Sports frequently produce minor
injuries such as bruises and muscle strains
Minor accidents can be anticipated as a part
of participating in sports, especially those that involve physical
contact. However, all sports that involve falling, running, jumping,
hurdling over objects, springing from objects, etc. can experience
concussions, bone bruises, strained and torn muscles, green stick
fractures, plus an assortments of abrasions, cuts, and normal
occurrences of being young and sometimes being a little
In todays world of both parents
and single parents working creates difficulties in transporting
athletes to early morning sports practices and after school lessons
such as ballet. This frequently results in a school age child not
having a parent on site in the event of an accident requiring a
decision to seak medical treatment. All children who have a non
custotial care giver should provide them with a signed medical
It is frequently difficult to make
a decision about the seriousness of the injury, what is the most
prudent treatment, and the decision to seek medical assistance. Some
individuals have different pain thresholds resulting in those who will
"play through the pain" rather then consult a physician who they fear
might recommend treatment that requires taking substantial time off and
perhaps being unable to compete.
Certified First Responder
A Certified First Responders (CFR)
is the first individual on a site who has the training to provide
immediate, efficient, and immediate care to those who are ill and
injured. Every organization needs to train
people to be able to be "first responders" to be in attendance of
sports practices, training/exercise sessions, and competitive events.
Such individuals can be expected to encounter situations in which it
must be determined if there is a need to call 911.
It's is as important
to know what to do before making a 911 call as afterward while waiting
for help to arrive. The CFR has a basic training to properly
assess the situation and respond with recognized methods to ensure that
meets personal well-being conforming to basic medical-legal principles
as defined within the scope of care as defined by state, regional and
local regulatory agencies.
Medical experts recommend
preparing for an emergency
by gathering all the information you'll need to provide the 911
operator and the emergency team. It is also essential
to have on hand for a caregiver, relative, or friend to have a medical
form allowing them to make medical decisions in an emergency.
The following information should
Standard Operating Procedures
- The street address, apartment number, and closest cross
street of the location of the patient.
- A call-back number, in case emergency personnel have
- Chronic medical conditions. If any exist, list the
medications and the physician's information.
- Recent medical events and medical records.
- Parent's home and work phones.
As a first responder. be prepared
to answer questions about the person's condition. These questions may
Never hang up until the 911
operator tells you to do so. While waiting for emergency care, you
should do the following:
- Is the person awake?
- Is the person breathing?
- Is there an injury?
- Is the person in a dangerous spot or position where further
injury could occur?
- Has the person experienced a recent major medical event?
- Does the person have a chronic medical condition?
- If the person is not breathing, begin CPR, but only if you
have been trained to do so.
- If there is a wound, begin first aid. (See instructions
- Stay calm and reassure the person that help is on the way.
- Make the person as comfortable as possible.
- Gather the person's medications to give to the emergency
- Move furniture to allow easy access to the person.
- Recall the facts: How long has the person been sick? How
long has he been unconscious? When and how did the accident happen?
- Have someone at the door to let in the emergency personnel
and guide them to the person.
Preventive Measures include wearing Safety Gear
All physical activities from
playing contact sports require careful consideration and regular use.
Such protection can range from helmets, knee, fanny, hip, and elbow
pads. Appropriate safety gear should be worn while playing any sport.
Wearing the right gear for the right activity is important
Safety gear should
be worn during practice. In a national survey of parents, 33% said they
frequently did not take the same safety
precautions for practice as they did for games. Medical experts
indicate that 60% of all sports related injuries occur during
practice rather than during a game.
It can be hard to get a
child to wear a helmet of other protective equipment. It helps if
parents wear protection as it makes an important statement and children
are much more likely to follow the lead in physical activities. This is
especially true of bike riding as it is in buckling up with seat belts.
Coaches and parents need to
be proactive rather than reactive when it comes to sports injuries such
Sporting organizations and
facility owner/management have responsibilities to be prepared.
The responsibility for
injuries and illnesses during a sporting event generally falls to the
sponsoring organization that is hosting/ managing the event.
When traveling to another
designation, a trainer should have their own
equipment and supplies instead of accepting the uncertainty of what
available at the site. Sometimes the First Aid room will not
be staffed and locked. The delay in gaining access can be delayed, thus
putting the patient in more distress.
The owner of the facility should expect
and be prepared to treat
spectators at sporting events who trip and fall negotiating the stairs
or accessing the stands.
A Sports First Responder plays an
integral role in providing pre-hospital emergency
care until an ambulance can be dispatched. In many situations the
service of an ambulance is engaged and stationed on site during the
actual competition. However, such medical care is rarely provided
for regularly scheduled practices.
A certified first responder is
a person who has completed a course and received certification in
providing pre-hospital care for medical emergencies. They have more
skill than someone who is trained in basic first
aid but they are not a substitute for advanced medical care
rendered by emergency medical technicians
(EMTs), emergency physicians,
nurses, or paramedics.
First responder courses cover cardiopulmonary
resuscitation (CPR), automated external
defibrillator usage, spinal and bone fracture immobilization,
oxygen and, in some cases, emergency childbirth as well as advanced
Volunteers Should be Trained for
Coaches, other rink or school
employees, and adult members of sports clubs or organization should be
trained in various life
saving and emergency first aid. Rinks and participating sporting
clubs must be encouraged to stock multiple locations at the facility
that are designed as first aid
centers and are
available to designed trained staff and volunteers.
There is a likelihood that older
experience heart attacks or strokes and successful recovery can depend
on the availability of an immediate response. It is highly recommended
that a portable Defibrillator be purchased and individuals be trained
on how to use the equipment in addition to providing normal
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) techniques.
A Well Equipped
links have been
gleaned from personal communications
public institutions and athletic
have a web presence with information concerning team
materials are copy protected.
The limited use of the
materials for education purposes is allowed providing
credit is given
for the source of the materials.