Athlete Health
  
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Common Athletic Injuries

Physical Activity Levels are Indicative of the Level of Risk Taking
       The more active a child is in participating in recreational activities, unorganized sports, and competitive organized sports, the more likely they are to be accidentally injured. Supervision is helpful, but some children tend to be more inclined to be risk takers, others just have yet to develop protective judgment skills.

       The dilemma is becoming over protective as a parent when your permission is required to participate in organized sports programs. It is reasonable to not to allow participate in
tackle football, but allow them to participate in tag football.  It becomes even more complicated when a girl wants to play on traditionally all boy sports, and vice versa.  Increasingly ice hockey parents are enrolling their child in leagues that do not allow body checking against the boards and the other physical facets of professional hockey.

       It is impossible to prevent all accidents, but parents and coaches can make safety an issue that is constantly stress. Sometimes a young child may not understand the danger of their impulsiveness. However, learning is a natural process of their inquisitiveness and curiosity that starts as infants explore their environment.

       One of the problems is the universal exposure to contact physical sports and the desire of males to emulate the macho characteristics of college and professions athletes on and off the playing field, court, or other athletic venue. Parents should demand equipment that protects body parts, including helmets designed to prevent concussions and damage to the eyes and ears.  All male and female athletes who participate in body contact sports need equipment specially designed to protect the reproductive potential of the both sexes.

Parents and Coaches Need to Recognize when a Potentially serious Injury has occurred.
       Don't buy into the attitude that young athletes should "Play through the Pain". Pain is a signal that a problems has occurred. Don't ignore pain. The problem can be that the individual is in shock and is not experiencing pain as a response to extreme trauma.

       All sports and recreational facilities should have fully equipped first aid/trauma kit, a charged cell phone, and several people who have completed training to recognize the symptoms and appropriate action while an emergency vehicle and EMT arrive.

Recommended Reading:


   
  The following references were compiled by performing a search of the Mayo Clinic web site
  • Sprains and strains  Sprains and strains — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment, prevention of ligament and muscle damage.
  • Bursitis — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of this painful joint area inflammation.
  • Knee pain  — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of this common joint condition.
  • Water on the knee  — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of knee fluid buildup.
  • Neck pain — Comprehensive overview covers causes of neck pain and neck pain relief options.
  • Intracranial hematoma  — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment of this serious complication of head trauma.
  • Concussion  — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes and treatment of this common brain injury.
  • Sciatica  — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment of this acute back, pelvic and leg pain.
  • Peripheral neuropathy — Comprehensive overview covers diagnosis, causes and treatment of this often painful disorder.
  • Growing pains — Comprehensive overview covers causes, symptoms and treatment of this childhood leg pain.
  • Leg swelling — Overview covers definition, possible causes of swollen legs and ankles.
  • Sprained ankle — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment for this common ankle injury.
  • Shin splints — Comprehensive overview covers causes, treatment and prevention for pain along the shinbone.
  • Dislocated shoulder — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes and treatment of this shoulder injury.
  • Greenstick fractures — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this childhood bone injury.
  • Stress fractures — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment and prevention of this common overuse injury.
  • Broken arm — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this common fracture.
  • Hip fracture — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, complications, treatment, prevention of a broken hip.
  • Dislocated shoulder— Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes and treatment of this shoulder injury.
  • Dislocation — Comprehensive overview covers causes, treatment of this injury to hip, knee, other joints.
  • Broken wrist/broken hand — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis, treatment of these types of fractures.

  • Broken leg — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this type of fracture.

  • Broken nose — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes and treatments of a nasal fracture.
  • Separated shoulder — Comprehensive overview covers causes, symptoms and treatment of this shoulder injury.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis — Comprehensive overview covers signs, symptoms and treatment of this inflammatory arthritis.
  • Arthritis— Comprehensive overview covers arthritis symptoms, arthritis treatment and types of arthritis.
  • Elbow pain Symptom — Overview covers definition, possible causes of this symptom.
  • Bone spurs — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of projections along edges of bones.
  • Cortisone shots — Comprehensive overview covers definition, risks, results of cortisone injections.
Recommended Reading:

Health and Injury Issues

Resources:

The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Common Health Issues of Skaters
PDF  Prevention of Injuries
PDF  Skating in Bare Feet
PDF  Dealing with Stressful Situations
PDF  Sports Medicine Links
Strength Training Articles
Common Athletic Injuries

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