The Learning Process
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Classes of Athletic Motor Skills

       Motor skill classifications are used by educators and researchers in childhood development, special education, and physical therapy.

       Coaches should have strong foundation in understanding how these classifications affect making good training decisions for figure skaters.  Coaches should use the following groupings to develop appropriate instruction and training activities. 

Classifications of Motor Skills

Desciptions of the Precision of Movement:
  • Gross movements are those that involve large muscle coordinaton. Example: crossovers and jumping. These skills can be reinforced through fitness training. Transfer of motor skill learning is greater among common gross body movements because of shared similarities.
  • Fine movements involve precise control of small muscles. Tasks such as playing an instrument is an example. Most sport skills fall on the end of the gross motor continuum, an activity like ballet requires finger dexterity for hand movements, and toe/foot control when performing on point.

The Testing and Competitive Situation:

  • Open tasks are performed when the skater needs to respond to the movements of a partner or team mate.  Attentional focus, reactions, and decision-making are keys to success for these tasks.
  • Closed tasks do not require a skater to consider external factors. The environment is stable, allowing the skater to concentrate on the execution of their movements without distractions of any external stimuli.

Beginning and Ending Points of a Skill:

  • Discrete tasks have distinct beginning and ending points. The performance of a specific jump or spin.
  • Serial skills consist of a series of discrete skills performed in sequential order. An example is a compulsory dance pattern.
  • Continuous tasks have arbitrary starting and end points such as the beginning and ending points of a free skating step sequence.              

PDF Identifying and analyzing motor skill responses
The focus is on the form taken by motor skills, and thus we distinguish between those .... In order to enhance motor creativity in dance classes,

LM Motor Skills and Intro Sport Skills Program  These are important transitional years for children: becoming ready for independent classes and moving from foundational motor skills into more complex,

Fine Motor Skill classes  Formal class begins with floor-time activities with the parent or caregiver and child participating in activities that develop fine motor skills, eye-hand coordination,

Motor skill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A motor skill is a learned sequence of movements that combine to produce a smooth ... 3 Stages of Motor learning; 4 Feedback; 5 Types of tasks; 6 Gross motor skills ... less likely to be an athlete than a child born to two athletically built parents.

Physical Education/Athletics - Episcopal Academy Physical Education/Athletics. Lower School ... Various selections of music are incorporated into the classes to encourage creative motor skills.

Libertyville, IL - Official Site - Youth Athletics Youth Sports Classes: Ages 2-6. These classes are designed to focus on motor skills and athletic awareness while having fun and learning.

Sports Training


The following internet links have been gleaned from personal communications
combined with information from public institutions and athletic organizations/
associations that have a web presence with information concerning team and
individual sports programs:

Sports Information
PDF  Off Ice Training Guides

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