the summary sheet. The summary sheet also lists the individual judge's GOE and Program Component marks.

       A higher Level for an element does not always result in a higher total score after GOEs are added to the base core value adjusted for levels.

       Elements that are poorly performed receive a minus (-) GOE from judges. Elements that are above the minimum standard "Zero" GOE, receive a plus (+) GOE. Refer to Spiral Sequence GOE Positive Guidlines.

       The  ISU Communication 1611 defines GOE deductions in Section IV. Updated Guidelines in establishng GOE for errors in Short Program and Free Skating.

        ISU Communication 1611 no longer provides for the technical panel to call levels of difficulty for the
spiral sequence. The 53rd ISU Congress adopted the provision that all spiral sequences will be called as a choreographed spiral sequence (ChSp). The choreographed spiral sequence will be awarded a base value when the requirements are fulfilled and evaluated by the Judges’ GOE only.

       ISU Technical Notification 74 - US Figure Skating Sept. 30, 2010 ... spiral sequence. The 53rd ISU Congress adopted the provision that the spiral sequence will always be called as a choreographed spiral.  The code for the choreographed spirals is 'ChSp'.

Remarks:

       In both Singles and Pairs the Technical Panel will determine the element and level. The Judges decide himself/herself on the severity of the error (major or minor error) and the corresponding GOE reduction.
   
Charts from Guidelines in establishng GOE for errors in Short Program and Free Skating
         
Spiral Sequences GOE Levels

-3 -2
-1 0 +1 +2 +3
SpSq1  -1.0 -0.6 -0.3 1.8 0.5  1.0 1.5
SpSq2 -1.0
-0.6 -0.3 2.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SpSq3 -2.1
-1.4 -0.7 3.1
0.5 1.0 1.5
SpSq4 -2.1
-1.4 -0.7 3.4
1.0
2.0 3.0
   
Spiral Sequences Features - Technical Panel

Number of features for Levels:        2 for Level 2;       3 for Level 3;        4 for Level 4

  • First difficult variation

  • Second difficult variation

  • Change of edge
  • Unsupported change of free leg positin (front, side, back) or skating direction (forward or backward)
  • Total split position
  • Six or more seconds in one position
     
GOE Spiral Sequence Error Guidelines - Judges
Fall
-3
Poor positions
-1 to -3
Less than half of the pattern in spiral position
-2 to -3
Stumble
-1 to -2


Poor edge quality
-1 to -2
   
Spiral Sequence GOE Positive Guidlines - Judges
  
2 bullets   for + 1;         4 bullets for + 2;         6 or more bullets for + 3; 
  1. good flow, energy and execution

  2. good speed during sequence

  3. good body line and full extension

  4. minimal delay between spiral positions

  5. good flexibility

  6. creativity and originality

  7. ability to attain positions and variations quickly and effortlessly

  8. element matched to the musical structure

    
Step Sequences Features - Technical Panel

Number of features for Levels:        2 for Level 2;       3 for Level 3;        4 for Level 4
  • Simple variety (Level 2), variety (Level 3), complexity (Level 4) of turns and steps throughout (compulsory)

  • Rotations (turns, steps) in either direction (left and right) with full body rotation covering at least 1/3 of the pattern in total for each rotational direction

  • Use of upper body movements

  • At least half a pattern on one foot only

  • Combination of difficult turns (rockers, counters, brackets, twizzles) quickly executed in both directions (at least twice within the sequence)


CLARIFICATIONS: LEVELS OF DIFFICULTY:

Types of turns (executed on one foot) : three turns, twizzles, brackets, loops, counters, rockers.

Types of steps (executed on one foot whenever possible) : toe steps, chasses, mohawks, choctaws, curves with change of edge, cross-rolls, running steps.

Simple variety must include at least 7 turns & 4 steps, none of the types can be counted more than twice.

Variety must include at least 9 turns and 4 steps, none of the types can be counted more than twice.

Complexity must include at least 5 different types of turns and 3 different types of steps all executed at least once in both directions.

Use of upper body movements means the visible use for a combined total of at least 2/3 of the pattern of the step sequence any movements of the arms, head and torso that have an effect on the balance of the main body core.

Combination of difficult turns (rockers, counters, brackets, twizzles) quickly executed in both directions requires at least two turns in each direction.
    
Step Sequence GOE Levels - Judges
                        Straight Line       (SISt)
                        Circular Step       (CiSt)
                        Serpentine Step   (SeSt)
-3 -2
-1 0 +1 +2 +3
SI/Ci/Se1
-0.9
-0.6
-0.3
1.8
0.5
1.0
1.5
SI/Ci/Se2 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3 2.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SI/Ci/Se3 -2.1
-1.4
-0.7 3.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SI/Ci/Se4 -2.1 1.4 -0.7 3.9
1.0
2.0 3.0
    
Single Skating GOE Step Sequence Error Guidelines - Judges
Errors for which GOE must be minus
Errors for which final GOE is not restricted
Fall
-3
SP: Incorrect pattern
-1 to -2
Less than half of the pattern doing steps/turns
-2 to -3
Poor quality of steps, turns, positions
-1 to -3


Stumble
-1 to -2


SP: Jumps with more than half rev. included
-1
   
Step Sequence Positive Bullets - Judges
  

2 bullets   for + 1;         4 bullets for + 2;         6 or more bullets for + 3; 
  1. good energy and execution

  2. good speed or acceleration during sequence

  3. good clarity and precision

  4. deep clean edges (including entry and exit of all turns)

  5. good control and commitment of whole body to accuracy of steps

  6. creativity and originality

  7. effortless throughout

  8. element matched to the musical structure

  
Finding the Final Value of a Specific Element

                              Example: SlSq (Straight Line Step Sequence Level 1) with a –2 GoE

1. Find the base score for SlSt1 in the Scale of Values (SOV) - ISU Communication 1611.


-3 -2
-1 0 +1 +2 +3
Straight Line Step Sequence Level 1   
SlSt1
   
-0.9
   
-0.6
   
-0.3
   
1.8
   
0.5
   
1.0
   
1.5

2. The amount the base score will be reduced in the appropriate column (-2 Column in this example!)

Assume that SiSq1 has a GOE of -2.


-3 -2
-1 0 +1 +2 +3
Straight Line Step Sequence Level 1   
SlSt1
   
-0.9
   
-0.6
   
-0.3
   
1.8
   
0.5
   
1.0
   
1.5


3. Subtract that number from the base value

                        2.6 (base score) - .6 (value of –2 GOE deduction) = 2.0 (final score for that element)

    
Finding the GOE Expressed as a Positive or Negative Number

                                     Example: SpSq 4 (Spiral Sequence, Level 4) with a -.6 GOE

    If you know the final GOE score but you want to know what value it corresponds to on a –3 to +3 scale, you can look it up on the GOE chart. If you can't find that exact number, just find the number closest to it.

    Not all factored GOE's shown on the Summary sheets exactly appear on the GOE chart because the Summary Sheet will show the the average point value of the Judges’ Grade of Execution scores. If there are 5 or more judges, the high & low marks are dropped before averaging.

1. In this example the GOE shown on the Summary Sheet is -0.6. The closest number to -0.6 on the Scale of Values Chart for a Level 4 Spiral Sequence is -0.7.

Step Sequences
                        Straight Line       (SISt)
                        Circular Step       (CiSt)
                        Serpentine Step   (SeSt)
-3 -2
-1 0 +1 +2 +3
SI/Ci/Se1
-0.9
-0.6
-0.3
1.8
0.5
1.0
1.5
SI/Ci/Se2 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3 2.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SI/Ci/Se3 -2.1
-1.4
-0.7 3.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SI/Ci/Se4 -2.1 1.4 -0.7 3.9
1.0
2.0 3.0

2. The base value of 3.9 is reduced by -0.7.
Step Sequences
                        Straight Line       (SISt)
                        Circular Step       (CiSt)
                        Serpentine Step   (SeSt)
-3 -2
-1 0 +1 +2 +3
SI/Ci/Se1
-0.9
-0.6
-0.3
1.8
0.5
1.0
1.5
SI/Ci/Se2 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3 2.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SI/Ci/Se3 -2.1
-1.4
-0.7 3.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SI/Ci/Se4 -2.1 1.4 -0.7 3.9
1.0
2.0 3.0

3. Follow the column up to see the GOE class. It is expressed as a negative GOE (-1).
Step Sequences
                        Straight Line       (SISt)
                        Circular Step       (CiSt)
                        Serpentine Step   (SeSt)
-3 -2
-1 0 +1 +2 +3








SI/Ci/Se1
-0.9
-0.6
-0.3
1.8
0.5
1.0
1.5
SI/Ci/Se2 -0.9 -0.6 -0.3 2.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SI/Ci/Se3 -2.1
-1.4
-0.7 3.3
0.5 1.0 1.5
SI/Ci/Se4 -2.1 1.4 -0.7 3.9
1.0
2.0 3.0

References:

ISU Figure Skating Judging

PDF The International Judging System (IJS)

PDF  IJS Judging Criteria

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

IJS Competition Articles
          GOE Guidelines
          Calculation of Base Values & GOE Scores
PDF  Single/Pair Elements Levels of Difficulty 
PDF  Guidelines marking Single/Pair GOEs
          Calculating Base Values & GOE Scores
PDF  Changes in the Scales of Values
          GOE Spin Elements
          GOE Step Spiral Elements
PDF  Program Component Marking Ranges
PDF  Explanation of Components
          Planned Program Content
PDF  Planned Program Content Form
          Considerations - Performance  Feedback
          Does Outcome Equal Performance
          Summary of IJS Judging System

   
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The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.


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