The Learning Process
San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Funding Training of Athletes
Funding to Train Varies Depending on the Age, Potential, and Desire of the Athlete
There are many talented individuals with latent academic and sports potential that could be developed if unlimited funding was provided. Sadly the USA does not provide tax funds for such universal assistance. Many reasons are offered why such assistance is not provided. There are Internet sites that discuss this this issue.
There are many varsity sports that receive tax support at public Junior and Senior High Schools. In addition the are minor sports organized as clubs. Booster clubs, alumni associations, and community business/social organization that help raise funds to promote sports.
At the college/university levels, football and basket ball generate revenues by ticket sales and shared television contracts. Some of these funds are used to support other sports programs and athletic scholarships as allowed under National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) rules.
Many times scholarships are not filled for minor or orphan sports that have not achieved high visibility except for every four years as Summer and Winter Olympic events.
Lets be brutally frank - not every individual will tolerate a Spartan lifestyle of athletic training used in some countries that completely subsidize their sports as political posturing:
As shocking as it might be for athletes to manage to slip away when all eyes are on what might be the most watched sporting event in the world, this isn't the first time that athletes have used the cover of the games to escape their home countries to seek a better life. In fact, as Olympic historian David Wallechinsky told National Public Radio, one of the missing athletes, Thomas Essomba, even tried to defect four years ago at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing.
Although many of these kinds of defections took place during the Cold War, they're still common today. In fact, at this year's games, before the Cameroonian athletes made their escape, three Sudanese Olympians walked into police station in London before the opening ceremony even started and asked for political asylum, according to ESPN. Two Somali athletes reportedly also sought to remain in the United Kingdom, as reported by the BBC News, but one later denied the attempt because of threats she had received.
According to the New York Times, the earliest known asylum request in the history of the modern Olympic games took place at the 1948 Olympics, also in London. Marie Provaznikova, head of the Czechoslovakian women's gymnastics team, sought to defect to the United States. At the time, Czechoslovakia had only started to come under Soviet influence, and Provaznikova could see change on the horizon. The United States granted her request, and Provaznikova spent the rest of her life on U.S. soil, teaching gymnastics.
Source - Discovery News
The disappearance of the seven athletes was reported on the web site of the state daily Cameroon Tribune.
According to the head of Cameroon's Olympics delegation, David
Ojong, "28 (delegation members) returned to Cameroon, 24 are still in
the (Olympic) village and seven have defected," the newspaper reported
him telling the country's sports minister at a meeting on Sunday.
Source - Yahoo!
The international level of
sports has changed drastically the pure amateur competitive environment
of the early Olympic games. The International Olympic Committee
(IOC) has been forced to adapt to the economic, political, and
technological realities of the 20th century causing the Olympics
shifted away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allow
participation of professional athletes. The growing importance the
communication industry with universal access by satellites and cable of
television and the Internet
allowed corporate sponsorship to commercialize the Games.
The host city responsible for
organizing and hosting of the Olympic Games has become entangled in
political and economic considerations of immense proportions. The games
hosted in Greece did not generate the revenues anticipated. The
resulting debt is a likely cause of the political and economic problems
that presently exist.
The London games of 2012 went
off with only minor weather problems after the wettest 60 days leading
up to the opening of the days. With only a few exceptions, the weather
posed only a few minor inconveniences. Some winter games have been
plagued with too little or too much snow. It would seem that even
limited visibility and high winds can cause events to be postponed on
the outdoor venues. Snow machines can be used but only it the
temperature are cold enough. Rain is just as much a disaster for winter
sports as summer sports.
Enormous training Costs occur
terms of Personal Sacrifice and Expenses for Athletes.
The team's performance at
the 1988 Olympics inspired the 1993 film Cool
Runnings, that loosely depicted what occurred.
Funding Athletic Training
Governmental Financing of Training Expenses
Some countries provide partial to full funding of programs designed to develop elite athletes to represent their countries to win World and Olympic Medals. Great Britain, the host country of the 2012 summer Olympics undertook in 2005 to fund athlete training to enhance their performances by removing undue pressures which impair performances.
UK Sport will receive around £125 million a year over the next four years, providing sports’ governing bodies with the certainty they need to put long-terms plans in place to try and emulate, or even better, the 2012 medal haul that Team GB has enjoyed. The funding will also support Paralympic GB athletes who begin their campaign for medals in London in 18 days time.
The move is designed to reward the success of the UK’s outstanding elite sport system. It will ensure that the country continues to ride high in world sport and that our athletes can inspire future generations to take up sport, just as they have done in London.
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.