San Diego Figure Skating Communications
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Fitness Training & SportsUnderstanding the basic principles of training will help to understand the differences you will find among training programs.
It is important to understand how different components of the human body function. Refer to basic anamotomy and exercise physiology to expand your fitness knowledge.
Different Fitness Categories
Physical fitness is very important for all sports; however, it is specific skill sets that defines success in individual sports. There are tests for specific fitness components. However, coaches in some sports have developed sport specific tests that evaluate combined skills, technique and fitness components that are relevant to specific sports.
Examples of Sport Specific Fitness Tests - Source TopEndSports
Everyone - Competitive Athletes and Recreational Sports Participants Should be Physically Fit
Sports fitness training plans point the way to achieving peak performance. Well beyond fitness only, strategically-designed, sport-specific training programs use sound principles, test results, and coaching wisdom for developing athletes both mentally and physically.
Setting goals establishes a path for athletes to follow so they can evaluate their progress in mastering sport skills. Goals are an effective motivational technique that stimulates athletes learning new skills and mastering their ability to perform at a high level in competition. Athletes tend to become more focused and committed to a training schedule when goals are clearly established and they know unquestionably when they have achieved them.
There are six important steps in designing and carrying out plans to achieve dreams of converting championship performances into reality.
1. Set clear goals. List the long-term goals into annual or shorter term goals such as every 4 to 6 weeks. Write the goal in terms of outcomes that you will be able to measure to evaluate to what extent the athlete has ben able to accomplish.
2. Assess the baseline of the athletes skills to provide a reference point to meassure progress. This is a necessary part of the process of establishing goals. Consider the physical demands of the specific sport. The Principle of Specificity is the science behind targeting the training to improve in your sport. A frank and honest assessment by the athlete of their own personal fitness and skills need to be compared to see if there is a reality gap in the athlete's self perception and of parents and coaches. Revise the goals, if necessary, to set up a realistic plan for achieving agreed upon goals and a time table to achieve them.
3. Design your training plan. A training plan must be designed to build qualities that will best transfer to the physical, mental, and emotional demands of the sport. Start with the date of the most important competitions and work back to the present to establish a training calendar. Organize a long-term plan that includes training phases (e.g., conditioning, intensive work, in-season), and get specific with the types of training activities you'll perform in each phase. Refer to the Principle of Variation.
4. Start training. The plan should be precise as to the starting date of the first phase of your plan. Perform all your well-coordinated training activities on a daily and weekly basis.
5. Evaluate your progress. After the first phase of training, check where you are on the goals for fitness and skill tests. These are mile markers of your progress. If the plan is working, the athlete should be on schedule - not ahead or behind.
6. Revise your plan. Based on your test results after each phase, evaluate progress and make informed decisions about how you will revise your fitness training plan to keep you on track toward your goals.
Repeat, Step 4 through 6 and incorporate any necessary revisions.
Fitness programs: 5 steps to getting started - MayoClinic.com Starting a fitness program is easier than you might think. Follow these five steps.
Fit For Life Lesson Plan Design and Implement a Personal Fitness Plan. OVERVIEW: The NASPE national standards in physical education indicate a need for "students to exhibit a physically active lifestyle" and understand that "physical activity provides opportunities for enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and social interaction."
The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:
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