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General Fitness Training

General fitness
       The goal of general fitness training is to work to achieve broad goals of overall health and well- being, rather than narrow goals of sport competition, larger muscles or concerns about winning.

Fitness training balances five elements of good health. Make sure to include
aerobic fitness, muscular fitness, stretching, core exercise and balance training.

By Mayo Clinic staff

       The individual who is taking their first steps toward fitness and a competitive athlete, each desire to optimize their results. Both require a well rounded fitness training program that include the five basic elements to create a balanced routine. 

       Elements of a well round fitness programs include:
  • Aerobic exercise a cardio or endurance activity forms the cornerstone of most fitness training programs. Aerobic exercise causes you to breathe faster and more deeply, which maximizes the amount of oxygen in your blood.

  • Strength training helps to increase bone strength and muscular fitness. It can also help you maintain muscle mass during a weight-loss program.

  • Core Muscles The muscles in the abdomen, lower back and pelvis help to protect your back from lifting injuries and connect upper and lower body movements. Core strength is a key element of a well rounded fitness training program.

  • Balance Training Everyone - young children to retirees should include exercises to maintain or improve their balance. Balance tends to especially deteriorate as part of the aging process unless a proactive exercise program is included in the fitness training.

  • Stretching and Flexibility The ability to touch your toes with your knees straight is a demonstration of flexibility  that is an important part of activities, such as ballroom dancing, yoga, etc. Stretching exercises are effective in increasing flexibility, and thereby can allow people to easily do activities that require a wide range of motion of joints and promotes better posture.

Everyone - Competitive Athletes and Recreational Sports Participants Should be Fit 
      Sports fitness training plans point the way to achieving peak performance. A sports training program goes well beyond a  basic program to achieve fitness. A strategically designed, sport specific training program utilities testing to evacuate progress and refine exercises to enhance results.
Refer to Principles of Sports Training and Sports Training
Recommended Reading:

Fitness programs: 5 steps to getting started -  Starting a fitness program is easier than you might think. Follow these five steps.

Fit For Life Lesson Plan  Design and Implement a Personal Fitness Plan. OVERVIEW: The NASPE national standards in physical education indicate a need for "students to exhibit a physically active lifestyle" and understand that "physical activity provides opportunities for enjoyment, challenge, self expression, and social interaction."


  • Fitness training: Elements of a well rounded routine - Mayo Clinic  Whether you're a novice taking the first steps toward fitness or an exercise fanatic hoping to optimize your results, a well rounded fitness training program is includes five elements -  Aerobic fitness; Strength training; Core exercises; Balance training; Flexibility and stretching.
  • PDF Physical Fitness Training Plan  The Florida Public Safety Institute physical fitness training plan will include something from each of the four basic fitness components described above.

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Fitness Training Considerations
Kirkpatrick's Evaluating Training Programs
Skating Training Environment
Training Figure Skaters
Group Classes
Fitness Training
Personal Training Plan
Daily Training Plan
Seasonal Training
Training for Junior & Senior Athletes
Age Guidelines for Training
Developing a Plan for Training
Developing Skating Skills
Group Training Stages
Training Priorities
Strategies of Sports Training
Training Task Analysis
Value of Annual Planning
Competitive Training Strategies
Verbal and Nonverbal Communications
PDF  Core Body Training
PDF  Endurance Training Plan

All materials are copy protected. 
The limited use of the materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given for the source of the materials.

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