San Diego Figure Skating Communications
a non-profit educational organization
Forms of Figure Skating
Ice Skating has developed into the sports of Hockey, Speed, and Figure Skating
Ice skating began as recreational activities and a means transportation utilizing bodies of frozen water, such as canals, ponds, lakes and rivers. Ice skating was largely a male activity in the late 18th century when became identified by its two main disciplines, speed skating and figure skating.
Major changes occurred in ice skating with the development of specially made boots, shorter metal blades designed with a radius, and blades with a sharpening that allow skaters to achieve outside and inside edges. Another significant change occurred as refrigeration allowed the construction of outdoor ice rinks which were soon followed by indoor ice rinks. Dehumidification systems allowed indoor rinks to operate all year and to expand beyond the typical cool weather climates to warmer southern regions around the world.
The Evolving Sport of Figure Skating
In the beginning of the 20th century, ice skating progressed beyond the tracing of patterns on the ice to the standardization of the structure of "Figures" and the beginning of modern "free skating" programs to musical selections with fixed duration. Dancing on ice quickly became a social experience with the creation of fixed pattern dances performed to ballroom dance tempos. Pair skating combined the ability to perform individual free skating jumps and spins with spins and lifts performed as a team consisting of a male and female skater. Eventually the idea of groups of skaters functioning as a team performing precision skating moves morphed into today's Synchronized Skating Teams. The concept of professional ice shows became embodied into showcase events and Theater on Ice competitions.
The sport of figure skating includes multiple disciplines with organized
USFS tests, plus non-qualifying and qualifying competition events:
*Compulsory Dance tests can be performed with a partner and as a solo
Developing A Training Plan
Learn to Skate Program
Table of Contents - Basic Skills Bridge Program Handbook
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
All materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.